Swedish Genealogical Word List

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This list contains Swedish words with their English translations. The words included here are those that you are likely to find in genealogical sources. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Swedish-English dictionary. (See the "Additional Resources" section below.)
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Back to [[Sweden]]►
  
Swedish is a Germanic language, as are Norwegian, Danish, and Icelandic. Most differences between modern and old Swedish are simply a matter of spelling. Carefully study the Spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below. This will help you find the words in this list.
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The Swedish Genealogical Word List shows Swedish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Swedish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Swedish-English dictionary. (See "Additional Resources" below.)
  
Swedish is spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. The Swedish language was used in official records of Finland until the end of the 1800s.  
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Swedish is a Germanic language like Danish, Norwegian, and Icelandic. A major spelling and grammar reform was introduced in Sweden in 1917. The spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below, along with the English to Swedish Word list are designed to help you find the words you need. <br>
  
=== LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS  ===
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The entire Swedish to English word list is available in PDF see [[Image:Swedish to English Word List from the FamilySearch Wiki May 2011.pdf]].<br>
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{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="20" border="1"
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|+ Links to Swedish Genealogical Words ('''Swedish to English''' by the first letter)
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|-
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with A|A]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with B|B]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with C|C]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with D|D]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with E|E]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with F|F]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with G|G]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with H|H]]
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|-
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with I|I]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with J|J]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with K|K]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with L|L]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with M|M]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with N|N]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with O|O]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with P|P]]
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|-
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with Q|Q]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with R|R]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with S|S]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with T|T]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with U|U]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with V, W|V, W]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with X, Y, Z|X, Y, Z]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with Å|Å]]
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|-
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with Ä|Ä]]
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| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with Ö|Ö]]
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|}
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<br>
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{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="20" border="1"
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|+ Links to '''English to Swedish''' Genealogical Words (alphabetical by the first letter)
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|-
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with A|A]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with B|B]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with C|C]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with D|D]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with E|E]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with F|F]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with G|G]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with H|H]]
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|-
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with I|I]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with J|J]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with K|K]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with L|L]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with M|M]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with N|N]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with O|O]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with P|P]]
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|-
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with Q|Q]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with R|R]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with S|S]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with T|T]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with U|U]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with V, W|V, W]]
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| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with X, Y, Z|X, Y, Z]]
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| [[English to Swedish Numbers in Word Form|Numbers]]
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|}
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<br>
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== LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS  ==
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Swedish is spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. The Swedish language was used in official records of Finland until the end of the 1800s.
  
 
==== Variant Forms of Words  ====
 
==== Variant Forms of Words  ====
  
In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. Who—whose—whom or marry—marries— married are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks in different forms of the same word. Note the following examples:  
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In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. ''Who—whose—whom'' or ''marry—marries— married'' are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks indicating a variant spelling of a Swedish word (for example the conjugation of a verb.) Note the following examples:  
  
    man man yrke profession
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{| width="50%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="center" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
    mannen the man yrket the profession
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|-
    män men yrken professions
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| ''man <br>mannen <br>män <br>männen''
    männen the men yrkena the professions
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| man <br>the man <br>men <br>the men  
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| ''yrke <br>yrket <br>yrken <br>yrkena''
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| profession <br>the profession <br>professions <br>the professions
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|}
  
==== <br>Alphabetical Order  ====
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==== Alphabetical Order  ====
  
Written Swedish has three letters not found in English: Å (å), Ä (ä), and Ö (ö). Alphabetically, these letters come after z. Swedish dictionaries, indexes, the locality section of the Family History Library CatalogLook this term up in the glossary., and this word list use the following alphabetical order:  
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Swedish has three additional letters not found in the English alphabet: '''''Å (å), Ä (ä),''''' and '''''Ö (ö)'''''. Alphabetically, these letters come after '''''z'''''. The letter Å (å) was always used in Swedish as a letter of its own (unlike the Aa in Danish and Norwegian). Swedish dictionaries, indexes, the[https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Place Search] of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]], and this word list use the following alphabetical order:  
  
    a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö
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a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö  
  
==== <br>Spelling<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1251036795500_454" />  ====
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<br>  
  
Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common:
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==== Spelling ====
  
    ä used for e
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{| width="35%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="center" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
    i used for j
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|-
    j used for g, gj, hj, lj, dj
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| align="right" | '''''ä <br>i <br>j <br>k <br>t <br>v <br>tj <br>sk <br>s'''''
    k used for ck, ch, g, gg, c, q
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|
    t used for d, th, tt
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| align="center" | used for <br>used for <br>used for <br>used for <br>used for <br>used for <br>used for <br>used for <br>used for
    v used for hv, fv, ffv, f, w
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|
    tj used for k, kj, ch
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| '''''e <br>j <br>g, gj, hj, lj, dj <br>ck, ch, g, gg, c, q <br>d, th, tt <br>hv, fv, ffv, f, w <br>k, kj, ch <br>skj, sch, sj, stj<br>ss, c, z'''''
    sk used for skj, sch, sj, stj
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|}
    s used for ss, c, z
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Examples:  
 
