Tennessee County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record Search article
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{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
|location=United States
 
|location=United States
 
|CID=CID1619127
 
|CID=CID1619127
 
|title=Tennessee County Marriages, 1790-1950}}<br>  
 
|title=Tennessee County Marriages, 1790-1950}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
+
== Record Description ==
  
The dates covered by this collection are 1790 to 1950.  
+
This Collection will include records from1790 to 1950.  
 
+
== Record Description  ==
+
  
Most of this collection consists of marriage licenses and certificates, including a few marriage declarations and marriage stubs  
+
Most of this collection consists of marriage licenses and certificates, including a few marriage declarations and marriage stubs.
  
 
The records are arranged by county, then by volume and year range. The form type varies between register style and certificate style. County clerks usually used the same printed form during the same time periods. Marriage records were generally well preserved, although fires, floods, or other disasters may have destroyed some records.  
 
The records are arranged by county, then by volume and year range. The form type varies between register style and certificate style. County clerks usually used the same printed form during the same time periods. Marriage records were generally well preserved, although fires, floods, or other disasters may have destroyed some records.  
Line 16: Line 14:
 
The earliest marriage bonds and licenses were usually handwritten on loose papers that were later bound into lettered volumes. Some marriage records had multiple entries on each page, while others had single records per page. Later records were handwritten on preprinted pages.  
 
The earliest marriage bonds and licenses were usually handwritten on loose papers that were later bound into lettered volumes. Some marriage records had multiple entries on each page, while others had single records per page. Later records were handwritten on preprinted pages.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
Civil marriage records were created to legalize marital relationships and to protect the interests of the wife and other heirs to legal claims on property.&nbsp;
  
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px" caption="Tennessee Marriage Record Examples">
+
The marriage date, place, and residence of the bride and groom are relatively reliable. Other information, such as age is dependent on the knowledge, memory, and accuracy of the informants, usually the bride and groom.
 +
 
 +
Marriages were recorded by the clerk of the district court for each county from the time the county was formed. Persons desiring to marry obtained a license that they presented to the minister or other person authorized to marry, such as a justice of the peace. Once the marriage was performed, the officiator sent a return to the clerk confirming that the marriage had occurred.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
For a list of film numbers currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1619127/waypoints Browse].
 +
 
 +
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "Tennessee, County Marriages, 1790-1950." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.}}
 +
 
 +
<br> [[Tennessee County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 +
 
 +
== Record Content  ==
 +
 
 +
<gallery caption="Tennessee Marriage Record Examples" widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 
Image:Tennessee County Marriages 1790-1950 (09-0146)(09-0147)(10-0114) Bond DGS 200316_275.jpg
 
Image:Tennessee County Marriages 1790-1950 (09-0146)(09-0147)(10-0114) Bond DGS 200316_275.jpg
 
Image:Tennessee County Marriages 1790-1950 (09-0146)(09-0147)(10-0114) Record DGS 467487_525.jpg
 
Image:Tennessee County Marriages 1790-1950 (09-0146)(09-0147)(10-0114) Record DGS 467487_525.jpg
 
</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
  
'''The genealogical information found in most marriage bonds includes the following:'''
+
The genealogical information found in most marriage bonds includes the following:  
  
 
*Name of the groom  
 
*Name of the groom  
*Name of the bride, often including the maiden name of the bride  
+
*Name of the bride  
 
*Names of the officiator and witnesses  
 
*Names of the officiator and witnesses  
 
*Date of the marriage  
 
*Date of the marriage  
 
*Date of bond
 
*Date of bond
  
'''The genealogical information found in most marriage records includes the following:'''
+
The genealogical information found in most marriage records includes the following:  
  
*Name of the groom  
+
*Date and place of marriage
*Name of the bride, often including the maiden name of the bride
+
*Name and age of the groom  
*Names of the officiator and witnesses
+
*Name and age of the bride  
*Names of the parents or guardians of the bride and groom
+
*Sometimes, name of person giving consent
*Date of the marriage
+
*Name of the officiator  
*Birthplaces of the bride and groom
+
*Names of witnesses
*Residences of the bride and groom
+
*Residences of the bride and groom
*Age of the bride and groom
+
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Name indexes to marriages make it possible to access a specific marriage record quickly. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
  
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:
+
*The county where the marriage occurred
 +
*The name of the person at the time of marriage
 +
*The approximate marriage date
 +
*The marriage place
 +
*The name of the intended spouse
  
*The county where the marriage occurred.
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
*The name of the person at the time of marriage.
+
*The approximate marriage date.
+
*The marriage place.
+
*The name of the intended spouse.
+
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the marriage records. Compare the information in the marriage record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
+
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
 +
 
 +
To search the collection image by image, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br>
 +
⇒Select the appropriate  "Film Number(digital folder number) " <br>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 
 +
==== Using the Information  ====
  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s marriage record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s marriage record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:  
Line 62: Line 83:
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records.  
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records.  
 
*Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.  
 
*Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.  
*The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.
+
*Use the marriage number to identify previous marriages.
*Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom, this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
+
*Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
+
*Use the marriage number to identify previous marriages.
+
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
+
  
Keep in mind:
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
  
 +
*The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.
 +
*Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
 +
*Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
 
*The information in marriage records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the informant.  
 
*The information in marriage records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the informant.  
 
*Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1800s.  
 
*Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1800s.  
*There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
+
*There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
 +
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:
+
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
 
*Search for the marriage record of the marriage partner if known.  
 
