Texas Emigration and Immigration

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[[Portal:United States Emigration and Immigration|Portal:United States Emigration and Immigration ]]>[[Texas|Texas]]  
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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Texas]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Texas_Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]''
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{{Adoption TXGenWeb}}
  
 
=== People  ===
 
=== People  ===
  
The first settlers of [[Portal:Texas|Texas]] generally came from Spain, although a few Frenchmen settled in eastern Texas. Between 1821 and 1836 about 38,000 settlers came from the United States, especially from the southern states. In the thirty years before the Civil War, many European emigrants came to Texas. They were mostly Germans, Poles, Czechs, Swedes, Norwegians, and Irish. By 1850, some 33,000 Germans had settled in Texas.  
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The first settlers of [[Texas]] generally came from Spain, although a few Frenchmen settled in eastern Texas. Between 1821 and 1836 about 38,000 settlers came from the United States, especially from the southern states. In the thirty years before the Civil War, many European emigrants came to Texas. They were mostly Germans, Poles, Czechs, Swedes, Norwegians, and Irish. By 1850, some 33,000 Germans had settled in Texas.  
  
 
After the Civil War many people left the South and went to Texas. Others came from the North Central states, especially farmers of Swedish, Polish, and Irish descent. More Europeans came at this time, including Belgians, Danes, and Greeks. Most of these settled in the cities.  
 
After the Civil War many people left the South and went to Texas. Others came from the North Central states, especially farmers of Swedish, Polish, and Irish descent. More Europeans came at this time, including Belgians, Danes, and Greeks. Most of these settled in the cities.  
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Two excellent histories that include the names of families who migrated to Texas from southern states are:  
 
Two excellent histories that include the names of families who migrated to Texas from southern states are:  
  
Williams, Villamae ed. ''Stephen F. Austin's Register of Families.'' Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1989. (Family History Library book 976.4 W2au 1989.) This is based on original records in the General Land Office and pertains to families who arrived before statehood.  
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Williams, Villamae ed. ''Stephen F. Austin's Register of Families.'' Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1989. {{FHL|431258|item|disp=FHL book 976.4 W2au 1989}}. This is based on original records in the General Land Office and pertains to families who arrived before statehood.  
  
Marsh, Helen and Timothy. ''Tennesseans in Texas''. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1986. (Family History Library book 976.4 X2mh 1850.) The information in this is based on the 1850 census.  
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Marsh, Helen and Timothy. ''Tennesseans in Texas''. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1986. {{FHL|411536|item|disp=FHL book 976.4 X2mh 1850}}. The information in this is based on the 1850 census.  
  
 
Records of major ethnic groups are listed in the catalog under TEXAS - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION and TEXAS - MINORITIES. You will find information about immigrant groups from Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Norway, Poland, and Sweden, as well as African-Americans, Ukrainians, and Wends. Records of Native Americans are listed in the locality search under TEXAS - NATIVE RACES and in the subject section of the catalog under the name of the tribe or language group.  
 
Records of major ethnic groups are listed in the catalog under TEXAS - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION and TEXAS - MINORITIES. You will find information about immigrant groups from Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Norway, Poland, and Sweden, as well as African-Americans, Ukrainians, and Wends. Records of Native Americans are listed in the locality search under TEXAS - NATIVE RACES and in the subject section of the catalog under the name of the tribe or language group.  
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Some excellent examples of ethnic sources that include lists of names are:  
 
Some excellent examples of ethnic sources that include lists of names are:  
  
Hejl, Edmond H. ''Czech Footprints Across the Bluebonnet Fields of Texas: Villages of Origin''. N.p., 1983. (Family History Library book 976.4 F2h; fiche 6125134.)
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Hejl, Edmond H. ''Villages of origin (Protestant) : specific Czechs and Moravians in Texas associated with specific villages of origin in Cechy or Moravia, abstracted from the register records of the Ross Prairie, Wesley and Nelsonville Brethren Churches, 1872-1900'' {{FHL|249494|item|disp=FHL book 976.4 F2h}} and {{FHL|249494|item|disp=FHL fiche 6125134}}.  
  
Geue, Chester W. and Ethel H. Geue. ''A New Land Beckoned: German Immigration to Texas, 1844-7''. Enlarged ed. Waco, Texas: Texian Press, 1972. (Family History Library book 976.4 W2g 1972; 1966 ed. on film 1000608 item 5.)
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Geue, Chester W. and Ethel H. Geue. ''A New Land Beckoned: German Immigration to Texas, 1844-7''. Enlarged ed. Waco, Texas: Texian Press, 1972. {{FHL|190023|item|disp=FHL book 976.4 W2g 1972}} 1966 ed. on {{FHL|1000608|item|disp=FHL film 1000608 item 5}}.  
  
