Texas County Tax Rolls (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1827575|title=Texas County Tax Records, 1837-1910|location=United States|}}<br>
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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1827575 |title=Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910|location=United States|}} <br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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== Record Description ==
  
This collection includes records for the years 1837 to 1910.  
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The collection consists of a selective index to tax rolls for 231 of 254 Texas counties. The years indexed include the first year for each county included prior to 1845, as well as 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1890, 1895, and 1905. The index for this collection is 13% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed.  
  
== Record Description  ==
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There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Ellis County, 1886, Images 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 132, 134 are cut off on the left side. As a result the beginning of the surnames are missing. This problem is present in both the online images and the microfilm copies.
  
Entries are handwritten on pre-printed pages. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.  
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Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. Taxes were collected to raise money for a variety of purposes. The tax assessments were made to determine how much money each property owner must pay. Tax records are usually reliable as they are kept by the county clerk who recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.  
  
Ellis County, 1886, Images 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 132, 134 are cut off on the left side. As a result the beginning of the surnames are missing. This problem is present in both the online images and the microfilm copies.  
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A part of this collection is being indexed in FamilySeach Indexing as a Partner Project with the [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txsgs/index.htm Texas State Genealogical Society].  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1827575/waypoints Browse].
  
[[Image:Texas County Tax Records1875 Assessment Roll.jpg|thumb|right]] Genealogical information in Texas tax records include:
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== Record Content  ==
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Information in Texas tax records include: <gallery>
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Image:Texas County Tax Records1875 Assessment Roll.jpg|1875 Assessment Roll
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</gallery>
  
 
*Name of owner  
 
*Name of owner  
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== How to Use This Record  ==
 
== How to Use This Record  ==
  
Tax records are usually used to supplement census records. Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index to the assessments. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or assessment number) to locate your ancestors in the assessment rolls. Compare the information in the assessment to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
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Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
  
When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
+
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "County/Precinct" category<br> ⇒Select the "Year range" category which takes you to the images.<br>
 +
 
 +
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
 +
 
 +
To begin your search it is helpful to know the name of your ancestors and some other identifying information such as where they lived.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 
 +
==== Using the Information  ====
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
 +
 
 +
For example:  
  
 
*Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.  
 
*Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.  
*The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant. Occupations can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school or church records.  
+
*The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant. Occupations can lead you to other types of records such as employment,&nbsp;school, or church records.  
 
*Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.  
 
*Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.  
 
*The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.
 
*The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.
  
Some other tips to keep in mind are:
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==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
  
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
Line 44: Line 60:
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.
  
== Record History ==
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== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income.  
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Texas County Tax Rolls (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
A part of this collection is being indexed in FamilySeach Indexing as a Partner Project with the [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txsgs/index.htm Texas State Genealogical Society].
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== Related Websites ==
 
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=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
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Taxes were collected to raise money for a variety of purposes. The tax assessments were made to determine how much money each property owner must pay.
+
 
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=== Record Reliability  ===
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Tax records are usually reliable as they are kept by the county clerk who recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.
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== Related Web Sites ==
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[http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/ Texas State Library and Archives]&nbsp;  
 
[http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/ Texas State Library and Archives]&nbsp;  
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[Texas Taxation]]  
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*[[Texas|Texas]]  
 
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*[[Texas History|Texas History]]
== Known Issues with the Collection  ==
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*[[Texas Taxation]]
 
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{{HR Known Issues}}&nbsp;<br>Problem #1 - Some images are cut off and difficult to read.&nbsp; This is due to the quality of the original records, not the filming.&nbsp;
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== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
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{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection ==
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->Texas County Tax Records, 1837-1910, database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from Texas State Library and Archives, Austin. FHL microfilm 423 rolls, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah<!--bibdescend-->
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“Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the “Show Citation” box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1827575/waypoints Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910]
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 +
 
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection ====
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{{Collection citation | text= "Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Comptroller's Office. State Archives, Austin.}}
  
"Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://familysearch.org]): accessed April 7, 2011. entry for Tony Bachel, citing Tax Rolls; Baylor County, 1893, image 5, number 14; Texas State Library and Archives, Austin, Texas.
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=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
 
[[Category:Texas|Tax]]
 
[[Category:Texas|Tax]]

Revision as of 17:53, 31 October 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 .

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of a selective index to tax rolls for 231 of 254 Texas counties. The years indexed include the first year for each county included prior to 1845, as well as 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1885, 1890, 1895, and 1905. The index for this collection is 13% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed.

There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Ellis County, 1886, Images 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 132, 134 are cut off on the left side. As a result the beginning of the surnames are missing. This problem is present in both the online images and the microfilm copies.

Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. Taxes were collected to raise money for a variety of purposes. The tax assessments were made to determine how much money each property owner must pay. Tax records are usually reliable as they are kept by the county clerk who recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.

A part of this collection is being indexed in FamilySeach Indexing as a Partner Project with the Texas State Genealogical Society.

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Record Content

Information in Texas tax records include:
  • Name of owner
  • Assessment number
  • Original grantee
  • Number of acres of land
  • Value
  • Town plot description
  • Name of city or town
  • Kind, number, and value of livestock
  • Kind, quantity, and value of farm commodities
  • Amount of state taxes
  • Amount of county taxes

How to Use This Record

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "County/Precinct" category
⇒Select the "Year range" category which takes you to the images.

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

To begin your search it is helpful to know the name of your ancestors and some other identifying information such as where they lived.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.
  • The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant. Occupations can lead you to other types of records such as employment, school, or church records.
  • Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.
  • The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Other family members may have lived nearby so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Texas State Library and Archives 

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

“Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the “Show Citation” box: Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Comptroller's Office. State Archives, Austin.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection