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England Gotoarrow.png Cheshire Gotoarrow.png Cheshire Parishes Gotoarrow.png Taxal

Taxal St James contributor Rob Bradford.jpg


Parish History

St James Taxal  is an ancient parish on the Cheshire /Derbyshire border and includes Whaley Bridge, Yeardsley and Whaley.Although historically part of Cheshire as will be seen the hamlet is now part of Derbyshire.

The church stands on a slope above the river Goyt, in the hamlet of Taxal, which is within the Peak District National Park, approximately one mile from Whaley Bridge. There has been a church at Taxal since the 12th century. The first recorded rector was in 1287.
Part of the tower is very old and possibly 12th century. The tower has six bells, which are rung every Sunday and for special occasions.
The church itself has been enlarged and restored mostly in the 17th and 19th centuries. There are several interesting memorials. Of particular interest is a slate slab on the floor between the choir stalls, on which are inscribed 18 names with the date of death of the Jodrell family, (of Jodrell Bank) who are buried in the chancel, dating from 1375-1756. Included is Roger Jauderell, who fought and died at the battle of Agincourt in 1415.
Also of interest is a memorial to the Yeomen of the Mouth, (King's food taster during the reign of George II), who died in 1768. There is a well preserved coat of arms of Queen Ann, 1702-14, over the south door.

The township of Yeardsley-cum-Whaley, Cheshire, was part of the ancient parish of Taxal. The township adopted the Local Government Act 1858 and formed a local board to govern the town. Under the Local Government Act 1894 this became Yeardsley-cum-Whaley Urban District. On the Derbyshire side of the River Goyt, the parish of Fernilee was included in Chapel en le Frith Rural District. In 1936 a county review order merged the urban district with the built-up part of Fernilee to form Whaley Bridge Urban District, with the new district placed in Derbyshire.

In 1974 the Local Government Act 1972 came into force, abolishing all urban and rural districts in England and Wales, and replacing them with non-metropolitan districts. Whaley Bridge became part of the district of High Peak, with a successor parish formed for the area of the urban district. The parish council resolved that Whaley Bridge should have the status of a town.


Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Registration Districts
  • Macclesfield (1837–1937)
  • Cheshire East
  • events may be searched online at Cheshire BMD

Church records

Taxal registers of christenings, marriages and burials have been indexed by the following groups:

FS PR's =FamilySearch Parish Registers
FS BT's = FamilySearch Bishops Transcripts
FMP = FindMyPast
Taxal Parish Online Records


Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images




FMP (£)

To find the names of the neighbouring parishes, use England Jurisdictions 1851. In this site, search for the name of the parish, click on the location "pin", click Options and click List contiguous parishes.

Taxal, St. James (formerly St. Leonard) (C of E). An ancient parish church, originally serving the townships of Taxal and Yeardsley cum Whaley. Registers of Baptisms 1610–1977, Marriages 1610–1994 and Burials 1610–1956 have been deposited at the Cheshire Record Office. Cheshire Record Office reference: P233/1/1-6, 3/1-3, 4/1-2.

Parish Register Content FHL Film
Baptisms, marriages, burials, 1610-1701. BRITISH 1999756 Items 10 - 11
Baptisms, marriages, burials, 1701-1867. Marriages, 1868-1885. BRITISH 1999757
Marriages, 1885-1894. Burials, 1813-1894 (includes an index for burials, 1855-1895). BRITISH 1999758 Items 1 - 3

Bishop's Transcripts Records are not arranged in strict chronological order. Some intermittent years are missing.

Bishop's Transcript Content FHL Film
Baptisms, marriages, burials, 1599-1600, 1663-1665, 1668-1674, 1676, 1678-1686, 1691. BRITISH 1836387 Item 2
Baptisms, marriages, burials, 1712, 1715, 1717-1724, 1726-1749, 1751-1808, 1810-1813, 1815, 1818-1837. Baptisms, burials, 1838-1845. BRITISH 1836388
Baptisms, burials, 1846-1878. BRITISH 1850100

Cheshire Record Office reference: EDB/196

 Fernilee, Holy Trinity (C of E). A chapel of ease to Taxal. Registers of Baptisms from 1883 and Marriages from 1906 are held at the church (no burials).

Non-Conformist Churches

Census records

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 241246.

Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to <a href="Cheshire Probate Records">Cheshire Probate Records</a> to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Poor Law Unions

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites


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