Geue, Ethel H. ''New Homes in a New Land: German Immigration to Texas, 1847-1861''. Waco, Texas: Texian Press, 1970. (Family History Library book 976.4 W2ge.)
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Geue, Ethel H. ''New Homes in a New Land: German Immigration to Texas, 1847-1861''. Waco, Texas: Texian Press, 1970. {{FHL|190027|item|disp=FHL book 976.4 W2ge}}.
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The [http://sagacorpus2005.tripod.com/ Spanish American Genealogical Association] can be a good resource to find your hispanic ancestors, whether they came from Mexico or Spain.  
  
 
=== Passenger Arrival Records  ===
 
=== Passenger Arrival Records  ===
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Many people who moved to Texas originally arrived in the United States at the port of New Orleans. The National Archives and the Family History Library have passenger lists for New Orleans dating from 1820 to 1921, with indexes to 1952.  
 
Many people who moved to Texas originally arrived in the United States at the port of New Orleans. The National Archives and the Family History Library have passenger lists for New Orleans dating from 1820 to 1921, with indexes to 1952.  
  
Galveston passenger lists from 1846 to 1871, 1896 to 1921, and index 1896-1951 are available at the National Archives at http://www.archives.gov/ and the Family History Library (Family History Library film 830233), and are indexed in two sources:  
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Galveston passenger lists from 1846 to 1871, 1896 to 1921, and index 1896-1951 are available at the [http://www.archives.gov/&nbsp National Archives] and {{FHL|66154|item|disp=FHL film 830233}}, and are indexed in two sources:  
  
''Ships Passenger Lists, Port of Galveston, Texas, 1846-1871''. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1984. (Family History Library book 976.4139/G1 W3s.)
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''Ships Passenger Lists, Port of Galveston, Texas, 1846-1871''. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1984. {{FHL|122678|item|disp=FHL book 976.4139/G1 W3s}}.  
  
Blaha, Albert J. ''Passenger Lists for Galveston, 1850-1855''. [Houston, Texas: A.J. Blaha], 1985. (Family History Library book 976.4139/G1 W3b; fiche 6099940.) This includes some Indianola arrivals.  
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Blaha, Albert J. ''Passenger Lists for Galveston, 1850-1855''. [Houston, Texas: A.J. Blaha], 1985. {{FHL|478816|item|disp=FHL book 976.4139/G1 W3b}} and {{FHL|478816|item|disp=FHL fiche 6099940}}. This includes some Indianola arrivals.  
  
The National Archives and the Family History Library also have Galveston arrival lists for 1893 and 1896 to 1921 (Family History Library&nbsp;films 1414827-40; 1414865-70) and indexes from 1896 to 1906 and 1906 to 1951 (Family History Library&nbsp;films 1402451-60.) Passenger lists and indexes are listed in the catalog under TEXAS - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION.<br>  
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The National Archives and the Family History Library also have Galveston arrival lists for 1893 and 1896 to 1921 {{FHL|319601|item|disp=FHL films 1414827-40; 1414865-70}} and indexes from 1896 to 1906 and 1906 to 1951 {{FHL|319601|item|disp=FHL films 1402451-60}}. Passenger lists and indexes are listed in the catalog under TEXAS - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION.<br>  
  
See also [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=986136&disp=Indexes+of++vessels+arriving+at+Brownsvi++ ''Index of Vessels Arriving at'':<br>]
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See also {{FHL|986136|item|disp=''Index of Vessels Arriving at'':<br>}}
  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=986136&disp=Indexes+of++vessels+arriving+at+Brownsvi++ Brownsville 1935-1955]
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*{{FHL|986136|title-id|disp=Brownsville 1935-1955}}
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=986136&disp=Indexes+of++vessels+arriving+at+Brownsvi++ Houston 1948-1954]
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*{{FHL|986136|title-id|disp=Houston 1948-1954}}
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=986136&disp=Indexes+of++vessels+arriving+at+Brownsvi++ Port Arthur, Beaumont 1908-1954]
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*{{FHL|986136|title-id|disp=Port Arthur, Beaumont 1908-1954}}
  
 
=== Mexican Border Crossing Records  ===
 
=== Mexican Border Crossing Records  ===
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Numerous Mexicans came to Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. These include:  
 
