Thuringia - Sachsen Schwarzburg Rudolstadt - Fürstentum (principality)TaxesEdit This Page
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is a levying tax to finance an army which was to defend against the Turks. Since Constantinople fell in 1453 the constantly westward moving Turkish army became a threat to the European rulers. This menace was present during the 16th and 17th century. To finance impending wars a tax was levied and the population required to pay a “Gemeiner Pfennig” or “Reichspfennig”. Tax lists, so called “Türkensteuerlisten”, were established, first in 1481 within the borders of the Empire, in 1521 also in territories outside of the Empire. When the Turks were defeated in 1683 at the Battle of Kahlenberg/Vienna, they were eventually driven away and no longer posed a threat.
The importance of the Türkensteuerlisten lies in the proof of population numbers and names in villages for the first time.
There are some Türkensteuerlisten available for Sachsen-Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt at www.familysearch.org , catalog, Mitteldeutsche Familienkunde Bd. 3 Jahrgang 11-13, Heft 4, Oktober-Dezember 1970, pg. 112 pp. Call number 943B2mf