Examples:  
  
    änka spelled as enka
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{| width="35%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="center" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
    mjölnare spelled as miölnare
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|-
    kärr spelled as tjärr
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| align="right" | ''änka <br>mjölnare <br>kärr''
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| align="center" | spelled as <br>spelled as <br>spelled as  
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| ''enka <br>miölnare<br>tjärr''
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|}
  
<br>Return to top of page
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Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common.
  
=== <br>ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  ===
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b used for p<br>  
  
This word list includes only words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use a Swedish-English dictionary. Several Swedish-English dictionaries are available at the Family History LibraryLook this term up in the glossary.. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.7321.
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c used for k
  
The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in Family History CentersLook this term up in the glossary.:
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d used for t<br>
  
Ernolv, Carl. Svensk-Engelsk Ordbok [Swedish-English Dictionary]. Stockholm: Svenska Bokförlaget Norstedts, 1947. (FHL film 1,124,531, item 12).
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f used for v
  
Björkman, C.G. Svensk-Englesk Ordbok [Swedish- English Dictionary]. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt, 1889. (FHL film 1,224,734, item 1). Swedish spelling was reformed in 1906. Since this dictionary was written in 1889, it shows words as they were spelled before 1906.
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g used for k<br>
  
Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject section of the Family History Library CatalogLook this term up in the glossary. under SWEDISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES or in the Locality section under SWEDEN - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES.
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i used for j
  
<br>Return to top of page
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x used for ks<br>  
  
=== <br>KEY WORDS ===
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q used for k
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w used for v<br>  
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e used for ä
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u used for v
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ch used for k<br>
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tj used for ki
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Examples:
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skov spelled as schov<br>
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kvinna spelled as qvinna<br>
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== ADDITIONAL RESOURCES ==
 +
 
 +
This word list includes only words ''most commonly found in genealogical sources''. For further help, use a Swedish-English dictionary. Several Swedish-English dictionaries are available at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.7321.
 +
 
 +
The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|Family History Centers]]:
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*Ernolv, Carl. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23578493&referer=brief_results Svensk-Engelsk Ordbok [Swedish-English Dictionary]]''. Stockholm: Svenska Bokförlaget Norstedts, 1947. ({{FHL|16042|title-id|disp=FHL film 1,124,531 item 12}}).
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*Björkman, C.G. ''Svensk-Englesk Ordbok [Swedish- English Dictionary]''. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt, 1889. ({{FHL|549532|title-id|disp=FHL film 1,224,734}}). Swedish spelling was reformed in 1906. Since this dictionary was written in 1889, it shows words as they were spelled before 1906.
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Additional dictionaries are listed in the [[Family History Library Catalog Subject Search|Subject&nbsp;Search]] of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]] under {{FHL|318796|subject-id|disp=SWEDISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES}} or in the&nbsp;[[Family History Library Catalog Place Search|Place Search]]&nbsp;under {{FHL|346068|subject-id|disp=SWEDEN - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES - DICTIONARIES}}.
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== Key Words  ==
  
 
To find and use specific types of Swedish records, you will need to know some key words in Swedish. This section lists key genealogical terms in English and the Swedish words with the same or similar meanings.  
 
To find and use specific types of Swedish records, you will need to know some key words in Swedish. This section lists key genealogical terms in English and the Swedish words with the same or similar meanings.  
  
For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Swedish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,and other words used in Swedish records to indicate marriage.  
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For example, in the first column you will find the English word ''marriage''. In the second column you will find Swedish words with meanings such as ''marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,''and other words used in Swedish records to indicate marriage.  
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{| width="80%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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|
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English <br>banns <br>birth <br>burial <br>child <br>christening <br>clerical survey <br>confirmation <br>death <br>father <br>female <br>household, examination roll <br>husband <br>index <br>male <br>marriage
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military <br>mother <br>moving in <br>moving out <br>name, given <br>name, surname <br>parents <br>parish <br>probate <br>wife <br>year
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|
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Swedish <br>lysning <br>födda, födde, född, födelse <br>begravning <br>barn <br>döpta, döpte, döpt, döpelse, dop <br>husförhörslängd <br>konfirmation <br>döda, döde, död, avliden, avsomna <br>far, fader <br>kvinnkön, kvinna <br>husförhörslängd, förhör <br>
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man, make <br>register <br>mankön, man <br>vigda, vigde, vigd, vigsel, gift, gifte, giftermål, bröllop, brudfolk <br>militär, soldat <br>mor, moder <br>inflyttning <br>utflyttning <br>förnamn <br>efternamn <br>föräldrar <br>socken, församling, kommun <br>boupptekning <br>hustru, maka <br>år
  
