Taos County, Colorado

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Colorado]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Taos_County,_Colorado|Taos County]]''<br><br>[[Image:{{Taos1852}}]]The southern part of present-day [[Colorado]] east of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continental_Divide_of_the_Americas Continental Divide] was the northern part of [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos County, New Mexico Territory]] from its creation in [[New Mexico]] Territory in 1846 until 1861 when it was one of the four pieces of other territories used to create the new Colorado Territory.<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 9th ed. (Logan, Utah: Everton Pub., 1999), 274. {{WorldCat|48077118|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1362899|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 1999}}.</ref>  
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| bgcolor="#ffff99" align="center" valign="middle" | <center>[http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg For a map of New Mexico Territory in 1852, '''click here'''.]</center>
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Colorado]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Taos_County,_Colorado|Taos County]]''  
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*'''22 September 1846''' - Taos County was established as one of seven original New Mexico counties under Kearny's Code of Laws for the occupied Mexican territory.<ref>Kearny's Code 1846, "Courts and Judicial Powers,” secs. 5-7/p. 49; Abel, Map #2; Coan, 252; Williams, 108-109</ref><br>
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*'''9 January 1852''' - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Taos County was extended west to the California border including land in present day [[Arizona]] and [[Nevada]].<ref>N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291</ref> <ref>''Original Counties of New Mexico Territory'' (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).</ref>
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*'''1 February 1860''' [[Mora County, New Mexico|Mora County, New Mexico Territory]] was erected from the eastern part of Taos County including part in present-day southern Colorado.<ref name="HBG" />
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*'''28 February 1861''' The northern parts of Taos and Mora counties, formerly New Mexico Territory, were transferred to the newly created Colorado Territory.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Territory (accessed 19 June 2012).</ref>
  
The southern part of present-day [[Colorado]], that is parts of Archuleta, Conejos, Rio Grande, Mineral, Hinsdale, San Juan, Saguache, Alamosa, Costilla, Las Animas, Huerfano, Custer, Pueblo, Otero, Bent, and extreme western edge of Baca counties were part of [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos County, New Mexico Territory]] from its creation in [[New Mexico]] Territory in 1852 until 1860 when the eastern half of Taos County was split off as [[Mora County, Colorado|Mora County]].<ref>Compare 1852 and 1854 maps.</ref> <ref>John Koontz, ''Political History of Nevada, 5th ed.'' (Carson City, Nev.: SPO, 1965), 37-98. {{WorldCat|21179|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}. {{FHL|215840|item|disp=FHL Book 979.3 N2k}}</ref>
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[[Image:Colorado 1860 map.png|right|400px|Colorado 1860 map.png]]A few of the earliest settlers in what is now southern Colorado may have conducted their county business such as recording land deeds in Taos via the [[Santa Fe Trail]]. For records of residents in what later became southern Colorado, check:  
  
:*1852 [[Taos County, New Mexico]] Territory created as an original county from an old Mexican ''partido''. In theory it extended west to the [[California]] border including parts of [[Arizona]] and later [[Nevada]]<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Taos County, New Mexico" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taos_County,_New_Mexico (accessed 8 August 2011).</ref><ref>''Original Counties of New Mexico Territory'' (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).</ref>
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*'''1852 to 1861''' [[Taos County, New Mexico]] records
:*1854 [[Rio Arriba County, New Mexico|Rio Arriba County]] absorbed the western part of [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos County]] in [[New Mexico|New Mexico]] Territory.<ref>J.H. Colton, "Territories of New Mexico and Utah" (map) (New York: Johnson and Browning, 1860?). Digitized at {{ASUT}} (accessed 9 August 2011).</ref><ref>Marion Ellison, ''An inventory and index to the records of Carson County, Utah and Nevada Territories, 1855-1861'' (Reno, Nevada: Grace Dangberg Foundation, 1984), iv. {{Worldcat|11029859|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}. {{FHL|382092|item|disp=FHL Book 979.3 R2e}}.</ref>
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*'''1 February 1860 to 1861''' also check [[Mora County, New Mexico]] records
:*29 December 1863 [[Arizona]]'s three judicial districts were established by Arizona Territory Organic Act from part of [[New Mexico]] Territory<ref name="AZ1">Wikipedia contributors, "1st Arizona Territorial Legislature" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Arizona_Territorial_Legislature (accessed 8 August 2011).</ref>
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*'''After 28 February 1861''' search the appropriate Colorado counties (at first [[Conejos County, Colorado|Conejos]], [[Costilla County, Colorado|Costilla]], [[Fremont County, Colorado|Fremont]], and [[Huerfano County, Colorado|Huerfano]]).<br>
:*By November 1864 [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave County]] was created by the Arizona legislature as an original county from parts of the 2nd and 3rd Judicial Districts. A part of the [[3rd Judicial District, Arizona|2nd Judicial District]] eventually became part of [[Nevada]]<ref name="AZ1" />
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:*22 December 1865 [[Pah-Ute County, Arizona|Pah-Ute County]] was created by [[Arizona]] from part of [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave County]]<ref name="Pah">Wikipedia contriutors, "Pah-Ute County, Arizona" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pah-Ute_County,_Arizona (accessed 8 August 2011).</ref>
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:*18 January 1867 [[Pah-Ute County, Arizona|Pah-Ute County]], and [[Mohave County, Arizona|Mohave County]], Arizona Territory west of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_River Colorado River] and west of 114° west longitude were given to [[Nevada]] by the U.S. Congress. This area became [[Clark County, Nevada|Clark County]], and the southern part of [[Lincoln County, Nevada|Lincoln]] and [[Nye County, Nevada|Nye]] counties in [[Nevada]].<ref name="Pah" />
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There is little chance someone as far away as [[Nevada]] would take the trouble to go to [[New Mexico|New Mexico]] to conduct their county business. It is unlikely any records of people living in [[Nevada]] are actually found in [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos County]] records.
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Colorado eventually turned former New Mexico land into parts of these modern Colorado counties:
  
