Swedish Genealogical Word List

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(r)
m (fixed link)
(15 intermediate revisions by 6 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="240" align="left" border="0"
+
Back to [[Sweden]]►
 +
 
 +
The Swedish Genealogical Word List shows Swedish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Swedish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Swedish-English dictionary. (See "Additional Resources" below.)
 +
 
 +
Swedish is a Germanic language like Danish, Norwegian, and Icelandic. A major spelling and grammar reform was introduced in Sweden in 1917. The spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below, along with the English to Swedish Word list are designed to help you find the words you need. <br>
 +
 
 +
The entire Swedish to English word list is available in PDF see [[Image:Swedish to English Word List from the FamilySearch Wiki May 2011.pdf]].<br>
 +
 
 +
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="20" border="1"
 +
|+ Links to Swedish Genealogical Words ('''Swedish to English''' by the first letter)
 
|-
 
|-
| __TOC__
+
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with A|A]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with B|B]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with C|C]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with D|D]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with E|E]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with F|F]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with G|G]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with H|H]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with I|I]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with J|J]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with K|K]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with L|L]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with M|M]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with N|N]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with O|O]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with P|P]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with Q|Q]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with R|R]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with S|S]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with T|T]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with U|U]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with V, W|V, W]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with X, Y, Z|X, Y, Z]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with Å|Å]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with Ä|Ä]]
 +
| [[Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with Ö|Ö]]
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="20" border="1"
 +
|+ Links to '''English to Swedish''' Genealogical Words (alphabetical by the first letter)
 +
|-
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with A|A]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with B|B]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with C|C]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with D|D]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with E|E]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with F|F]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with G|G]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with H|H]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with I|I]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with J|J]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with K|K]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with L|L]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with M|M]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with N|N]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with O|O]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with P|P]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with Q|Q]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with R|R]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with S|S]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with T|T]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with U|U]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with V, W|V, W]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Genealogical Words beginning with X, Y, Z|X, Y, Z]]
 +
| [[English to Swedish Numbers in Word Form|Numbers]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
This list contains Swedish words with their English translations. The words included here are those that you are likely to find in genealogical sources. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Swedish-English dictionary. (See the "Additional Resources" section below.)
+
<br>
  
Swedish is a Germanic language, as are Norwegian, Danish, and Icelandic. Most differences between modern and old Swedish are simply a matter of spelling. Carefully study the Spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below. This will help you find the words in this list.
+
== LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS  ==
  
 
Swedish is spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. The Swedish language was used in official records of Finland until the end of the 1800s.  
 
Swedish is spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. The Swedish language was used in official records of Finland until the end of the 1800s.  
 
=== Language Characteristics  ===
 
  
 
==== Variant Forms of Words  ====
 
==== Variant Forms of Words  ====
  
In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. ''Who—whose—whom'' or ''marry—marries— married'' are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks in different forms of the same word. Note the following examples:  
+
In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. ''Who—whose—whom'' or ''marry—marries— married'' are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks indicating a variant spelling of a Swedish word (for example the conjugation of a verb.) Note the following examples:  
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" align="center" border="0"
+
{| width="50%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="center" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ''man <br>mannen <br>män <br>männen''  
 
| ''man <br>mannen <br>män <br>männen''  
Line 26: Line 100:
 
==== Alphabetical Order  ====
 
==== Alphabetical Order  ====
  
Written Swedish has three letters not found in English: '''''Å (å), Ä (ä),''''' and '''''Ö (ö)'''''. Alphabetically, these letters come after '''''z'''''. Swedish dictionaries, indexes, the&nbsp;[[Family History Library Catalog Place Search|Place Search]] of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]], and this word list use the following alphabetical order:  
+
Swedish has three additional letters not found in the English alphabet: '''''Å (å), Ä (ä),''''' and '''''Ö (ö)'''''. Alphabetically, these letters come after '''''z'''''. The letter Å (å) was always used in Swedish as a letter of its own (unlike the Aa in Danish and Norwegian). Swedish dictionaries, indexes, the[https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Place Search] of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]], and this word list use the following alphabetical order:  
  
:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö
+
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö  
  
==== Spelling  ====
+
<br>
  
Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common:
+
==== Spelling ====
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="35%" align="center" border="0"
+
{| width="35%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="center" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="right" | '''''ä <br>i <br>j <br>k <br>t <br>v <br>tj <br>sk <br>s'''''  
 
| align="right" | '''''ä <br>i <br>j <br>k <br>t <br>v <br>tj <br>sk <br>s'''''  
Line 45: Line 119:
 
Examples:  
 
Examples:  
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="35%" align="center" border="0"
+
{| width="35%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="center" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="right" | ''änka <br>mjölnare <br>kärr''  
 
| align="right" | ''änka <br>mjölnare <br>kärr''  
Line 52: Line 126:
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Additional Resources  ===
+
Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common.
  
This word list includes only words ''most commonly found in genealogical sources''. For further help, use a Swedish-English dictionary. Several Swedish-English dictionaries are available at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.7321.
+
b used for p<br>
  
The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in [[Finding a Family History Center|Family History Centers]]:
+
c used for k
  
*Ernolv, Carl. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23578493&referer=brief_results Svensk-Engelsk Ordbok [Swedish-English Dictionary]]''. Stockholm: Svenska Bokförlaget Norstedts, 1947. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=16042&disp=Svensk-engelsk+ordbok%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL film 1,124,531 item 12]).
+
d used for t<br>
*Björkman, C.G. ''Svensk-Englesk Ordbok [Swedish- English Dictionary]''. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt, 1889. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=549532&disp=Svensk-Engelsk+ordbok%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL film 1,224,734]). Swedish spelling was reformed in 1906. Since this dictionary was written in 1889, it shows words as they were spelled before 1906.
+
  
Additional dictionaries are listed in the [[Family History Library Catalog Subject Search|Subject&nbsp;Search]] of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]] under [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=subjectdetails&subject=318796&subject_disp=Swedish+language+-+Dictionaries&columns=*,0,0 SWEDISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES] or in the&nbsp;[[Family History Library Catalog Place Search|Place Search]]&nbsp;under [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=346068&subject_disp=Sweden+-+Language+and+languages+-+Dictionaries&columns=*,0,0 SWEDEN - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES - DICTIONARIES].
+
f used for v
  
=== Key Words  ===
+
g used for k<br>
  
To find and use specific types of Swedish records, you will need to know some key words in Swedish. This section lists key genealogical terms in English and the Swedish words with the same or similar meanings.
+
i used for j
  