    English Swedish
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|}
    banns lysning
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    birth födda, födde, född, födelse
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    burial begravning
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    child barn
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    christening döpta, döpte, döpt, döpelse, dop
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    clerical survey husförhörslängd
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    confirmation konfirmation
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    death döda, döde, död, avliden, avsomna
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    father far, fader
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    female kvinnkjön, kvinna
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    household, examination roll husförhörslängd, förhör
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    husband man, make
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    index register
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    male mankjön, man
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    marriage vigda, vigde, vigd, vigsel, gift, gifte, giftermål, bröllop, brudfolk
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    military militär, soldat
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    mother mor, moder
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    moving in inflyttning
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    moving out utflyttning
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    name, given förnamn
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    name, surname efternamn
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    parents föräldrar
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    parish socken, församling, kommun
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    probate boupptekning
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    wife hustru, maka
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    year år
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[[Category:Word_List]]
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[[Category:Word_List|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Finland|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Germany|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Denmark|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Norway|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Language_Tools_for_Swedish_Research]]

Revision as of 15:33, 16 May 2012

Back to Sweden

The Swedish Genealogical Word List shows Swedish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Swedish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Swedish-English dictionary. (See "Additional Resources" below.)

Swedish is a Germanic language like Danish, Norwegian, and Icelandic. A major spelling and grammar reform was introduced in Sweden in 1917. The spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below, along with the English to Swedish Word list are designed to help you find the words you need.

The entire Swedish to English word list is available in PDF see File:Swedish to English Word List from the FamilySearch Wiki May 2011.pdf.

Links to Swedish Genealogical Words (Swedish to English by the first letter)
A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P
Q R S T U V, W X, Y, Z Å
Ä Ö


Links to English to Swedish Genealogical Words (alphabetical by the first letter)
A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P
Q R S T U V, W X, Y, Z Numbers


Contents

LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS

Swedish is spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. The Swedish language was used in official records of Finland until the end of the 1800s.

Variant Forms of Words

In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. Who—whose—whom or marry—marries— married are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks indicating a variant spelling of a Swedish word (for example the conjugation of a verb.) Note the following examples:

man
mannen
män
männen
man
the man
men
the men
yrke
yrket
yrken
yrkena
profession
the profession
professions
the professions

Alphabetical Order

Swedish has three additional letters not found in the English alphabet: Å (å), Ä (ä), and Ö (ö). Alphabetically, these letters come after z. The letter Å (å) was always used in Swedish as a letter of its own (unlike the Aa in Danish and Norwegian). Swedish dictionaries, indexes, thePlace Search of the Family History Library Catalog, and this word list use the following alphabetical order:

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö


Spelling

ä
i
j
k
t
v
tj
sk
s
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
e
j
g, gj, hj, lj, dj
ck, ch, g, gg, c, q
d, th, tt
hv, fv, ffv, f, w
k, kj, ch
skj, sch, sj, stj
ss, c, z

Examples:

änka
mjölnare
kärr
spelled as
spelled as
spelled as
enka
miölnare
tjärr

Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common.

b used for p

c used for k

d used for t

f used for v

g used for k

i used for j

x used for ks

q used for k

w used for v

e used for ä

u used for v

ch used for k

tj used for ki

Examples:

skov spelled as schov

kvinna spelled as qvinna

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

This word list includes only words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use a Swedish-English dictionary. Several Swedish-English dictionaries are available at the Family History Library. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.7321.

The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use inFamily History Centers:

Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under SWEDISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES or in the Place Search under SWEDEN - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES - DICTIONARIES.

Key Words

To find and use specific types of Swedish records, you will need to know some key words in Swedish. This section lists key genealogical terms in English and the Swedish words with the same or similar meanings.

For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Swedish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,and other words used in Swedish records to indicate marriage.

English
banns
birth
burial
child
christening
clerical survey
confirmation
death
father
female
household, examination roll
husband
index
male
marriage

military
mother
moving in
moving out
name, given
name, surname
parents
parish
probate
wife
year

Swedish
lysning
födda, födde, född, födelse
begravning
barn
döpta, döpte, döpt, döpelse, dop
husförhörslängd
konfirmation
döda, döde, död, avliden, avsomna
far, fader
kvinnkön, kvinna
husförhörslängd, förhör

man, make
register
mankön, man
vigda, vigde, vigd, vigsel, gift, gifte, giftermål, bröllop, brudfolk
militär, soldat
mor, moder
inflyttning
utflyttning
förnamn
efternamn
föräldrar
socken, församling, kommun
boupptekning
hustru, maka
år