See also [[Taos County, New Mexico|Taos County, New Mexico]].
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*'''Mora County became: ''' extreme west [[Baca County, Colorado|Baca]], southwest [[Bent County, Colorado|Bent]], southern [[Custer County, Colorado|Custer]], [[Huerfano County, Colorado|Huerfano]], [[Las Animas County, Colorado|Las Animas]], southern [[Otero County, Colorado|Otero]], and southern [[Pueblo County, Colorado|Pueblo]] counties
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*'''Taos County became: ''' [[Alamosa County, Colorado|Alamosa]], extreme southeast tip of [[Archuleta County, Colorado|Archuleta]], [[Conejos County, Colorado|Conejos]], [[Costilla County, Colorado|Costilla]], central [[Hinsdale County, Colorado|Hinsdale]], northeast [[Mineral County, Colorado|Mineral]], [[Rio Grande County, Colorado|Rio Grande]], southern [[Saguache County, Colorado|Saguache]], and far east central [[San Juan County, Colorado|San Juan]] counties
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
{{reflist}} {{Colorado|Colorado}} {{New Mexico|New Mexico}}  
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{{reflist}}
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{{Arizona|Arizona}} {{Colorado|Colorado}} {{Nevada|Nevada}} {{New Mexico|New Mexico}}  
  
 
[[Category:Colorado_counties]] [[Category:New_Mexico_counties]]
 
[[Category:Colorado_counties]] [[Category:New_Mexico_counties]]

Revision as of 20:59, 1 September 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Colorado Gotoarrow.png Taos County

Taos and other counties in New Mexico Territory in 1852.
The southern part of present-day Colorado east of the Continental Divide was the northern part of Taos County, New Mexico Territory from its creation in New Mexico Territory in 1846 until 1861 when it was one of the four pieces of other territories used to create the new Colorado Territory.[1]
  • 22 September 1846 - Taos County was established as one of seven original New Mexico counties under Kearny's Code of Laws for the occupied Mexican territory.[2]
  • 9 January 1852 - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Taos County was extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona and Nevada.[3] [4]
  • 1 February 1860 Mora County, New Mexico Territory was erected from the eastern part of Taos County including part in present-day southern Colorado.[1]
  • 28 February 1861 The northern parts of Taos and Mora counties, formerly New Mexico Territory, were transferred to the newly created Colorado Territory.[5]
Colorado 1860 map.png
A few of the earliest settlers in what is now southern Colorado may have conducted their county business such as recording land deeds in Taos via the Santa Fe Trail. For records of residents in what later became southern Colorado, check:

Colorado eventually turned former New Mexico land into parts of these modern Colorado counties:

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 9th ed. (Logan, Utah: Everton Pub., 1999), 274. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 1999.
  2. Kearny's Code 1846, "Courts and Judicial Powers,” secs. 5-7/p. 49; Abel, Map #2; Coan, 252; Williams, 108-109
  3. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
  4. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Territory (accessed 19 June 2012).