For example, in the first column you will find the English word ''marriage''. In the second column you will find Swedish words with meanings such as ''marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,''and other words used in Swedish records to indicate marriage.
+
x used for ks<br>
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="80%" border="0"
+
q used for k
|-
+
| English <br>banns <br>birth <br>burial <br>child <br>christening <br>clerical survey <br>confirmation <br>death <br>father <br>female <br>household, examination roll <br>husband <br>index <br>male <br>marriage <br>military <br>mother <br>moving in <br>moving out <br>name, given <br>name, surname <br>parents <br>parish <br>probate <br>wife <br>year
+
| Swedish <br>lysning <br>födda, födde, född, födelse <br>begravning <br>barn <br>döpta, döpte, döpt, döpelse, dop <br>husförhörslängd <br>konfirmation <br>döda, döde, död, avliden, avsomna <br>far, fader <br>kvinnkjön, kvinna <br>husförhörslängd, förhör <br>man, make <br>register <br>mankjön, man <br>vigda, vigde, vigd, vigsel, gift, gifte, giftermål, bröllop, brudfolk <br>militär, soldat <br>mor, moder <br>inflyttning <br>utflyttning <br>förnamn <br>efternamn <br>föräldrar <br>socken, församling, kommun <br>boupptekning <br>hustru, maka <br>år
+
|}
+
  
=== Numbers  ===
+
w used for v<br>
  
In Swedish genealogical sources numbers are occasionally written out. The following list gives the cardinal (1, 2, 3) and the ordinal (1st, 2nd, 3rd) versions of each number.
+
e used for ä
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
+
u used for v
|-
+
| align="right" | &nbsp; <br>0 <br>1 <br>2 <br>3 <br>4 <br>5 <br>6 <br>7 <br>8 <br>9 <br>10 <br>11 <br>12 <br>13 <br>14 <br>15 <br>16 <br>17 <br>18 <br>19 <br>20 <br>21 <br>22 <br>23 <br>24 <br>25 <br>26 <br>27 <br>28 <br>29 <br>30 <br>31 <br>40 <br>50 <br>60 <br>70 <br>80 <br>90 <br>100 <br>200 <br>1000
+
| &nbsp;&nbsp;
+
| '''Cardinal''' <br>noll <br>en, ett <br>två <br>tre <br>fyra <br>fem <br>sex <br>sju <br>åtta <br>nio <br>tio <br>elva <br>tolv <br>tretton <br>fjorton <br>femton <br>sexton <br>sjutton <br>aderton, arton <br>nitton <br>tjugo <br>tjugoen/ett <br>tjugotvå <br>tjugotre <br>tjugofyra <br>tjugofem <br>tjugosex <br>tjugosju <br>tjugoåtta <br>tjugonio <br>trettio <br>trettioen/ett <br>fyrtio <br>femtio <br>sextio <br>sjuttio <br>åttio <br>nittio <br>ett/en hundra <br>två hundra <br>ett/en tusen
+
| &nbsp; <br>&nbsp; <br>1st <br>2nd <br>3rd <br>4th <br>5th <br>6th <br>7th <br>8th <br>9th <br>10th <br>11th <br>12th <br>13th <br>14th <br>15th <br>16th <br>17th <br>18th <br>19th <br>20th <br>21st <br>22nd <br>23rd <br>24th <br>25th <br>26th <br>27th <br>28th <br>29th <br>30th <br>31st <br>40th <br>50th <br>60th <br>70th <br>80th <br>90th <br>100th <br>200th <br>1000th
+
| '''Ordinal''' <br>&nbsp; <br>första <br>andra <br>tredje <br>fjärde <br>femte <br>sjätte <br>sjunde <br>åttonde <br>nionde <br>tionde <br>elfte <br>tolfte <br>trettonde <br>fjortonde <br>femtonde <br>sextonde <br>sjuttonde <br>adertonde <br>nittonde <br>tjugonde <br>tjugoförsta <br>tjugoandra <br>tjugotredje <br>tjugofjärde <br>tjugofemte <br>tjugosjätte <br>tjugosjunde <br>tjugoåttonde <br>tjugonionde <br>trettionde <br>trettioförsta <br>fyrtionde <br>femtionde <br>sextionde <br>sjuttionde <br>åttionde <br>nittionde <br>en/ett hundrade <br>två hundrade <br>en/ett tusende
+
|}
+
  
=== Dates and Time  ===
+
ch used for k<br>
  
'''Months''' <br>
+
tj used for ki
  
:
+
Examples:  
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="30%" border="0"
+
skov spelled as schov<br>  
|-
+
| '''English <br>'''January <br>February <br>March <br>April <br>May <br>June <br>July <br>August <br>September <br>October <br>November <br>December
+
| '''Swedish''' <br>januari <br>februari <br>mars <br>april <br>maj <br>juni <br>juli <br>augusti <br>september <br>oktober <br>november <br>december
+
|}
+
  
<br>'''Days of the Week''' <br>
+
kvinna spelled as qvinna<br>  
  
:
+
== ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  ==
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="30%" border="0"
+
This word list includes only words ''most commonly found in genealogical sources''. For further help, use a Swedish-English dictionary. Several Swedish-English dictionaries are available at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.7321.
|-
+
| '''English''' <br>Sunday <br>Monday <br>Tuesday <br>Wednesday <br>Thursday <br>Friday <br>Saturday
+
| '''Swedish''' <br>söndag <br>måndag <br>tisdag <br>onsdag <br>torsdag <br>fredag <br>lördag
+
|}
+
  
=== General Word List  ===
+
The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|Family History Centers]]:
  
This general word list includes words commonly seen in genealogical sources. Numbers, months, and days of the week are listed both here and in separate sections that follow this list.  
+
*Ernolv, Carl. ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23578493&referer=brief_results Svensk-Engelsk Ordbok [Swedish-English Dictionary]]''. Stockholm: Svenska Bokförlaget Norstedts, 1947. ({{FHL|16042|title-id|disp=FHL film 1,124,531 item 12}}).
 +
*Björkman, C.G. ''Svensk-Englesk Ordbok [Swedish- English Dictionary]''. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt, 1889. ({{FHL|549532|title-id|disp=FHL film 1,224,734}}). Swedish spelling was reformed in 1906. Since this dictionary was written in 1889, it shows words as they were spelled before 1906.
  
In this list, optional versions of Swedish words or variable endings are given in parentheses. Parentheses in the English column clarify the definition.  
+
Additional dictionaries are listed in the [[Family History Library Catalog Subject Search|Subject&nbsp;Search]] of the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|Family History Library Catalog]] under {{FHL|318796|subject-id|disp=SWEDISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES}} or in the&nbsp;[[Family History Library Catalog Place Search|Place Search]]&nbsp;under {{FHL|346068|subject-id|disp=SWEDEN - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES - DICTIONARIES}}.  
  