Numerous Mexicans came to Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. These include:  
  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1125731&disp=Lists+of+aliens+arriving+at+Brownsville++ Brownsville, Del Rio, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Laredo, Presidio, Rio Grande City, and Roma, Texas, alien arrivals 1903-1909] (A3365)<br><br>  
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*{{FHL|1125731|title-id|disp=Brownsville, Del Rio, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Laredo, Presidio, Rio Grande City, and Roma, Texas, alien arrivals 1903-1909}} (A3365)<br><br>  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1193787&disp=Statistical+and+nonstatistical+manifests++ '''Brownsville''', indexes and manifests 1905-1953] (M1502)<br>  
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*{{FHL|1193787|title-id|disp='''Brownsville''', indexes and manifests 1905-1953}} (M1502)<br>  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=719694&disp=Permanent+and+statistical+manifests+of+a++ '''Eagle Pass''', chronological manifests 1905-1953] (M1758)  
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*{{FHL|719694|title-id|disp='''Eagle Pass''', chronological manifests 1905-1953}} (M1758)  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1193796&disp=Nonstatistical+manifests+and+statistical++ '''Eagle Pass''', alphabetical cards 1905-1929] (M1754)&nbsp;  
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*{{FHL|1193796|title-id|disp='''Eagle Pass''', alphabetical cards 1905-1929}} (M1754)&nbsp;  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=719694&disp=Permanent+and+statistical+manifests+of+a++ '''Eagle Pass''', index to manifests 1929-1953] (M2040)  
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*{{FHL|719694|title-id|disp='''Eagle Pass''', index to manifests 1929-1953}} (M2040)  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=738354&disp=Temporary+and+nonstatistical+manifests+o++ '''Eagle Pass''', mostly alphabetical manifests 1928-1953] (M2041)
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*{{FHL|738354|title-id|disp='''Eagle Pass''', mostly alphabetical manifests 1928-1953}} (M2041)  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1193804&disp=Manifests+of+aliens+granted+temporary+ad++ '''El Paso''', alphabetical manifests 1924-1954] (M1757)  
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*{{FHL|1193804|title-id|disp='''El Paso''', alphabetical manifests 1924-1954}} (M1757)  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1193799&disp=Applications+for+nonresident+alien%27s+b++ '''El Paso''', alphabetical applications for I.D. cards 1945-1952] (M175)  
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*{{FHL|1193799|title-id|disp='''El Paso''', alphabetical applications for I.D. cards 1945-1952}} (M175)  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1139387&disp=Alphabetical+card+manifests+of+alien+arr++ '''Fabens''', alphabetical cards 1924-1954] (M1768)  
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*{{FHL|1139387|title-id|disp='''Fabens''', alphabetical cards 1924-1954}} (M1768)  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1139122&disp=Alphabetical+card+manifests+of+alien+arr++ '''Fort Hancock''', alphabetical manifests 1924-1954] (M1766)<br>  
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*{{FHL|1139122|title-id|disp='''Fort Hancock''', alphabetical manifests 1924-1954}} (M1766)<br>  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1193817&disp=Lists+of+aliens+arriving+at+Laredo%2C+Te++ '''Laredo''', alien arrivals 1903-1907] (M2008)<br>  
+
*{{FHL|1193817|title-id|disp='''Laredo''', alien arrivals 1903-1907}} (M2008)<br>  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1231455&disp=Nonstatistical+manifests+and+statistcal+++ '''Laredo''', alphabetical manifest cards 1903-1929] (A3379)  
+
*{{FHL|1231455|title-id|disp='''Laredo''', alphabetical manifest cards 1903-1929}} (A3379)  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1125729&disp=Manifests+of+aliens+granted+temporary+ad++ '''Laredo''', alphabetical manifest cards 1929-1955] (M1722)  
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*{{FHL|1125729|title-id|disp='''Laredo''', alphabetical manifest cards 1929-1955}} (M1722)  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1193810&disp=Index+and+manifests+of+alien+arrivals+at++ '''Progreso/Thayer''', index and manifests 1928-1955] (M1851)<br>  
+
*{{FHL|1193810|title-id|disp='''Progreso/Thayer''', index and manifests 1928-1955}} (M1851)<br>  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=830287&disp=Index+and+manifests+of+alien+arrivals+at++ '''Roma''', index and manifests 1928-1955] (M1503)<br>  
+
*{{FHL|830287|title-id|disp='''Roma''', index and manifests 1928-1955}} (M1503)<br>  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=738348&disp=Manifests+of+alien+arrivals+at+Yseleta2++ '''Yseleta''', alphabetical manifests and applications for I.D. cards 1924-1954] (M1849)  
+
*{{FHL|738348|title-id|disp='''Ysleta''', alphabetical manifests and applications for I.D. cards 1924-1954}} (M1849)  
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=737949&disp=Indexes+and+manifests+of+alien+arrivals+++ '''Zapata''', indexes and manifests 1923-1953] (M2024)<br>
+
*{{FHL|737949|title-id|disp='''Zapata''', indexes and manifests 1923-1953}} (M2024)<br>
 +
 
