Thurston County, Washington Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki

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{{Tip|Don't overlook {{FHL|Washington, Thurston|place|disp={{PAGENAME}}}} items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see [[Thurston County, Washington#Archives.2C_Libraries.2C_etc.|Archives and Libraries]].}}  
 
{{Tip|Don't overlook {{FHL|Washington, Thurston|place|disp={{PAGENAME}}}} items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see [[Thurston County, Washington#Archives.2C_Libraries.2C_etc.|Archives and Libraries]].}}  
  
 
==== Bible Records  ====
 
==== Bible Records  ====
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{{WA Bible Intro}}
  
 
==== Biography  ====
 
==== Biography  ====
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{{WA Biogs Intro}}
  
 
*[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=28599 ''Early history of Thurston County, Washington : together with biographies and reminiscences of those identified with pioneer days''] (If the link does not work, go to [http://www.ancestry.com/ ancestry.com] ($), click '''Search''', select '''Card Catalog''', paste Title into search box.)
 
*[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=28599 ''Early history of Thurston County, Washington : together with biographies and reminiscences of those identified with pioneer days''] (If the link does not work, go to [http://www.ancestry.com/ ancestry.com] ($), click '''Search''', select '''Card Catalog''', paste Title into search box.)
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==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
  
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==== Directories  ====
 
==== Directories  ====
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*{{FHL|1126858|item|disp=Olympia (Washington) city directories}} (Microfilm)
 
*{{FHL|1126858|item|disp=Olympia (Washington) city directories}} (Microfilm)
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==== Emigration and Immigration  ====
 
==== Emigration and Immigration  ====
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{{WA Emig Intro}}
  
 
*[[United States Emigration and Immigration|United States Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[United States Emigration and Immigration|United States Emigration and Immigration]]
  
 
==== Ethnic, Political or Religious Groups  ====
 
==== Ethnic, Political or Religious Groups  ====
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{{WA Ethnic etc. Intro}}
  
 
===== American Indians  =====
 
===== American Indians  =====
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==== Gazetteers  ====
 
==== Gazetteers  ====
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{{WA Gazetters Intro}}
  
 
==== Genealogy  ====
 
==== Genealogy  ====
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{{WA Genealogy Intro}}
  
 
*[http://www.kindredtrails.com/WA_Thurston.html Thurston County Washington Genealogy and Family History Resources]  
 
*[http://www.kindredtrails.com/WA_Thurston.html Thurston County Washington Genealogy and Family History Resources]  
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==== Guardianship  ====
 
==== Guardianship  ====
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Guardianship of orphans or adults unable to manage their own affairs were handled by the [[Adams County, Washington#Probate_Records|probate]] and the Federal District courts. See [[Washington Court Records]].  
 
Guardianship of orphans or adults unable to manage their own affairs were handled by the [[Adams County, Washington#Probate_Records|probate]] and the Federal District courts. See [[Washington Court Records]].  
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{{WA Land Intro}}  
 
{{WA Land Intro}}  
 
  
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1762885/waypoints County Land Records, 1850-1954] at ''Washington, County Land Records, 1850-1954'' at FamilySearch Historical Collections. (Free, browse images)  
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1762885/waypoints County Land Records, 1850-1954] at ''Washington, County Land Records, 1850-1954'' at FamilySearch Historical Collections. (Free, browse images)  
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==== Maps  ====
 
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[[Image:Wathurston.jpg|300px|Wathurston.jpg]] <br>{{WAMapInfo}} Area map and other information from 1895: [http://www.livgenmi.com/1895/WA/ http://www.livgenmi.com/1895/WA/]  
 
[[Image:Wathurston.jpg|300px|Wathurston.jpg]] <br>{{WAMapInfo}} Area map and other information from 1895: [http://www.livgenmi.com/1895/WA/ http://www.livgenmi.com/1895/WA/]  
  
 
==== Migration  ====
 
==== Migration  ====
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{{WA Migration Intro}}
  
 
==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
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{{WA Military Intro}}
  
 
Some military records for this county have been digitized at the [http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/RecordSeriesInfo.aspx?rsid=6 Washington State Digital Archives].  
 
Some military records for this county have been digitized at the [http://www.digitalarchives.wa.gov/RecordSeriesInfo.aspx?rsid=6 Washington State Digital Archives].  
  
 
==== Naturalization and Citizenship  ====
 
==== Naturalization and Citizenship  ====
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{{WA Naturalization Intro}}
  
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1932554/waypoints County Naturalization Records, 1850-1982]. at ''Washington, County Naturalization Records, 1850-1982'' at FamilySearch Historical Collections. (Free, browse images)  
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1932554/waypoints County Naturalization Records, 1850-1982]. at ''Washington, County Naturalization Records, 1850-1982'' at FamilySearch Historical Collections. (Free, browse images)  
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==== Newspapers  ====
 
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*[[{{PAGENAME}} Newspapers]] (Sortable by towns, years, and titles)
 
*[[{{PAGENAME}} Newspapers]] (Sortable by towns, years, and titles)
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==== Obituaries  ====
 
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==== Periodicals  ====
 
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==== Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.  ====
 
==== Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.  ====
  
 
==== Probate Records  ====
 
==== Probate Records  ====
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{{WA Probate Intro|Thurston}}
  