{| class="plain FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
== Key Words  ==
|-
+
|
+
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" width="80%" align="center" border="0"
+
|-
+
| align="center" | '''Click&nbsp;the&nbsp;letter&nbsp;below&nbsp;to&nbsp;get&nbsp;to&nbsp;the&nbsp;words&nbsp;starting&nbsp;with&nbsp;that&nbsp;letter.'''
+
|}
+
  
{{CompactTOC8|name=Words starting with|center=yes|side=yes|q=|w=|x=|z=|custom1=Å|custom2=Ä|custom3=Ö}}
+
To find and use specific types of Swedish records, you will need to know some key words in Swedish. This section lists key genealogical terms in English and the Swedish words with the same or similar meanings.
  
|}
+
For example, in the first column you will find the English word ''marriage''. In the second column you will find Swedish words with meanings such as ''marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,''and other words used in Swedish records to indicate marriage.
 
+
==== A  ====
+
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
+
{| width="80%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
| adel <br>adelsman <br>aderton(de) <br>adlig <br>adopterad <br>adress <br>adressbok <br>afton <br>aldrig <br>alla, allt <br>alltid <br>andra <br>andtäppa <br>anfall <br>angiven <br>ankom <br>anmärkningar <br>annan <br>antavla <br>april <br>arbetare <br>arkiv <br>arrendator <br>arton <br>arv <br>arvinge <br>arvskifte <br>att <br>attest <br>augusti <br>av <br>avgift <br>avgång <br>avgått <br>avgått med döden <br>avliden <br>avskedad <br>avsomna
+
|  
| nobility <br>nobleman <br>eighteen (eighteenth) <br>noble <br>adopted <br>address <br>directory <br>evening <br>never <br>all <br>always <br>second, others <br>shortness of breath, asthma <br>seizure(s) <br>given, stated <br>came, arrived <br>remarks, annotations <br>other <br>pedigree chart <br>April <br>worker, laborer <br>archive <br>tenant farmer, leaseholder <br>eighteen <br>inheritance <br>heir <br>distribution of an inherited estate <br>that (know that he died) <br>certificate <br>August <br>of <br>fee <br>departure <br>moved <br>died (departed through death) <br>deceased, death <br>discharged, resigned <br>die, death
+
English <br>banns <br>birth <br>burial <br>child <br>christening <br>clerical survey <br>confirmation <br>death <br>father <br>female <br>household, examination roll <br>husband <br>index <br>male <br>marriage
|}
+
  
==== B  ====
+
military <br>mother <br>moving in <br>moving out <br>name, given <br>name, surname <br>parents <br>parish <br>probate <br>wife <br>year
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="80%" border="0"
+
|  
|-
+
Swedish <br>lysning <br>födda, födde, född, födelse <br>begravning <br>barn <br>döpta, döpte, döpt, döpelse, dop <br>husförhörslängd <br>konfirmation <br>döda, döde, död, avliden, avsomna <br>far, fader <br>kvinnkön, kvinna <br>husförhörslängd, förhör <br>  
| backe <br>backstugusittare <br>bagare <br>bakom <br>baptist <br>bar <br>bara <br>bar barnet <br>barn <br>barnbarn <br>barnbok <br>barnlös <br>barnmorska <br>barnsbörd, barnsäng <br>befolkning <br>begrava <br>begravning <br>begravningsplats <br>begått H(errens) H(eliga) Nattvard <br>benämd <br>berg <br>bergslag <br>bergsman <br>beskattning <br>beskrivning <br>besökare <br>betjänt <br>bettlare <br>betyg <br>bevaka <br>bevis <br>bevistat läsförhören <br>beväring <br>beväringsman <br>bilaga <br>biografi <br>blind <br>bliva <br>blödning <br>bo <br>bok <br>bokhållare <br>bonde <br>borg <br>borgare <br>borgmästare <br>borta <br>bortgift <br>bostad <br>boupptekning <br>bredvid <br>bro <br>bror <br>brorsdotter <br>brorsson <br>brud <br>brudfolk <br>brudgum <br>brudpar <br>bruk <br>brukare <br>bruksarbetare <br>bryggare <br>bräcklighet <br>bröllop <br>bröstarvinge <br>bröstfeber <br>bröstsjuka <br>bröstvärk <br>by <br>bygd <br>byggmästare <br>båda <br>båtsman <br>bägge <br>bägges barn <br>böcker <br>böld <br>böter <br>bötfälld
+
| hill <br>one who owned a small cottage, dugout dweller <br>baker <br>behind <br>Baptist <br>carried <br>only <br>carried or held the child (at baptism font) <br>child(ren) <br>grandchild(ren) <br>preconfirmation roll (in Finland) <br>childless <br>midwife <br>childbirth <br>population <br>bury <br>burial <br>cemetery <br>taken the Lord's Holy Communion <br>called <br>hill, mountain <br>mining district <br>miner <br>taxation <br>description <br>customs official (archaic), visitor (modern) <br>servant, civil servant <br>beggar <br>certificate <br>protect <br>certificate, proof, evidence <br>present at household examination (clerical survey) <br>conscript <br>recruit <br>supplement, enclosure <br>biography <br>blind <br>to become <br>bleeding <br>to live, home, estate <br>book <br>bookkeeper <br>farmer <br>castle, fortress <br>citizen, burgher <br>mayor <br>absent <br>married elsewhere <br>domicile <br>estate inventory, probate <br>next to <br>bridge <br>brother <br>niece, brother's daughter <br>nephew, brother's son <br>bride <br>bridal couple <br>bridegroom <br>bridal couple <br>foundry, mill, iron industry <br>tenant farmer, leaseholder <br>foundryman, mill hand, iron worker <br>brewer <br>frailty <br>wedding <br>heir <br>pneumonia <br>chest illness, pneumonia <br>chest pain <br>village <br>countryside, region, area <br>contractor, builder <br>both <br>seaman, sailor <br>both <br>child of both parents <br>books <br>abscess, boil <br>fee, fine <br>fined
+
|}
+
  
