Texas County Tax Rolls (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1827575|title=Texas County Tax Records, 1837-1910|location=United States|}}<br>
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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1827575 |title=Texas County Tax Records, 1837-1910|location=United States|}}<br>
  
 
== Collection Time Period  ==
 
== Collection Time Period  ==
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=== Record Content  ===
 
=== Record Content  ===
  
[[Image:Texas County Tax Records1875 Assessment Roll.jpg|thumb|right]] Genealogical information in Texas tax records include:
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Genealogical information in Texas tax records include:
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[[Image:Texas County Tax Records1875 Assessment Roll.jpg|thumb|right]]  
  
 
*Name of owner  
 
*Name of owner  
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Tax records are usually used to supplement census records. Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index to the assessments. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or assessment number) to locate your ancestors in the assessment rolls. Compare the information in the assessment to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
 
Tax records are usually used to supplement census records. Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index to the assessments. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or assessment number) to locate your ancestors in the assessment rolls. Compare the information in the assessment to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
  
When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
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When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
 +
 
 +
For example:  
  
 
*Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.  
 
*Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.  
*The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant. Occupations can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school or church records.  
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*The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant. Occupations can lead you to other types of records such as employment,&nbsp;school, or church records.  
 
*Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.  
 
*Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.  
 
*The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.
 
*The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.
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A part of this collection is being indexed in FamilySeach Indexing as a Partner Project with the [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txsgs/index.htm Texas State Genealogical Society].  
 
A part of this collection is being indexed in FamilySeach Indexing as a Partner Project with the [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txsgs/index.htm Texas State Genealogical Society].  
  
=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
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=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
  
 
Taxes were collected to raise money for a variety of purposes. The tax assessments were made to determine how much money each property owner must pay.  
 
Taxes were collected to raise money for a variety of purposes. The tax assessments were made to determine how much money each property owner must pay.  
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Tax records are usually reliable as they are kept by the county clerk who recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.  
 
Tax records are usually reliable as they are kept by the county clerk who recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.  
  
== Related Web Sites ==
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== Related Websites ==
  
 
[http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/ Texas State Library and Archives]&nbsp;  
 
[http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/ Texas State Library and Archives]&nbsp;  
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== Known Issues with the Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with the Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection, please read the attached [[Texas_County_Tax_Records_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)/Known_Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, feel free to report them at [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection, please read the attached [[Texas County Tax Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, feel free to report them at [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
  
 
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
 
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
  
"Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://familysearch.org]): accessed 7 April 2011. entry for Tony Bachel, citing Tax Rolls; Baylor County, 1893, image 5, number 14; Texas State Library and Archives, Austin, Texas.  
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"Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://familysearch.org FamilySearch.org]): accessed 7 April 2011. entry for Tony Bachel, citing Tax Rolls; Baylor County, 1893, image 5, number 14; Texas State Library and Archives, Austin, Texas.
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== Citation for This Collection  ==
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The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
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<!--bibdescbegin-->Texas County Tax Records, 1837-1910, images, FamilySearch ([http://familysearch.org http://familysearch.org]); from Texas State Library and Archives, Austin. FHL microfilm 423 rolls, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah<!--bibdescend-->
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->Texas County Tax Records, 1837-1910, images, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from Texas State Library and Archives, Austin. FHL microfilm 423 rolls, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah<!--bibdescend-->
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Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
  
 
[[Category:Texas|Tax]]
 
[[Category:Texas|Tax]]

Revision as of 15:19, 9 December 2011

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Collection Time Period

This collection includes records for the years 1837 to 1910.

Record Description

Entries are handwritten on pre-printed pages. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Ellis County, 1886, Images 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 132, 134 are cut off on the left side. As a result the beginning of the surnames are missing. This problem is present in both the online images and the microfilm copies.

Record Content

Genealogical information in Texas tax records include:

Texas County Tax Records1875 Assessment Roll.jpg
  • Name of owner
  • Assessment number
  • Original grantee
  • Number of acres of land
  • Value
  • Town plot description
  • Name of city or town
  • Kind, number, and value of livestock
  • Kind, quantity, and value of farm commodities
  • Amount of state taxes
  • Amount of county taxes

How to Use This Record

Tax records are usually used to supplement census records. Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index to the assessments. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or assessment number) to locate your ancestors in the assessment rolls. Compare the information in the assessment to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.

When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.
  • The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant. Occupations can lead you to other types of records such as employment, school, or church records.
  • Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.
  • The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.

Some other tips to keep in mind are:

  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Other family members may have lived nearby so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.

Record History

Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income.

A part of this collection is being indexed in FamilySeach Indexing as a Partner Project with the Texas State Genealogical Society.

Why the Record Was Created

Taxes were collected to raise money for a variety of purposes. The tax assessments were made to determine how much money each property owner must pay.

Record Reliability

Tax records are usually reliable as they are kept by the county clerk who recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.

Related Websites

Texas State Library and Archives 

Related Wiki Articles

Texas Taxation

Known Issues with the Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection, please read the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, feel free to report them at support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection

"Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910." index and images, FamilySearch (FamilySearch.org): accessed 7 April 2011. entry for Tony Bachel, citing Tax Rolls; Baylor County, 1893, image 5, number 14; Texas State Library and Archives, Austin, Texas.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

Texas County Tax Records, 1837-1910, images, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org); from Texas State Library and Archives, Austin. FHL microfilm 423 rolls, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah

Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.