Texas and Pacific Railway

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[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] >  [[US Migration Railroads|Railroads ]] >  [[Texas and Pacific Railway|Texas and Pacific Railway]]  
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[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] >  [[US Migration Railroads|Railroads ]] >  [[Texas_and_Pacific_Railway|Texas and Pacific Railway]]  
  
In December 1881 the Texas and Pacific Railway linked to the Southern Pacific Railroad in Sierra Blanca, Texas to create the third transcontinental railroad line in the United States by connecting Texarkana (and St. Louis) to Los Angeles. Settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the railroads provided access to markets. Railroads encouraged settlement along their routes to help increase the need for their service. If an ancestor settled near a railroad, you may be able to trace their place of origin back to another place along the tracks.  
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In December 1881 the Texas and Pacific Railway linked to the [[Southern Pacific Railroad|Southern Pacific Railroad]] in Sierra Blanca, [[Texas]] to create the third [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcontinental_railroad transcontinental railroad] line in the [[United States|United States]] by connecting St. Louis (via Texarkana) to Los Angeles. Settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the railroads provided access to markets. Railroads encouraged settlement along their routes to help increase the need for their service. If an ancestor settled near a railroad, you may be able to trace their place of origin back to another place along the [[Image:T&P Marshall Texas Depot.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]tracks.  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
The Texas and Pacific Railway started in Marshall, Texas and built track from Texarkana to Dallas in 1873. The Texarkana terminal was important because it gave the T&amp;P access to the St. Louis, Iron Mountain, and Southern tracks to St. Louis and much larger markets. T&amp;P extented their tracks to Fort Worth in 1876. In a burst in 1881 their tracks connected to the tracks of the Southern Pacific Railroad from California at Sierra Blanca, Texas, creating the third transcontinental service in the United States. The next year, 1882, T&amp;P built into New Orleans.<ref>"History" in ''Texas and Pacific Railroad Museum'' at www.marshalldepot.org/History.htm (accessed 4 July 2009).</ref>  
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The Texas and Pacific Railway started in Marshall, [[Texas]] and built track from Texarkana, [[Arkansas|Arkansas]]&nbsp;to Dallas, Texas&nbsp;in 1873. The Texarkana terminal was important because it gave the T&amp;P access to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Louis,_Iron_Mountain_and_Southern_Railway St. Louis, Iron Mountain, and Southern] tracks to St. Louis, [[Missouri]]&nbsp;and much larger markets. T&amp;P extented their tracks to Fort Worth, Texas&nbsp;in 1876. In a burst in 1881 their tracks connected to the tracks of the [[Southern Pacific Railroad|Southern Pacific Railroad from California]] at Sierra Blanca, Texas, creating the third transcontinental service in the United States. The next year, 1882, T&amp;P built into New Orleans, [[Louisiana]].<ref>"History" in ''Texas and Pacific Railroad Museum'' at www.marshalldepot.org/History.htm (accessed 4 July 2009).</ref> Texas and Pacific also came to control many tracks in [[Oklahoma]].
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=== Settlers and Records  ===
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Settlers who used the Texas and Pacific Railway would most likely have come from [[Illinois]], [[Iowa]], [[Missouri]], [[Arkansas|Arkansas]], [[Louisiana]], [[Oklahoma]], or [[Texas]]. They most likely would have settled in [[Texas]], [[Oklahoma]], [[New Mexico|New Mexico]], [[Arizona|Arizona]], or [[California|California]].
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No known passenger lists for the Texas and Pacific Railway exist.
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
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A typical transcontinental route using the Texas and Pacific line included:  
 
A typical transcontinental route using the Texas and Pacific line included:  
  
*St. Louis, Missouri  
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*St. Louis, [[Missouri]]
*Texarkana, Arkansas  
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*Texarkana, [[Arkansas|Arkansas]]
*Marshall, Texas  
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*Marshall, [[Texas]]
 
*Dallas, Texas  
 
*Dallas, Texas  
 
*Fort Worth, Texas  
 
*Fort Worth, Texas  
 
*El Paso, Texas  
 
*El Paso, Texas  
*Deming, New Mexico
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*Deming,[[New Mexico|New Mexico]]
*Tucson, Arizona  
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*Tucson, [[Arizona|Arizona]]
 
*Yuma, Arizona  
 
*Yuma, Arizona  
*Los Angeles, California
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*Los Angeles, [[California|California]]
  
 
=== Internet Links  ===
 
=== Internet Links  ===
  
[http://www.marshalldepot.org/index2.htm Texas and Pacific Railway Museum] - history and photos
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*[http://www.marshalldepot.org/index2.htm Texas and Pacific Railway Museum] - history and photos  
 
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_and_Pacific_Railway Wikipedia - Texas and Pacific Railway] - timeline, legal disputes, land grants, land trust
Wikipedia - Texas and Pacific Railway  
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=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===
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{{reflist}}<br>
 
{{reflist}}<br>
  
[[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal|United_States_Migration_Internal]] [[Category:US_Migration_Railroads|US_Migration_Railroads]] [[Category:Texas|Texas]] [[Category:Arkansas|Arkansas]] [[Category:Louisiana|Louisiana]]
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{{Arizona|Arizona}}{{Arkansas|Arkansas}}{{California|California}}{{Louisiana|Louisiana}}{{Missouri|Missouri}}{{New Mexico|New Mexico}}{{Texas|Texas}}
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[[Category:Migration_Routes|Texas and Pacific]] [[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal|Texas and Pacific]] [[Category:US_Migration_Railroads|Texas and Pacific]] [[Category:Arizona|Texas and Pacific]]
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[[Category:Arkansas|Texas and Pacific]]  
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[[Category:California|Texas and Pacific]]
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[[Category:Louisiana|Texas and Pacific]]
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[[Category:Missouri|Texas and Pacific]]
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[[Category:Oklahoma|Texas and Pacific]]
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[[Category:New Mexico|Texas and Pacific]]
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[[Category:Texas|Texas and Pacific]]

Revision as of 18:25, 16 December 2010

United States  >  Migration  >  Railroads  >  Texas and Pacific Railway

In December 1881 the Texas and Pacific Railway linked to the Southern Pacific Railroad in Sierra Blanca, Texas to create the third transcontinental railroad line in the United States by connecting St. Louis (via Texarkana) to Los Angeles. Settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the railroads provided access to markets. Railroads encouraged settlement along their routes to help increase the need for their service. If an ancestor settled near a railroad, you may be able to trace their place of origin back to another place along the
T&P Marshall Texas Depot.jpg
tracks.

Contents

Historical Background

The Texas and Pacific Railway started in Marshall, Texas and built track from Texarkana, Arkansas to Dallas, Texas in 1873. The Texarkana terminal was important because it gave the T&P access to the St. Louis, Iron Mountain, and Southern tracks to St. Louis, Missouri and much larger markets. T&P extented their tracks to Fort Worth, Texas in 1876. In a burst in 1881 their tracks connected to the tracks of the Southern Pacific Railroad from California at Sierra Blanca, Texas, creating the third transcontinental service in the United States. The next year, 1882, T&P built into New Orleans, Louisiana.[1] Texas and Pacific also came to control many tracks in Oklahoma.

Settlers and Records

Settlers who used the Texas and Pacific Railway would most likely have come from Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, or Texas. They most likely would have settled in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, or California.

No known passenger lists for the Texas and Pacific Railway exist.

Route

A typical transcontinental route using the Texas and Pacific line included:

Internet Links

Sources

  1. "History" in Texas and Pacific Railroad Museum at www.marshalldepot.org/History.htm (accessed 4 July 2009).