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The Mimosa was a clipper ship best known for its voyage to Patagonia in Argentina in 1865, carrying the first Welsh emigrants. Their aim was to establish a Welsh colony which would preserve the Welsh language and culture, which they felt were under threat in Wales.

By the time Mimosa made the voyage, it was already past its prime as a clipper, having been built in 1853 at Hall's shipyard in Aberdeen. It had not been designed to carry passengers, and had been converted for the purpose. The cost of fitting provisioning and chartering the ship was £2,500 and the passengers paid £12 per adult or £6 per child for the journey. [1]

Prior to the voyage the emigrants assembled at various points to prepare for the journey, including Aberdare, Birkenhead, Rhosllannerchrugog and Mountain Ash, but these were not always the places of origin of the passengers.

The Mimosa sailed from Liverpool, England on May 28 1865 to Patagonia, with a group of about 153 passengers with Captain George Pepperell and a crew of 18. Thomas Greene, an Irishman from Kildare, had been appointed as ship's surgeon. They landed on July 28 1865 and named their landing site Porth Madryn (or Puerto Madryn in Spanish). They were met by Edwyn Cynrig Roberts and Lewis Jones, two Welshmen who had already arrived in Patagonia in June 1865 to prepare for the arrival of the main body of settlers.

The proposed site for the colony was in the Chubut River valley. On September 15 1865 the first town in the Chubut colony was named Rawson, and the settlers went on to build the settlements at Gaiman and Trelew.

The exact number of emigrants who sailed out to Patagonia on the Mimosa remains uncertain. Although one of the original settlers, Richard Jones (known as Berwyn), maintained a register of births, marriages and deaths for many years, most of these original records were lost in the great flood in the Chubut Valley in 1899.

In 1875 the Argentine government granted the Welsh settlers ownership of the land which encouraged hundreds of others from Wales to join the colony.

The colony became known, in Welsh, as Y Wladfa.

Contents

The Advance Party

Name Notes
Edwin Cynrig Roberts Born c1838, Nannerch, Flintshire. Emigrated with his family to Wisconsin, USA in 1847. Left for Buenos Aires on the Córdoba on 12 Mar 1865. Married Ann Jones, 19 Apr 1866. Eventually returned to Wales. Died 1893, Bethesda, Caernarfonshire.
Jones, Lewis Caernarfon. Married Ellen Griffith, 1859, Anglesey. Left for Buenos Aires on The Córdoba on 12 Mar 1865. Died 24 Nov 1904, Trelew, Patagonia. Buried in Moriah Cemetery in the town. Publisher.
Jones, Ellen Born c1840, Anglesey. Wife of Lewis Jones. Left for Buenos Aires on The Córdoba on 12 Mar 1865.


