Swedish Money, Weights, and Measures for Family History Research

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Back to [[Sweden]]►
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As you look for your Swedish ancestors in various records, you will come across references to monetary and weight amounts or measurements. These amounts or measures are often overlooked by people who are focused on creating family structure. Although they are not key to creating family structure, understanding these amounts or measures can richly enhance a family history.  
 
As you look for your Swedish ancestors in various records, you will come across references to monetary and weight amounts or measurements. These amounts or measures are often overlooked by people who are focused on creating family structure. Although they are not key to creating family structure, understanding these amounts or measures can richly enhance a family history.  
  
=== Monetary Systems ===
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=== Monetary Systems ===
The present monetary system in Sweden with krona and öre ('''100 öre to one krona''') did not begin until 1873. Before that time the money units were riksdaler, skilling and runstycke or öre. The riksdaler was divided into 48 skilling, and a skilling consisted of 12 runstycken.
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There were different kinds of riksdaler with different values for different periods – riksdaler specie, riksdaler riksgäld and riksdaler banco. <br>The currency picture is quite confusing through the ages in Sweden, and without a special study of the subject it is difficult to make out. The practical approach for the researcher is to compare the value of the whole estate with some tangible and easy to understand property like pigs, sheep, oxen, horses, and cows. That will give us some idea of the value of the estate—such as, grandpa was worth 6 oxen!
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The present monetary system in Sweden with ''krona'' and ''öre'' ('''100 ''öre'' to one '''''<b>krona</b>'') did not begin until 1873. Before that time the money units were ''riksdaler, skilling'' and ''runstycke'' or ''öre''. The ''riksdaler'' was divided into 48 ''skilling'', and a ''skilling'' consisted of 12 ''runstycken''.  
  
=== Weight Measurements ===
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There were different kinds of ''riksdaler'' with different values for different periods – ''riksdaler specie'', ''riksdaler riksgäld'' and ''riksdaler banco''. <br>The currency picture is quite confusing through the ages in Sweden, and without a special study of the subject it is difficult to make out. The practical approach for the researcher is to compare the value of the whole estate with some tangible and easy to understand property like pigs, sheep, oxen, horses, and cows. That will give us some idea of the value of the estate—such as, grandpa was worth 6 oxen!
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=== Linear Measurements ===
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=== Weight Measurements ===
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=== References ===
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=== Linear Measurements  ===
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&nbsp; ''Mil''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Swedish&nbsp;"mile" equal to 1 ''mil'' = 10 kilometers.&nbsp;
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=== Area (Land) Measurements <br> ===
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&nbsp; ''Tunnland''&nbsp;&nbsp; A land area unit of measure 1 ''tunnland'' = 1.22 (US)&nbsp;acre.
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&nbsp; ''Mantal''&nbsp;&nbsp; Technically, a unit of land productivity rather than actual area and therefore can vary in surface area. Created&nbsp;for taxation purposes. Often divided into fractions.&nbsp;&nbsp;
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Researchers will encounter both ''tunnland ''and ''mantal ''in geographic descriptions of rural land as in C. M. Rosenberg's ''Geografiskt-statististikt handlexikon over&nbsp;Sverige ''(a gazetter, in Swedish from about 1883).&nbsp;
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=== References  ===
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[[Category:Sweden]]
 
[[Category:Sweden]]

Revision as of 22:26, 21 September 2012

Back to Sweden

As you look for your Swedish ancestors in various records, you will come across references to monetary and weight amounts or measurements. These amounts or measures are often overlooked by people who are focused on creating family structure. Although they are not key to creating family structure, understanding these amounts or measures can richly enhance a family history.

Contents

Monetary Systems

The present monetary system in Sweden with krona and öre (100 öre to one krona) did not begin until 1873. Before that time the money units were riksdaler, skilling and runstycke or öre. The riksdaler was divided into 48 skilling, and a skilling consisted of 12 runstycken.

There were different kinds of riksdaler with different values for different periods – riksdaler specie, riksdaler riksgäld and riksdaler banco.
The currency picture is quite confusing through the ages in Sweden, and without a special study of the subject it is difficult to make out. The practical approach for the researcher is to compare the value of the whole estate with some tangible and easy to understand property like pigs, sheep, oxen, horses, and cows. That will give us some idea of the value of the estate—such as, grandpa was worth 6 oxen!

Weight Measurements

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Linear Measurements

  Mil    Swedish "mile" equal to 1 mil = 10 kilometers. 

Area (Land) Measurements

  Tunnland   A land area unit of measure 1 tunnland = 1.22 (US) acre.

  Mantal   Technically, a unit of land productivity rather than actual area and therefore can vary in surface area. Created for taxation purposes. Often divided into fractions.  

Researchers will encounter both tunnland and mantal in geographic descriptions of rural land as in C. M. Rosenberg's Geografiskt-statististikt handlexikon over Sverige (a gazetter, in Swedish from about 1883). 

References

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