==== C  ====
+
man, make <br>register <br>mankön, man <br>vigda, vigde, vigd, vigsel, gift, gifte, giftermål, bröllop, brudfolk <br>militär, soldat <br>mor, moder <br>inflyttning <br>utflyttning <br>förnamn <br>efternamn <br>föräldrar <br>socken, församling, kommun <br>boupptekning <br>hustru, maka <br>år
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| circa (ca.) (Latin) <br>civilregistret <br>coopvaerdi
 
| about, approximately <br>civil registrar <br>merchant marine
 
|}
 
 
==== D  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| dag <br>dagkarl <br>dal <br>Danmark <br>danneman <br>dansk <br>datum <br>de <br>december <br>de där <br>de här <br>deja <br>demoiselle <br>den <br>den där <br>den här <br>deras <br>dess <br>det <br>det där <br>det här <br>diarre <br>difteri <br>dom <br>domare <br>dombok <br>domsaga <br>dop <br>doplängd <br>dopnamn <br>dotter <br>dragon <br>drunknad <br>dräng <br>duplikat <br>dygn <br>då <br>där <br>därstädes <br>död, döda, döde <br>dödbok <br>dödfödd <br>dödslista <br>dödsorsak <br>död utan bröstarvinge <br>döpt, döpta, döpte, döpelse <br>dött <br>döv
 
| day <br>day laborer <br>valley <br>Denmark <br>farmer, gentleman <br>Danish <br>date <br>they <br>December <br>those <br>these <br>maidservant, milkmaid <br>Miss <br>the, it <br>that <br>this <br>their <br>his, her, its <br>the, it <br>that <br>this <br>diarrhea <br>diphtheria <br>sentence, judgment <br>judge <br>court record <br>judicial district <br>baptism, christening <br>record of baptisms <br>given name <br>daughter <br>light cavalryman <br>drowned <br>farmhand, bachelor <br>duplicate record <br>24 hours, day <br>then <br>there <br>(of) that place <br>dead, death <br>death record <br>stillborn <br>death record <br>cause of death <br>died without issue <br>christening <br>has died <br>deaf
 
|}
 
 
==== E  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| efter <br>efterkommande <br>eftermiddag <br>efternamn <br>efter sig lämnat <br>egendom <br>ej <br>eldsvåda <br>elfte <br>eller <br>elva <br>emigrerade <br>en, ett <br>en/ett hundra(de) <br>en/ett tusen(de) <br>enligt <br>ett, en <br>evangelisk
 
| after <br>descendant(s) <br>afternoon <br>surname <br>left behind, survived by <br>property <br>not <br>extensive fire <br>eleventh <br>or <br>eleven <br>emigrated <br>a, one <br>one hundred (one-hundredth) <br>one thousand (one-thousandth) <br>according to <br>a, one <br>evangelical
 
|}
 
 
==== F  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="90%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| fabrik <br>fabriksarbetare <br>fadder <br>fader <br>falla <br>fallande sot <br>familj <br>far <br>farbror <br>farfar <br>farmor <br>fasta <br>faster <br>fattig <br>fattighjon <br>fattighus <br>f. d. (före detta) <br>feber <br>feberfrossa <br>februari <br>fem(te) <br>femtio(nde) <br>femton(de) <br>finländare, finne <br>finsk <br>fiskare <br>fjol (i fjol) <br>fjorton(de) <br>fjärde <br>fjärdingsman <br>flicka <br>flicknamn <br>flytta <br>flyttningsbetyg <br>fogde <br>folio <br>fortsättning (forts.) <br>fosterbarn <br>fosterland <br>framför <br>fredag <br>frejd <br>friherre <br>frossa <br>fru <br>från <br>frånskild <br>frälse <br>frälsegård, frälsehemman <br>främmande <br>fröken <br>fylleri <br>fyra <br>fyrtio(nde) <br>fältfeber <br>fältskär <br>fältväbel <br>fästekvinna <br>fästman <br>fästmö <br>fästning <br>född, födda, födde, födelse <br>föddes <br>födelsebok <br>födelsedag <br>födelselängd <br>födelseort <br>följande <br>för <br>fördelsman <br>före <br>föregående <br>förelyst <br>förening <br>förfäder <br>förgiftad <br>förhör <br>förklara <br>förlossning <br>förlovad <br>förlovning <br>förmiddag <br>förmyndare <br>förnamn <br>förra giftet <br>förre, (den) <br>förrätta <br>församling <br>församlingsbok <br>första <br>första gången <br>förstoppning <br>försvarslös <br>förteckning <br>föräldralös <br>föräldrar
 
| factory, mill <br>factory worker <br>christening witness, godparent <br>father <br>fall, to be killed in war <br>epilepsy <br>family <br>father <br>paternal uncle <br>paternal grandfather <br>paternal grandmother <br>fast, Lent <br>paternal aunt <br>poor <br>pauper <br>poorhouse <br>former(ly) <br>fever <br>malaria <br>February <br>five (fifth) <br>fifty (fiftieth) <br>fifteen (fifteenth) <br>Finn <br>Finnish <br>fisherman <br>last year <br>fourteen (fourteenth) <br>fourth <br>parish constable <br>girl <br>maiden name <br>move <br>certificate of moving <br>sheriff, bailiff, warden <br>page <br>continued <br>foster child <br>native land, fatherland <br>in front of <br>Friday <br>a person's character, conduct <br>baron <br>malaria <br>Mrs. <br>from <br>divorced <br>nobility <br>tax-exempt farm (farm owned by a nobleman who collected the tax) <br>foreign, strange, belonging to another parish <br>Miss <br>drunkenness <br>four <br>forty (fortieth) <br>typhoid fever <br>assistant army surgeon, barber- surgeon <br>sergeant major <br>fiancée (female) <br>fiancé (male) <br>fiancée (female) <br>fortress <br>born, birth <br>was born <br>birth record <br>birthday <br>birth record <br>place of birth <br>following, next <br>for <br>person receiving support after giving his estate to another <br>before <br>previous, preceding <br>banns (in Finland) <br>society <br>forefathers <br>poisoned <br>household examination <br>declared, explained <br>birth <br>engaged <br>engagement <br>morning, forenoon <br>guardian <br>given name <br>previous marriage <br>former <br>perform <br>parish, congregation <br>clerical survey <br>first <br>first time <br>constipation <br>unemployed person, vagrant <br>list <br>orphan <br>parents
 
|}
 
 
==== G  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| gamla <br>gamla boken (G.B.) <br>gammal <br>garvare <br>gata <br>genast <br>genealogi <br>genom <br>gesäll <br>gift <br>gifta sig <br>gifte <br>giftermål <br>giftoman <br>gikt <br>god <br>gosse <br>granne <br>gratialist <br>grav <br>grekisk katolsk <br>grenadjär <br>greve <br>gruva <br>gräns <br>gudfader <br>gudmoder <br>gulsot <br>gång <br>gård <br>gåvor <br>gäll (gäld) <br>gästgivare <br>gördelmakare
 
