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Kyrkoplikt was used as a punishment by the civil courts (häradsrätt in rural areas, or rådhusrätt in the cities.) For example, a person who had been pardoned from a death sentence could have been judged to pay high fines. If the fines could not be paid, the punishment could have been changed to corporal punishment along with krykoplikt. <br>  
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Kyrkoplikt has its origins as a personal act of reconciliation with God and the members of your home congregation. It was necessary to rejoin the congregation and to receive forgiveness of sins. After a person declared their guilt, and asked for forgiveness by God and their congregation, promising penance and improvement the priest could grant forgiveness.<br>
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The practice of kyrkoplikt was also used as a punishment by the civil courts for a variety of offenses such as blaspheme, striking or abusing another, theft, committing immoralities, bearing false witness, and so on. For example, a person who had been pardoned from a death sentence could have been judged to pay fines. If the fines could not be paid, the punishment could have been changed to corporal punishment along with krykoplikt. In this context the kyrkoplikt was seen as a punishment of humiliation. <br>  
  
 
==== Types of Kyrkoplikt  ====
 
==== Types of Kyrkoplikt  ====
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There were two types of kyrkoplikt, the "uppenbara" and the "enskilda."<br>  
 
There were two types of kyrkoplikt, the "uppenbara" and the "enskilda."<br>  
  
*The '''uppenbara kyrkoplikt''' meant that a person had to go up and stand on the pliktpallen infront of their home congregation during church services and acknowledge their guilt and express repentance. <br>
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*The '''uppenbara kyrkoplikt''' meant that a person had to go up and stand on the pliktpallen in front of their home congregation during church services and acknowledge their guilt and express repentance. <br>
  
*The '''enskilda kyrkoplikt''' meant that a person resumed association with the congregation and had to meet with the priest and a few selected members of the congregation in the sacristy (the priest’s dressing room where the vestments and vessels are stored.) The meeting would take place either before or after the church service. During the meeting the person would acknowledge their guilt and express their repentance. <br>
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*The '''enskilda kyrkoplikt''' meant that a person resumed association with the congregation and had to meet with the priest and a few selected members of the congregation in the sacristy (the priest’s dressing room where the vestments and vessels are stored) or in the church either before or after the church service. During the meeting the person would acknowledge their guilt and express their repentance. <br>
  
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<br>
  
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Through legislation the kyrkoplikt was abolished on May 4, 1855. In 1918 all forms of "church punishment" were discontinued as punishment from a civil court. <br>
  
Through legislation the kyrkoplikt was abolished in 1855. In 1918 all forms of church punishment as judged by a civil court ended. <br>  
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==== Tips  ====
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*In earlier times kyrkoplikt was also called "kyrkliga handling" meaning a church action.
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<br>  
  
 
==== References  ====
 
==== References  ====
  
Swedish Wikipedia at: [http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyrkoplikt http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyrkoplikt]  
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Gernandt, C.E., <u>Nordisk Familjebok</u>, Halmstad 1904 – 1926<br>provided by Projekt Runeberg at [http://runeberg.org/nf/ Projekt Runeberg: Nordisk Familjebok] <br>
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Swedish Wikipedia at: [http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyrkoplikt http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyrkoplikt] <br>
  
 
[[Category:Sweden|Sweden]]
 
[[Category:Sweden|Sweden]]

Latest revision as of 12:02, 20 October 2011

Back to Sweden

Kyrkoplikt has its origins as a personal act of reconciliation with God and the members of your home congregation. It was necessary to rejoin the congregation and to receive forgiveness of sins. After a person declared their guilt, and asked for forgiveness by God and their congregation, promising penance and improvement the priest could grant forgiveness.

The practice of kyrkoplikt was also used as a punishment by the civil courts for a variety of offenses such as blaspheme, striking or abusing another, theft, committing immoralities, bearing false witness, and so on. For example, a person who had been pardoned from a death sentence could have been judged to pay fines. If the fines could not be paid, the punishment could have been changed to corporal punishment along with krykoplikt. In this context the kyrkoplikt was seen as a punishment of humiliation.

Types of Kyrkoplikt

There were two types of kyrkoplikt, the "uppenbara" and the "enskilda."

  • The uppenbara kyrkoplikt meant that a person had to go up and stand on the pliktpallen in front of their home congregation during church services and acknowledge their guilt and express repentance.
  • The enskilda kyrkoplikt meant that a person resumed association with the congregation and had to meet with the priest and a few selected members of the congregation in the sacristy (the priest’s dressing room where the vestments and vessels are stored) or in the church either before or after the church service. During the meeting the person would acknowledge their guilt and express their repentance.


Through legislation the kyrkoplikt was abolished on May 4, 1855. In 1918 all forms of "church punishment" were discontinued as punishment from a civil court.

Tips

  • In earlier times kyrkoplikt was also called "kyrkliga handling" meaning a church action.


References

Gernandt, C.E., Nordisk Familjebok, Halmstad 1904 – 1926
provided by Projekt Runeberg at Projekt Runeberg: Nordisk Familjebok

Swedish Wikipedia at: http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyrkoplikt


 

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  • This page was last modified on 20 October 2011, at 12:02.
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