The 1865 Settlers

Name Notes
Austin, Thomas Tegai Born: 1854, Mountain Ash, Glamorgan. An orphan living with Daniel & Mary Evans. Married Mary Elizabeth Williams, 27 May 1875, Patagonia.
Austin, William Born 1852, Mountain Ash, Glamorgan. An orphan living with Daniel & Mary Evans. Married Jane Hughes, 19 Jun 1873, in Rawson, Patagonia.
Davies, Evan
Davies, Ann Wife of Evan Davies.
Davies, Margaret Ann Daughter of Evan & Ann Davies.
Davies, James
(Iago Dafydd)
Born c1847, Brynmawr, Breconshire. Died Feb 1866, Patagonia.
Davies, John
(Ioan Dafydd)
Born c1847, Mountain Ash, Glamorgan.
Davies, Lewis Born c1841, Aberystwyth.
Davies, Rachel Wife of Lewis Davies.
Davies, Thomas G. Son of Lewis & Rachel Davies.
Davies, Robert
Davies, Catherine Wife of Robert Davies.
Davies, William Son of Robert & Catherine Davies.
Davies, Henry Son of Robert & Catherine Davies.
Davies, John Born c1864, Llandrillo. Son of Robert & Catherine Davies. Died 27 Jun 1865 aboard The Mimosa.
Davies, John E.
Davies, Selia Wife of John E. Davies.
Davies, John Son of John E. & Selia Davies.
Davies, Thomas
Davies, Eleanor Second wife of Thomas Davies.
Davies, David Son of Thomas Davies (1st marriage).
Davies, Hannah Daughter of Thomas Davies (1st marriage).
Davies, Elizabeth Daughter of Thomas Davies (1st marriage).
Davies, Ann Daughter of Thomas Davies (1st marriage).
Davies, William
Ellis, John
Ellis, Thomas
Ellis, Richard
Ellis, Frances
Evans, Daniel Married Mary Jones
Evans, Mary Wife of Daniel Evans. Born 1836, Pyle. Died 1912, Patagonia.
Evans, Elizabeth Daughter of Daniel & Mary Evans. Born c1860, Mountain Ash.
Evans, John Daniel Son of Daniel & Mary Evans. Born c1862, Mountain Ash. Died 6 Mar 1943.
Evans, Thomas Pennant
(Twmi Dimol)
Born c1836, Pennant Melangell, Mongomeryshire. A member of the crew. Married Elizabeth Pritchard, 30 Mar 1866. Lost at sea in Feb 1868 aboard The Denby.
Greene, Thomas William Nassau Born c1844, County Kildare, Ireland. Ship's surgeon for the voyage. Died in Jan 1922 in Ireland.
Harris, Thomas
Harris, Sara Wife of Thomas Harris.
Harris, William Son of Thomas & Sara Harris.
Harris, John Son of Thomas & Sara Harris.
Harris, Thomas Son of Thomas & Sara Harris.
Harris, Daniel Son of Thomas & Sara Harris.
Hughes, Catherine
Hughes, Griffith Born c1829, Llanuwchllyn. Coal miner. Living in Rhosllannerchrugog.
Hughes, Mary Wife of Griffith Hughes. Born c1834, Llanuwchllyn.
Hughes, Jane Daughter of Griffith & Mary Hughes. Born c1853, Llanuwchllyn. Married (1): Richard Howell Williams, 15 Jun 1867 in Porth Madryn; (2): William Austin, 19 Jun 1873 in Rawson.
Hughes, Griffith Son of Griffith & Mary Hughes. Born c1856, Llanuwchllyn.
Hughes, David Son of Griffith & Mary Hughes. Born c1859, Llanuwchllyn.
Hughes, John Born c1835. Died 13 March 1866, Patagonia.
Hughes, Elizabeth Wife of John Hughes. Born c1826.
Hughes, William John Son of John & Elizabeth Hughes. Born c1855.
Hughes, Myfanwy Mary Daughter of John & Elizabeth Hughes. Born c1861.
Hughes, John Samuel Son of John & Elizabeth Hughes. Born c1863.
Hughes, Henry Son of John & Elizabeth Hughes. Born c1864, Rhosllannerchrugog. Died 5 Aug 1865, Porth Madryn, Patagonia.
Hughes, Hugh J.
(Cadfan)
Born c1825, Angelsey. Carpenter.
Hughes, Elizabeth Wife of Hugh J Hughes (Cadfan). Born c1820, Caernarfonshire.
Hughes, Jane Daughter of Elizabeth Hughes. Born c1843, Caernarfonshire.
Hughes, David Son of Hugh J & Elizabeth Hughes. Born c1854, Caernarfonshire.
Hughes, Llewelyn Son of Hugh J & Elizabeth Hughes. Born 1861, West Derby, Liverpool, England
Hughes, Richard
Hughes, William
Hughes, Jane Wife of William Hughes.
Hughes, Jane Daughter of William & Jane Hughes.
Hughes, William
Humphreys, Maurice (or Morris) Born c1838, Ganllwyd, Dolgellau, Merionethshire. Married Elizabeth Harriet Adams, 1864, West Derby, Liverpool, England
Humphreys, Elizabeth Harriet Born 1844, Cilcain, Flintshire. Wife of Maurice Humphreys.
Humphreys, Lewis born Ganllwyd, Dolgellau, Merionethshire.
Humphreys, John born Ganllwyd, Dolgellau, Merionethshire.
Huws (or Hughes), Rhydderch
Huws (or Hughes), Sara Wife of Rhydderch Huws.
Huws (or Hughes), Meurig Son of Rhydderch & Sara Huws.
Jenkins, Aaron Born 1 August 1831, St Ffagans, Cardiff. Married (1) Mary James Davies, 27 Jan 1855, Merthyr Tydfil; (2): Rachel Evans, 14 Sep 1860, Merthyr Tydfil; (3): 12 Sep 1868, Coednewydd, Patagonia. Died 17 Jun 1879, Chubut, Patagonia. Coal miner.
Jenkins, Rachel Second wife of Aaron Jenkins.
Jenkins, James Son of Aaron & Rachel Jenkins.
Jenkins, Richard Son of Aaron & Rachel Jenkins. Born 5 May 1861, Troed y Rhiw, Merthyr Tydfil. Married Mary Evans 22 Jun 1895. Died in Esquel, Patagonia.