| old <br>old book, previous clerical survey <br>old <br>tanner <br>street <br>right away, immediately <br>genealogy <br>through <br>journeyman <br>married <br>to marry <br>marriage <br>marriage ceremony <br>bride's sponsor <br>gout <br>good <br>boy <br>neighbor <br>receiving a pension or cash from some special fund <br>grave <br>Eastern Orthodox <br>infantryman <br>count (title of nobility) <br>mine <br>boundary line, border <br>godfather <br>godmother <br>jaundice <br>time <br>farm, house <br>donations <br>clerical district <br>innkeeper <br>brazier
 
|}
 
 
==== H  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="70%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| halv- <br>halvsyskon <br>hammarsmed <br>han <br>handelsman <br>handskmakare <br>hans <br>hantverkare <br>hattmakare <br>hava <br>havande <br>hederlig <br>helig <br>hem <br>hemma <br>hemman <br>hemmansbrukare <br>hemmansägare <br>hemort <br>hemvist <br>henne <br>heraldik <br>herr <br>Herren <br>herrgård <br>hetsig feber <br>hinderlös <br>hinderlöshetsbetyg <br>historia <br>hittebarn <br>hjon <br>hjulmakare <br>hjärnblödning <br>hjärtslag <br>hon <br>honom <br>hos <br>hosta <br>hovrätt <br>hur <br>hus <br>husar <br>husbonde <br>husfader <br>husfolk <br>husförhör, husförhörslängd <br>husman <br>husmoder <br>hustru <br>hyresgäst <br>håll och stygn <br>här <br>härad <br>häradsrätt <br>härstädes <br>hög <br>höger <br>höst
 
| half-, step- <br>half siblings <br>forging smith <br>he <br>merchant <br>glove maker <br>his <br>artisan <br>hatmaker <br>to have <br>pregnant <br>honorable, honest <br>holy <br>home <br>at home <br>farm, homestead <br>farmer <br>farmer, homeowner <br>residence <br>domicile <br>her <br>heraldry <br>Mr. <br>Lord <br>manorial estate <br>inflammatory fever <br>free, unhindered (to travel, marry) <br>certificate of being unhindered <br>history <br>foundling <br>pauper, person receiving social assistance <br>wheelwright <br>stroke, cerebral hemorrhage <br>cardiac arrest <br>she <br>him <br>at, in, with <br>cough <br>circuit court of appeal <br>how <br>house <br>light cavalryman <br>farmer <br>head of household, father <br>farmers, farm people <br>clerical survey, household examination <br>farm laborer (owned house but not land) <br>female head of household, mother <br>wife <br>lodger <br>pneumonia <br>here <br>civil district within a county <br>district court <br>here, at given location <br>high <br>right <br>autumn
 
|}
 
 
==== I  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="40%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| i <br>icke <br>i dag <br>i fjol <br>ifrån <br>i går <br>i morgon <br>inflyttning <br>ingen <br>inget <br>inhyses <br>innehåll <br>innevarande <br>invandrare <br>invandring
 
| in <br>not <br>today <br>last year <br>from <br>yesterday <br>tomorrow <br>incoming, moving in <br>no, no one, none <br>nothing, none <br>lodger, tenant <br>contents <br>current <br>immigrant <br>immigration
 
|}
 
 
==== J  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| januari <br>jord <br>jordbrukare <br>jordebok <br>jordegumma <br>jordfästning <br>jude <br>judisk <br>jul <br>juli <br>jungfru <br>juni <br>jägare <br>jägmästare
 
| January <br>earth, soil, land <br>farmer <br>land record <br>midwife <br>funeral, burial service <br>Jew <br>Jewish <br>Christmas <br>July <br>Miss, maiden, virgin <br>June <br>hunter <br>forester
 
|}
 
 
==== K  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="70%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| kallad <br>kammarskrivare <br>kapellförsamling <br>kaplan <br>karl <br>karta <br>katalog <br>katekismilängd <br>katolsk <br>kavallerist <br>kikhosta <br>klensmed <br>kommunionbok <br>klockare <br>kofferdi <br>kolare <br>kolera <br>kolik <br>kommen ifrån <br>komminister <br>kommun <br>kommunikant <br>konfirmation <br>kontrahenterna <br>kontrakt <br>konung, kung <br>kopparslagare <br>koppor <br>kramp <br>krigsarkiv <br>kristendomskunskap <br>kristnad <br>krono- <br>kronohemman <br>krukmakare <br>kräfta <br>kung, konung <br>kungarike <br>kunglig <br>kusin <br>kvarlåtenskap <br>kvarn <br>kvarter <br>kvinna, kvinnkjön <br>kväll <br>kvävning <br>kyrka <br>kyrkobok <br>kyrkoby <br>kyrkogång <br>kyrkogård <br>kyrkoherde <br>kyrkosocken <br>kyrkotagen <br>kyrkovaktare <br>kyrkovärd <br>käresta <br>kön <br>köping <br>köpman <br>körsnär
 
| called, named <br>assistant clerk <br>chapelry, dependent branch of a parish <br>assistant minister <br>man, male <br>map <br>directory, catalog <br>communion record <br>Catholic <br>cavalryman <br>whooping cough <br>toolmaker, locksmith <br>communion book <br>parish clerk <br>merchant marine <br>charcoal burner <br>cholera <br>colic <br>came from <br>assistant minister <br>township, municipality, parish <br>person receiving communion <br>confirmation <br>marriage applicants <br>deanery (clerical district) <br>king <br>coppersmith <br>smallpox <br>convulsions <br>war archive, military archive <br>religious knowledge <br>christened, baptized <br>belonging to the crown (government) <br>farm owned by the crown (government) <br>potter <br>cancer <br>king <br>kingdom <br>royal <br>cousin <br>possessions left after death <br>mill <br>block, quarter <br>woman, female <br>evening <br>suffocation <br>church <br>parish register <br>village in which the parish church is located <br>introduction of mother into congregation after childbirth <br>churchyard, cemetery <br>parish minister <br>ecclesiastical parish <br>introduction of mother into congregation after childbirth <br>church officer <br>church or parish warden <br>loved one, wife <br>sex, gender <br>small town <br>merchant <br>furrier
 
|}
 
 
==== L  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="60%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| lag <br>laga år kommen <br>land <br>landsarkiv <br>landsförsamling <br>landskap <br>lapp <br>ledig <br>leva <br>levande <br>lik <br>lilla <br>liten <br>lots <br>lucka <br>lunginflammation <br>lungsot <br>luteran, lutersk <br>lysning <br>lyst <br>låg <br>lägersmål <br>lägrad kvinna <br>lägre <br>läkare <br>län <br>längd <br>länsman <br>lärare <br>lärling <br>lönskaläge <br>löpande <br>lördag <br>lösdrivare
 