 +
== Web Sites  ==
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== References  ==
 +
 
 +
'''A wiki article describing this collection is found at:'''
 +
 
 +
*[[Texas, Eagle Pass Arrival Manifests and Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
 
 +
''[[Texas]] Research Outline''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.(All of the information from the original research article has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.)
 +
 
 +
{{Texas|Texas}}
  
[[Category:Texas]]
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[[Category:Texas|Emigration]] [[Category:Mexicans]]

Revision as of 19:27, 19 June 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Texas  Gotoarrow.png  Emigration and Immigration

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Contents

People

The first settlers of Texas generally came from Spain, although a few Frenchmen settled in eastern Texas. Between 1821 and 1836 about 38,000 settlers came from the United States, especially from the southern states. In the thirty years before the Civil War, many European emigrants came to Texas. They were mostly Germans, Poles, Czechs, Swedes, Norwegians, and Irish. By 1850, some 33,000 Germans had settled in Texas.

After the Civil War many people left the South and went to Texas. Others came from the North Central states, especially farmers of Swedish, Polish, and Irish descent. More Europeans came at this time, including Belgians, Danes, and Greeks. Most of these settled in the cities.

Two excellent histories that include the names of families who migrated to Texas from southern states are:

Williams, Villamae ed. Stephen F. Austin's Register of Families. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1989. FHL book 976.4 W2au 1989. This is based on original records in the General Land Office and pertains to families who arrived before statehood.

Marsh, Helen and Timothy. Tennesseans in Texas. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1986. FHL book 976.4 X2mh 1850. The information in this is based on the 1850 census.

Records of major ethnic groups are listed in the catalog under TEXAS - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION and TEXAS - MINORITIES. You will find information about immigrant groups from Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Norway, Poland, and Sweden, as well as African-Americans, Ukrainians, and Wends. Records of Native Americans are listed in the locality search under TEXAS - NATIVE RACES and in the subject section of the catalog under the name of the tribe or language group.

Some excellent examples of ethnic sources that include lists of names are:

Hejl, Edmond H. Villages of origin (Protestant) : specific Czechs and Moravians in Texas associated with specific villages of origin in Cechy or Moravia, abstracted from the register records of the Ross Prairie, Wesley and Nelsonville Brethren Churches, 1872-1900 FHL book 976.4 F2h and FHL fiche 6125134.

Geue, Chester W. and Ethel H. Geue. A New Land Beckoned: German Immigration to Texas, 1844-7. Enlarged ed. Waco, Texas: Texian Press, 1972. FHL book 976.4 W2g 1972 1966 ed. on FHL film 1000608 item 5.

Geue, Ethel H. New Homes in a New Land: German Immigration to Texas, 1847-1861. Waco, Texas: Texian Press, 1970. FHL book 976.4 W2ge.

The Spanish American Genealogical Association can be a good resource to find your hispanic ancestors, whether they came from Mexico or Spain.

Passenger Arrival Records

Many people who moved to Texas originally arrived in the United States at the port of New Orleans. The National Archives and the Family History Library have passenger lists for New Orleans dating from 1820 to 1921, with indexes to 1952.

Galveston passenger lists from 1846 to 1871, 1896 to 1921, and index 1896-1951 are available at the National Archives and FHL film 830233, and are indexed in two sources:

Ships Passenger Lists, Port of Galveston, Texas, 1846-1871. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1984. FHL book 976.4139/G1 W3s.

Blaha, Albert J. Passenger Lists for Galveston, 1850-1855. [Houston, Texas: A.J. Blaha], 1985. FHL book 976.4139/G1 W3b and FHL fiche 6099940. This includes some Indianola arrivals.

The National Archives and the Family History Library also have Galveston arrival lists for 1893 and 1896 to 1921 FHL films 1414827-40; 1414865-70 and indexes from 1896 to 1906 and 1906 to 1951 FHL films 1402451-60. Passenger lists and indexes are listed in the catalog under TEXAS - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION.

See also Index of Vessels Arriving at:

Mexican Border Crossing Records

Numerous Mexicans came to Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. These include:

Web Sites

References

A wiki article describing this collection is found at:

Texas Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.(All of the information from the original research article has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.)