Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes, 1905-1954 .
Collection Time Period
This collection includes the years 1905 to 1954.
This collection consists of arrival manifests and an index to a portion of the arrivals. The index only covers 1929-1954, while the manifests cover from 1905 to 1954.
The index corresponds to the following:
- NARA Publication M1755: Permanent and statistical manifests of alien arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, June 1905-June 1953
- M2040: Indexes to Manifests of Permanent and Statistical Arrivals at Eagle Pass, Texas, December 1, 1929 - June 1953.
The index lists the following:
- Arrival date
- Ship of arrival
- Book, page and line number
Passenger lists generally include the following information:
- Birth place
- Last permanent residence
- Name and address of relative or friend
- Port and date of entry
- Name of ship
How to Use the Record
To begin your search, look for your ancestor in the index. It is helpful to know the full name of your ancestor and the approximate date of immigration. If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.
Compare the information in the index to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. Use the locator information (arrival date, ship, book, page, and line number) to locate your ancestor in the passenger lists.
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
For example, you can use passenger lists to:
- Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
- Confirm their date of arrival
- Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
- Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
You may also find these tips helpful:
- If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
- Continue to search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.
- If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
- Check for variant spellings of the name.
- Look for other indexes. Records are often indexed by local historical and genealogical societies.
- Search the passenger lists year by year.
- Search the indexes of other port cities.
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival.
Why the Record Was Created
Arrival lists was used by legal authorities to gather personal information about immigrants prior to the person being allowed to live in the United States.
The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
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Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
Texas. Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes, 1905-1954. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
Example of a Source Citation for a Record Found in This Collection
"Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes, 1905-1954." FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 23 June 2011). Manifests > 18 Feb 1939-30 Sep 1941 > Image 99 of 4051 images, Antonio Riojas, arrived March 10, 1939; citing Arrivals, Manifests, 18 Feb 1939 - 31 Sept 1941, Image 99; National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., United States.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.