| law <br>of legal age <br>land, country <br>provincial archive <br>rural parish of a city <br>province <br>Lapp <br>unmarried, free <br>to live <br>living <br>corpse <br>little, small <br>little, small <br>sea pilot <br>gap (missing records) <br>pneumonia <br>consumption, tuberculosis <br>Lutheran <br>banns <br>posted banns <br>low <br>illicit relations <br>woman who has had illicit relations <br>lower <br>doctor <br>county <br>roll, record, book <br>sheriff <br>teacher <br>apprentice <br>illicit relations between unmarried persons <br>current <br>Saturday <br>vagrant
 
|}
 
 
==== M  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="70%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| magref <br>magsjukdom <br>magvärk <br>maj <br>maka <br>makarnas gemensamma barn <br>make <br>mamsell <br>man, mankjön <br>mantal <br>mantalskriven <br>mantalslängd <br>marknad <br>mars <br>maskinist <br>matros <br>med <br>medborgare <br>medlem <br>mellan <br>men <br>middag <br>midnatt <br>militär <br>minderårig <br>mindre <br>ministerialbok <br>minut <br>mjölnare <br>moder, mor <br>morbror <br>morfar <br>morgon <br>morgongåva <br>mormor <br>mosaisk <br>moster <br>mot <br>murare <br>mycket <br>myndig <br>måg <br>målsman <br>månad <br>måndag <br>mässling <br>mästare <br>mördad
 
| colic <br>stomach disease <br>stomachache <br>May <br>wife <br>child(ren) a couple had together <br>husband <br>Miss <br>man, male, husband <br>assessed unit of land <br>registered for tax/census purposes <br>tax/census record <br>market, fair <br>March <br>machinist, engineer <br>sailor, seaman <br>with <br>citizen <br>member <br>between <br>but <br>noon <br>midnight <br>military <br>underage <br>lesser, smaller <br>parish register <br>minute <br>miller <br>mother <br>maternal uncle <br>maternal grandfather <br>morning <br>morning gift, dowry <br>maternal grandmother <br>Jewish <br>maternal aunt <br>against, toward <br>mason <br>very, much <br>of legal age <br>son-in-law <br>guardian <br>month <br>Monday <br>measles <br>master <br>murdered
 
|}
 
 
==== N  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| namn <br>natt <br>nattvard <br>nedan(för) <br>nedkomst <br>nedre <br>nervfeber <br>nio(nde) <br>nittio(nde) <br>nitton(de) <br>noll <br>nord <br>Norge <br>norr(a) <br>norsk <br>november <br>nu <br>nummer <br>ny(a) <br>nya boken (N.B.) <br>nybyggare <br>nyfödd <br>nytt <br>någon <br>något <br>nämdeman <br>när <br>nära <br>närvarande <br>närvaro <br>nöddop
 
| name <br>night <br>communion <br>below <br>birth <br>lower <br>typhoid fever <br>nine (ninth) <br>ninety (nintieth) <br>nineteen (nineteenth) <br>zero <br>north <br>Norway <br>north, northern <br>Norwegian <br>November <br>now <br>number <br>new <br>new book, next clerical survey <br>settler <br>newborn <br>new <br>someone, anyone <br>something, somewhat <br>juryman <br>when <br>near <br>present <br>presence <br>emergency baptism
 
|}
 
 
==== O  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="60%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| oangiven <br>obefintliga <br>och <br>också <br>odaterad <br>odöpt <br>ofta <br>ofärdig <br>ogift <br>oktober <br>okänd <br>olycka <br>om <br>omkommen <br>omkring <br>omvändelse <br>omyndig <br>onsdag <br>ordbok <br>orsak <br>ort <br>ortförteckning <br>ortodox <br>otidigt sängelag <br>ovan, ovanför <br>oäkta
 
| not given <br>persons whose residence is not known <br>and <br>also <br>not dated <br>not christened <br>often <br>lame, crippled <br>unmarried <br>October <br>unknown <br>accident, misfortune <br>if, about <br>died accidentally, drowned <br>about <br>conversion <br>minor <br>Wednesday <br>dictionary <br>cause, reason <br>place <br>locality list, gazetteer <br>(Eastern) Orthodox <br>conceived before marriage <br>above <br>illegitimate (child)
 
|}
 
 
==== P  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="60%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| pastor <br>pastorat <br>pastorsexpedition <br>pest <br>piga <br>pilt(ebarn) <br>pingst <br>pliktad <br>pojke <br>profoss <br>prost <br>prosteri <br>präst <br>prästgård <br>på <br>påsk <br>påssjuka
 
| parish minister <br>parish <br>parish office <br>plague <br>maid, maiden, servant girl <br>boy, male child <br>Pentecost, Whitsunday <br>fined <br>boy <br>flogmaster (military) <br>dean <br>deanery <br>minister <br>parsonage <br>on, upon, at (some place), in (about time) <br>Easter <br>mumps
 
|}
 
 
==== R  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="70%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| regemente <br>register <br>repslagare <br>Riddarhuset <br>rike <br>riksarkiv <br>rote <br>rotehjon <br>rotesoldat <br>rulla <br>rusthåll <br>rusthållare <br>rymt, rymd <br>rysk, ryss <br>Ryssland <br>ryttare <br>rådhusrätt <br>rådman <br>rådstu(gu)rätt <br>räkenskapslängd <br>rätt <br>rättare <br>rödsot
 
| regiment <br>register, index <br>rope maker <br>house of nobility <br>state, realm <br>national archives, state archives <br>district within a parish <br>person supported by a parish district <br>soldier for a district in a parish <br>record, roll <br>farm equipping a (cavalry) soldier <br>owner of a farm equipping a cavalry soldier <br>runaway <br>Russian <br>Russia <br>cavalryman <br>city court <br>councilman <br>city court <br>records of accounts <br>court, right, correct <br>farm foreman <br>dysentery
 