*Search for the marriage record of the marriage partner if known.  
*Check for a different index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume.
+
*Search the records of nearby localities.
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
+
*Look for a different index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  
== Record History ==
+
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
Marriages were recorded by the clerk of the district court for each county from the time the county was formed. Persons desiring to marry obtained a license that they presented to the minister or other person authorized to marry, such as a justice of the peace. Once the marriage was performed, the officiator sent a return to the clerk confirming that the marriage had occurred.  
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Tennessee County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
=== Why This Record Was Created ===
+
== Related Websites ==
  
Civil marriage records were created to legalize marital relationships and to protect the interests of the wife and other heirs to legal claims on property.  
+
*[http://www.tennessee.gov/tsla/history/vital/vital.htm Tennessee State Library and Archives]
 
+
*[http://www.tngenweb.org Tennessee GenWeb Project]
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
*[http://usgwarchives.net/marriages/tennessee/tennessee.htm Tennessee Marriages]
 
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2099 Tennessee Marriages to 1825] at Ancestry ($).
The marriage date, place, and residence of the bride and groom are relatively reliable. Other information, such as age is dependent on the knowledge, memory, and accuracy of the informants, usually the bride and groom.<br>
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1169 Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002] at Ancestry ($).  
 
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4125 Tennessee Marriages, 1851-1900] at Ancestry ($).
== Related Web Sites  ==
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3186 Tennessee Marriage and Bible Records] at Ancestry ($).
 
+
'''This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.'''
+
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[Tennessee Vital Records|Tennessee Vital Records]]  
+
*[[Tennessee]]
 +
*[[Tennessee Vital Records|Tennessee Vital Records]]
 +
*[[Tennessee Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Tennessee Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Tennessee State Marriage Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Tennessee State Marriage Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
+
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
Line 107: Line 129:
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
+
 
+
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
+
  
"Tennessee County Marriages, 1790-1950." index and images, ''FamilySearch:'' ([https://www.familysearch.orghttps://www.familysearch.org]): accessed 7 April 2011). entry for Lucian Halladay and Lizzie Martin, married 9 November 1902; citing Marriage Records, FHL microfilm 944,061; Carroll County Courthouse, Huntingdon, Tennessee.
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;  
  
== Sources of This Collection  ==
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"Tennessee County Marriages, 1790-1950," database, ''FamilySearch:'' ([https://www.familysearch.orghttps://www.familysearch.org]). Digital copies of originals housed in the clerks’ offices of the district courts in various counties throughout Tennessee. FHL microfilm, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend--> <br>
+
"Tennessee County Marriages, 1790-1950." database and digital images, ''FamilySearch:'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://familysearch.org]): accessed 7 April 2011). r Lucian Halladay and Lizzie Martin, &nbsp;9 November 1902; citing Marriage Records, FHL microfilm 944,061; Carroll County Courthouse, Huntingdon, Tennessee. Digital copies of originals housed in the clerks’ offices of the district courts in various counties throughout Tennessee. FHL microfilm, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.  
  
 
[[Category:Tennessee|Vital]]
 
[[Category:Tennessee|Vital]]

Revision as of 15:36, 7 May 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records from1790 to 1950.

Most of this collection consists of marriage licenses and certificates, including a few marriage declarations and marriage stubs.

The records are arranged by county, then by volume and year range. The form type varies between register style and certificate style. County clerks usually used the same printed form during the same time periods. Marriage records were generally well preserved, although fires, floods, or other disasters may have destroyed some records.

The earliest marriage bonds and licenses were usually handwritten on loose papers that were later bound into lettered volumes. Some marriage records had multiple entries on each page, while others had single records per page. Later records were handwritten on preprinted pages.

Civil marriage records were created to legalize marital relationships and to protect the interests of the wife and other heirs to legal claims on property. 

The marriage date, place, and residence of the bride and groom are relatively reliable. Other information, such as age is dependent on the knowledge, memory, and accuracy of the informants, usually the bride and groom.

Marriages were recorded by the clerk of the district court for each county from the time the county was formed. Persons desiring to marry obtained a license that they presented to the minister or other person authorized to marry, such as a justice of the peace. Once the marriage was performed, the officiator sent a return to the clerk confirming that the marriage had occurred. 

For a list of film numbers currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"Tennessee, County Marriages, 1790-1950." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.


Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

The genealogical information found in most marriage bonds includes the following:

  • Name of the groom
  • Name of the bride
  • Names of the officiator and witnesses
  • Date of the marriage
  • Date of bond

The genealogical information found in most marriage records includes the following:

  • Date and place of marriage
  • Name and age of the groom
  • Name and age of the bride
  • Sometimes, name of person giving consent
  • Name of the officiator
  • Names of witnesses
  • Residences of the bride and groom

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:

  • The county where the marriage occurred
  • The name of the person at the time of marriage
  • The approximate marriage date
  • The marriage place
  • The name of the intended spouse

Search the Collection

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

To search the collection image by image, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "Film Number(digital folder number) "


For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s marriage record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:

  • Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.
  • Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
  • Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records.
  • Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records.
  • Use the marriage number to identify previous marriages.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.
  • Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
  • The information in marriage records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the informant.
  • Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1800s.
  • There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
  • Search for the marriage record of the marriage partner if known.
  • Search the records of nearby localities.
  • Look for a different index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Tennessee County Marriages, 1790-1950." database and digital images, FamilySearch: (https://familysearch.org): accessed 7 April 2011). r Lucian Halladay and Lizzie Martin,  9 November 1902; citing Marriage Records, FHL microfilm 944,061; Carroll County Courthouse, Huntingdon, Tennessee. Digital copies of originals housed in the clerks’ offices of the district courts in various counties throughout Tennessee. FHL microfilm, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.