Jenkins, Thomas Born 3 Dec 1862, Mountain Ash. Died 11 Jun 1865 aboard The Mimosa.
Jenkins, Rachel Daughter of Aaron & Rachel Jenkins. Born 26 Jun 1865 aboard The Mimosa. Died 22 Sep 1865, Rawson, Patagonia.
Jenkins, William
John, David
John, Mary Ann
Jones, Evan Son of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage).
Jones, Thomas Son of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage).
Jones, David Son of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage).
Jones, Elizabeth Daughter of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage).
Jones, Elizabeth
Jones, Anne
Jones, George
Jones, David
Jones, James
Jones, Sarah Wife of James Jones.
Jones, Mary Anne Daughter of James & Sarah Jones.
Jones, James Son of James & Sarah Jones.
Jones, John (Snr.)
Jones, Elizabeth Wife of John Jones (Snr.)
Jones, Richard Son of John & Elizabeth Jones.
Jones, Ann Daughter of John & Elizabeth Jones.
Jones, Margaret Daughter of John & Elizabeth Jones.
Jones, John (Jnr) Son of John Jones (Snr.)
Jones, Mary Wife of John Jones.
Jones, Thomas Harries
Jones, Joseph Seth
Jones, Joshua
Jones, Mary
Jones, Stephen
Jones, William R.
(Bedol)
From Bala, Merionethshire.
Jones, Catherine From Bala. Wife of William R. Jones (Bedol).
Jones, Mary Ann Daughter of William R. & Catherine Jones.
Jones, Jane Daughter of William R. & Catherine Jones.
Jones, Richard
(Berwyn)
Born c1838, Tregeiriog, Denbighshire, into a family from the Berwyn Mountains. Emigrated to New York, USA. Ship's Purser. Married Elizabeth Pritchard, 25 Dec 1868, in Rawson, Patagonia. Died 25 Dec 1917.
Lewis, Anne
Lewis, Mary
Matthews, Abraham Minister.
Matthews, Gwenllian Wife of Abraham Matthews.
Matthews, Mary Annie
Morgan, John From Pen-y-Garn, Aberystwyth.
Nagle, Robert F Born: c1833, Barmouth, Merionethshire. Passenger steward for the voyage. Lost at sea in Feb 1868 in the sinking of The Denby
Owen, Ann
Price, Edward
Price, Martha Wife of Edward Price.
Price, Edward Son of Edward & Martha Price.
Price, Martha Son of Edward & Martha Price.
Price, Griffith From Ffestiniog, Merionethshire.
Pritchard, Elizabeth
Rhys, James Berry Born c1842. Married Grace Roberts, 3 Jul 1868, in Glan Camwy, Patagonia.
Rhys, William Thomas
Richards, William
Roberts, Elizabeth
Roberts, Grace From Bethesda, Caernarfonshire. Married James Berry Rhys, 3 Jul 1868, in Glan Camwy, Patagonia.
Roberts, John Moelwyn From Ffestiniog, Merionethshire.
Roberts, John, From Ffestiniog, Merionsthshire.
Roberts, Mary Wife of John Roberts.
Roberts, Mary Daughter of John & Mary Roberts.
Roberts, Thomas Son of John & Mary Roberts
Roberts, John Son of John & Mary Roberts
Roberts, William
Solomon, Griffith Born c1841, Dolbenmaen, Caernarfonshire. Married Elizabeth Edwards, in Ffestiniog, 1861.
Solomon, Elizabeth Wife of Griffith Solomon. Born c1835, Ffestiniog, Merionethshire.
Solomon, Elizabeth Daughter of Griffith & Elizabeth Solomon. Born 1864, Ffestiniog, Merionethshire. Died 18 Jul 1864 on board The Mimosa.
Thomas, John Murray From Bridgend
Thomas, Robert From Bangor
Thomas, Mary Wife Robert Thomas.
Thomas, Mary Daughter of Robert & Mary Thomas.
Thomas, Catherine Jane Daughter of Robert & Mary Thomas.
Thomas, Thomas
Williams, Amos Born 1841, Llangïan, Caernarfonshire. Passenger's cook for the voyage.
Williams, Eleanor Wife of Amos Williams.
Williams, Elizabeth Daughter of Amos & Eleanor Williams.
Williams, Dafydd From Aberystwyth.
Williams, Jane
Williams, John
Williams, Elizabeth Wife of John Williams.
Williams, John Son of John & Elizabeth Williams.
Williams, Elizabeth Daughter of John & Elizabeth Williams.
Williams, Watkin William Born 1832, Barmouth, Merionethshire.
Williams, Elizabeth Louisa Sister of Watkin William Williams. Born 1838, Barmouth, Merionethshire.
Williams, Watkin Wesley Brother of Watkin William Williams. Born 1838, Barmouth, Merionethshire.
Williams, Catherine
Williams, Robert Meirion Born c1814, Llanfairfechan, Caernarfonshire.
Williams, Richard Howell Born 1847, Llanfairfechan, Caernarfonshire. Son of Robert Meirion Williams. Married 15 Jun 1867, Porth Madryn, Patagonia.
Williams, Thomas
Williams, Mary,
Williams, William
Wood, Elizabeth


Bibliography

  • Susan Wilkinson - Mimosa: the life & times of the ship that sailed to Patagonia, Y Lolfa, 2007 (ISBN: 9780862439521)
  • Susan Wilkinson - Mimosa's Voyages: Official Logs, Crew List and Masters, Y Lolfa, 2007 (ISBN: 9780862439835)

(Susan Wilkinson is the great-great niece of Thomas Greene, the ship's doctor for the voyage)

References

1841, 1851 and 1861 censuses for Wales and England
  1. Buenos Aires Herald, September 1998

External links


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