|}
 
 
==== S  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="90%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| sakna(s) <br>salig <br>samhälle <br>samma <br>sammanavla <br>samma städes <br>samt <br>samtycke <br>scharlakansfeber <br>sedan <br>sekel <br>senare, (den) <br>sent <br>september <br>sex <br>sexman <br>sextio(nde) <br>sexton(de) <br>sida <br>sig <br>sin, sitt, sina <br>sinnessvag <br>sju <br>sjuk <br>sjukdom <br>sjunde <br>sjuttio(nde) <br>sjutton(de) <br>självmord <br>sjätte <br>sjö <br>sjöman <br>skarprättare <br>skarpskytt <br>skatt <br>skattehemman <br>skeppare <br>skilsmässa <br>skog <br>skogvaktare <br>skola <br>skollärare <br>skomakare <br>skrud <br>skräddare <br>slag(anfall) <br>slagsmål <br>slaktare <br>slot <br>slut <br>släkt <br>släktbok <br>släktforskning <br>släkting <br>släktled <br>smed <br>smittkoppor <br>små (plural) <br>snatteri <br>snickare <br>socken <br>soldat <br>som <br>sommar <br>son <br>sondotter <br>sonhustru <br>sonson <br>spannmålstorpare <br>spinnare <br>spridda år <br>stad <br>stadsarkiv <br>stadsförsamling <br>stamfader <br>stamtavla <br>statare, statdräng <br>stattorpare <br>stenhuggare <br>stift <br>stor, stort, stora <br>straff <br>straffarbete <br>strax <br>stuga <br>stum <br>stupa <br>styrman <br>styv- <br>styvson <br>stånd <br>ståndsperson <br>stärbhus <br>stöld <br>svaghet <br>svagsint <br>sven <br>svensk <br>Sverige <br>svullnad <br>svulst <br>svåger <br>svägerska <br>svärfar <br>svärmor <br>svärson <br>syd <br>syskon <br>syskonbarn <br>syssling <br>syster <br>systerdotter <br>systerson <br>syting <br>såg <br>sågställare <br>säteri <br>söder (södra) <br>söndag
 
| miss, missing <br>the deceased, blessed <br>community <br>(the) same <br>beget, conceive <br>(of) the same place <br>and, together with <br>permission, consent (to) <br>scarlet fever <br>since <br>century <br>later, the latter <br>late <br>September <br>six <br>parish caretaker <br>sixty (sixtieth) <br>sixteen (sixteenth) <br>page <br>himself, herself, itself <br>his, her, its (own) <br>feebleminded <br>seven <br>sick <br>sickness <br>seventh <br>seventy (seventieth) <br>seventeen (seventeenth) <br>suicide <br>sixth <br>lake <br>sailor, seaman <br>executioner, hangman <br>sharpshooter <br>tax <br>farm on which taxes are to be paid to the crown (government) <br>skipper <br>divorce <br>forest <br>forester <br>school <br>schoolteacher <br>shoemaker <br>gown (bridal) <br>tailor <br>stroke <br>fight <br>meat cutter, butcher <br>castle <br>end <br>family, clan <br>lineage book <br>genealogy <br>relative <br>generation <br>blacksmith <br>smallpox <br>little, small <br>pilfering <br>carpenter <br>parish <br>soldier <br>who, which, that <br>summer <br>son <br>son's daughter, granddaughter <br>son's wife, daughter-in-law <br>son's son, grandson <br>tenant farmer, receiving part of his wages in grain <br>spinner <br>intermittent years <br>city <br>city archives <br>city parish <br>progenitor <br>descendancy chart <br>farm laborer <br>farm laborer, usually married <br>stonecutter <br>diocese <br>large, big, great <br>punishment <br>hard labor <br>right away, immediately <br>cottage, house <br>dumb, mute <br>to be killed in war <br>mate, on ship <br>step- <br>stepson <br>status, condition <br>person of social standing <br>death estate <br>theft <br>weakness, feebleness <br>feebleminded <br>young man, apprentice <br>Swedish <br>Sweden <br>swelling, bloating <br>tumor <br>brother-in-law <br>sister-in-law <br>father-in-law <br>mother-in-law <br>son-in-law <br>south <br>siblings <br>nephew(s), niece(s), cousin(s) <br>second cousin <br>sister <br>niece, sister's daughter <br>nephew, sister's son <br>person receiving support after giving his estate to another <br>saw, sawmill <br>saw setter <br>freehold estate <br>south (southern) <br>Sunday
 
|}
 
 
==== T  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| testamente <br>tid <br>tidskrift <br>tiggare <br>till <br>tillsammans <br>tillstånd <br>timma <br>timmerman <br>ting <br>tingslag <br>tio(nde) <br>tionde <br>tiondebok <br>tisdag <br>tjugo <br>tjugoandra <br>tjugoen, tjugoett <br>tjugofem(te) <br>tjugofjärde <br>tjugofyra <br>tjugoförsta <br>tjugonde <br>tjugonio (nde) <br>tjugosex <br>tjugosju(nde) <br>tjugosjätte <br>tjugotre <br>tjugotredje <br>tjugotvå <br>tjugoåtta <br>tjugoåttonde <br>tjuv <br>tjänar <br>tjänare <br>tjänst <br>tolfte <br>tolv <br>torpare <br>torsdag <br>tre (tredje) <br>trettio <br>trettioen, trettioett <br>trettioförsta <br>trettionde <br>tretton(de) <br>trillingar <br>trolovade <br>trumslagare <br>trädgårdsmästare <br>tuberkulos <br>tumör <br>tunnbindare <br>tvillingar <br>tvinsot <br>två <br>två hundra(de) <br>tyfus <br>tysk <br>Tyskland <br>tärande sjukdom
 
| will <br>time <br>periodical <br>beggar <br>to <br>together <br>dispensation, permission <br>hour <br>carpenter, builder <br>court <br>judicial district, assize division <br>ten (tenth) <br>tenth, tithing <br>tithing record <br>Tuesday <br>twenty <br>twenty-second <br>twenty-one <br>twenty-five (twenty-fifth) <br>twenty-fourth <br>twenty-four <br>twenty-first <br>twentieth <br>twenty-nine (twenty-ninth) <br>twenty-six <br>twenty-seven (twenty-seventh) <br>twenty-sixth <br>twenty-three <br>twenty-third <br>twenty-two <br>twenty-eight <br>twenty-eighth <br>thief <br>serves <br>servant <br>service, employment <br>twelfth <br>twelve <br>crofter, cottager <br>Thursday <br>three (third) <br>thirty <br>thirty-one <br>thirty-first <br>thirtieth <br>thirteen (thirteenth) <br>triplets <br>betrothed, engaged <br>drummer <br>gardener <br>tuberculosis <br>tumor <br>barrelmaker <br>twins <br>withering from multiple causes <br>two <br>two hundred (two-hundredth) <br>typhoid <br>German <br>Germany <br>pneumonia, consumption
 
|}
 
 
==== U  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| undantag <br>undantagsman kvinna <br>under <br>underskrift <br>undertecknad <br>ung <br>ungkarl <br>uppgavs <br>utan <br>utanför <br>utdrag <br>utesluten <br>utflyttning <br>utländsk <br>utvandrare <br>utvandring
 
| support after giving up an estate <br>person receiving support after giving his estate to another <br>under <br>signature <br>the undersigned <br>young <br>bachelor <br>stated, given, declared <br>without <br>outside <br>extract <br>excommunicated <br>moving out <br>foreign <br>emigrant <br>emigration
 
|}
 
 
==== V  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| vad <br>vagnmakare <br>vaktmästare <br>vallon <br>vandel <br>vapen <br>var <br>var <br>vara <br>varför <br>vattenkoppor <br>vattusot, vattensot <br>vecka <br>vem <br>venerisk sjukdom <br>verk <br>vid <br>vigd, vigda, vigde <br>vigsel <br>vigselbok <br>vigsellängd <br>vilja <br>vilken, vilket, vilka <br>vinter <br>vittne <br>volym <br>våda <br>vår <br>välboren <br>välfrejdad <br>vänster <br>värk <br>värnplikt <br>väster (västra) <br>vävare
 
| what <br>cartwright <br>caretaker <br>Walloon <br>conduct, habits, way of life <br>coat of arms, weapon <br>each, everyone <br>was, where <br>to be <br>why <br>chicken pox <br>edema, dropsy <br>week <br>who <br>venereal disease <br>factory, mill <br>at, on, close to, by <br>married <br>marriage ceremony <br>marriage book <br>marriage record <br>to want, will <br>who, which, that <br>winter <br>witness <br>volume <br>accident <br>our, spring <br>of noble birth <br>of good reputation <br>left <br>ache <br>military service <br>west (western) <br>weaver
 
|}
 
 
==== Y  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| yngling <br>yrke
 
| young man, boy <br>profession, occupation
 
|}
 
 
==== Å  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="70%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| å <br>å <br>åbo <br>ålder <br>ålderdom <br>år <br>århundrade <br>årlig <br>årtionde <br>åt <br>återvänd <br>åtta <br>åttio(nde) <br>åttonde
 
| at, on, to <br>river <br>tenant farmer with conditional, inherited lease <br>age <br>old age <br>year <br>century <br>annual, yearly <br>decade <br>to <br>returned <br>eight <br>eighty (eightieth) <br>eighth
 
|}
 
 
==== Ä  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| äga <br>ägare <br>ägor <br>äkta <br>äktenskap <br>äldre <br>äldste <br>ämbete <br>änka <br>änkeman, änkling <br>ännu <br>är <br>ärlig <br>ätt
 
| own <br>owner <br>land, property <br>legitimate <br>marriage <br>older, elder <br>oldest, eldest, elder <br>office <br>widow <br>widower <br>yet, still <br>are, is, am <br>honest <br>family
 
|}
 
 
==== Ö  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="50%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| ö <br>öde <br>öga <br>öra <br>öster (östra) <br>över <br>överlevande <br>övre
 
| island <br>vacant, fate <br>eye <br>ear <br>east (eastern) <br>over <br>survivor(s) <br>upper
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
[[Category:Word_List|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Sweden|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Finland|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Germany|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Denmark|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Norway|Swedish Genealogical]]
+
[[Category:Word_List|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Finland|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Germany|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Denmark|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Norway|Swedish Genealogical]] [[Category:Language_Tools_for_Swedish_Research]]

Revision as of 15:33, 16 May 2012

Back to Sweden

The Swedish Genealogical Word List shows Swedish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Swedish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Swedish-English dictionary. (See "Additional Resources" below.)

Swedish is a Germanic language like Danish, Norwegian, and Icelandic. A major spelling and grammar reform was introduced in Sweden in 1917. The spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below, along with the English to Swedish Word list are designed to help you find the words you need.

The entire Swedish to English word list is available in PDF see File:Swedish to English Word List from the FamilySearch Wiki May 2011.pdf.

Links to Swedish Genealogical Words (Swedish to English by the first letter)
A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P
Q R S T U V, W X, Y, Z Å
Ä Ö


Links to English to Swedish Genealogical Words (alphabetical by the first letter)
A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P
Q R S T U V, W X, Y, Z Numbers


Contents

LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS

Swedish is spoken in Sweden and parts of Finland. The Swedish language was used in official records of Finland until the end of the 1800s.

Variant Forms of Words

In Swedish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. Who—whose—whom or marry—marries— married are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list. Also, vowels sometimes have diacritical marks indicating a variant spelling of a Swedish word (for example the conjugation of a verb.) Note the following examples:

man
mannen
män
männen
man
the man
men
the men
yrke
yrket
yrken
yrkena
profession
the profession
professions
the professions

Alphabetical Order

Swedish has three additional letters not found in the English alphabet: Å (å), Ä (ä), and Ö (ö). Alphabetically, these letters come after z. The letter Å (å) was always used in Swedish as a letter of its own (unlike the Aa in Danish and Norwegian). Swedish dictionaries, indexes, thePlace Search of the Family History Library Catalog, and this word list use the following alphabetical order:

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö


Spelling

ä
i
j
k
t
v
tj
sk
s
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
used for
e
j
g, gj, hj, lj, dj
ck, ch, g, gg, c, q
d, th, tt
hv, fv, ffv, f, w
k, kj, ch
skj, sch, sj, stj
ss, c, z

Examples:

änka
mjölnare
kärr
spelled as
spelled as
spelled as
enka
miölnare
tjärr

Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common.

b used for p

c used for k

d used for t

f used for v

g used for k

i used for j

x used for ks

q used for k

w used for v

e used for ä

u used for v

ch used for k

tj used for ki

Examples:

skov spelled as schov

kvinna spelled as qvinna

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

This word list includes only words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use a Swedish-English dictionary. Several Swedish-English dictionaries are available at the Family History Library. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.7321.

The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use inFamily History Centers:

Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under SWEDISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES or in the Place Search under SWEDEN - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES - DICTIONARIES.

Key Words

To find and use specific types of Swedish records, you will need to know some key words in Swedish. This section lists key genealogical terms in English and the Swedish words with the same or similar meanings.

For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Swedish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,and other words used in Swedish records to indicate marriage.

English
banns
birth
burial
child
christening
clerical survey
confirmation
death
father
female
household, examination roll
husband
index
male
marriage

military
mother
moving in
moving out
name, given
name, surname
parents
parish
probate
wife
year

Swedish
lysning
födda, födde, född, födelse
begravning
barn
döpta, döpte, döpt, döpelse, dop
husförhörslängd
konfirmation
döda, döde, död, avliden, avsomna
far, fader
kvinnkön, kvinna
husförhörslängd, förhör

man, make
register
mankön, man
vigda, vigde, vigd, vigsel, gift, gifte, giftermål, bröllop, brudfolk
militär, soldat
mor, moder
inflyttning
utflyttning
förnamn
efternamn
föräldrar
socken, församling, kommun
boupptekning
hustru, maka
år