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecords%2Fwaypoint%2FM948-QLY%3A194219052%3Fcc%3D1910364 1876-1929] Part of: ''County  Records, 1856-2009'' FamilySearch Historical Collections (free)
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecords%2Fwaypoint%2FM948-QLY%3A194219052%3Fcc%3D1910364 1876-1929] Part of: ''County  Records, 1856-2009'' FamilySearch Historical Collections (free)
  
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1454946 County Probate Case Files, 1832-1950] FamilySearch Historical Collections (free)
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1454946 County Probate Case Files, 1832-1950] FamilySearch Historical Collections (free)
 
{{WA Probate Intro|Thurston}}
 
  
 
*{{FHL|663648|item|disp=Probate records, 1853-1963; indexes, 1887-1949, 1853-1963}}  
 
*{{FHL|663648|item|disp=Probate records, 1853-1963; indexes, 1887-1949, 1853-1963}}  
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==== Public Records  ====
 
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{{WA Public Records}}
  
 
*Thurston [https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-22029-21868-65?cc=1404287&wc=12809236 Postmaster Index].  Part of ''Washington, Postmaster Indexes, Prior to 1965'', [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=58 FamilySearch Historical Collections] for Washington. (Free, browse Postmaster Index]. images)
 
*Thurston [https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-22029-21868-65?cc=1404287&wc=12809236 Postmaster Index].  Part of ''Washington, Postmaster Indexes, Prior to 1965'', [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=58 FamilySearch Historical Collections] for Washington. (Free, browse Postmaster Index]. images)
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===== Birth  =====
 
===== Birth  =====
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*{{FHL|433620|item|disp=Register of births, Thurston County, State of Washington, 1891-1907}}
 
*{{FHL|433620|item|disp=Register of births, Thurston County, State of Washington, 1891-1907}}
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===== Death  =====
 
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{{WA Death Intro}}
  
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1454923 Washington, Death Certificates, 1907-1960]  ''Washington, Death Certificates, 1907-1960'' at FamilySearch Historical Collections. (Free, browse images)
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1454923 Washington, Death Certificates, 1907-1960]  ''Washington, Death Certificates, 1907-1960'' at FamilySearch Historical Collections. (Free, browse images)
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===== Divorce  =====
 
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Divorce records give the names of the parties and may give the date and place of their marriage. See [[Washington Vital Records#Divorce_Records|Washington Vital Records]] for excellent information.  
 
Divorce records give the names of the parties and may give the date and place of their marriage. See [[Washington Vital Records#Divorce_Records|Washington Vital Records]] for excellent information.  
  
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==== Websites  ====
 
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{{Tip|Check back often with these websites. Internet offerings are growing at record rates.}}  
 
{{Tip|Check back often with these websites. Internet offerings are growing at record rates.}}  
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=== Archives, Libraries, etc.  ===
 
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Resources for {{PAGENAME}} are available in libraries, archives, and other repositories at all levels: the town, the county, the [[Washington Archives and Libraries|state]] (including [[Washington Archives and Libraries#University_Libraries_and_Special_Collections|universities]]), and the [[United States Archives and Libraries|nation]].  
 
Resources for {{PAGENAME}} are available in libraries, archives, and other repositories at all levels: the town, the county, the [[Washington Archives and Libraries|state]] (including [[Washington Archives and Libraries#University_Libraries_and_Special_Collections|universities]]), and the [[United States Archives and Libraries|nation]].  
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{{WALibraries Intro}}  
 
{{WALibraries Intro}}  
 
  
 
*Timberline Libraries - Thurston County
 
*Timberline Libraries - Thurston County
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===== Museums  =====
 
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===== Societies  =====
 
===== Societies  =====
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~waogs/ Olympia Genealogical Society]  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~waogs/ Olympia Genealogical Society]  

Revision as of 20:21, 2 January 2014

United States Gotoarrow.png WashingtonGotoarrow.png Thurston County
Percival Landing Park in Olympia, Thurston County, Washington.


Guide to Thurston County, Washington Genealogy genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records, since 1852, when the county was formed.

County QuickStart:


800px-Flag map of Washington.svg.png Washington
Online Records
Thurston County, Washington
Map
Map of Washington highlighting Thurston County
Location in the state of Washington
Map of the U.S. highlighting Washington
Location of Washington in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 12 January, 1852
County Seat Olympia
Courthouse
Address [http://www.co.thurston.wa.us/clerk/ Thurston County Courthouse

Contents

County Overview

Parent County(s)

Thurston County, Washington was created 12 January 1852 from Clark County.[1]

County Seat: Olympia [2]. See also Towns and Communities in Thurston County, Washington Genealogy. For Courthouse, see Archives, libraries, etc.

Boundary Changes

Neighboring Counties

Thurston County, Washington Genealogy is surrounded by: Grays Harbor | Lewis | Mason | Pierce

Thurston CountyPierce CountyLewis CountyCowlitz CountySkamania CountyYakima CountyKittitas CountyKing CountyKitsap CountyMason CountyGrays Harbor CountyPacific CountyWahkiakum CountyJefferson CountyChelan CountyThurston County.JPG

Courthouse

Thurston County Courthouse
2000 Lakeridge Dr SW;
Olympia, WA 98502
Phone: 360.786.5438

County Auditor has birth and death records 1891-1907
and marriage records from 1891.
County Clerk has divorce probate and court records. [4]

Many civil records have been digitized and are available through the Thurston County Clerk's Office: http://www.co.thurston.wa.us/clerk/citizens%20guide.html

See also Archives, libraries, etc. in Thurston County, Washington Genealogy.

Dates of Major County Records

Beginning dates for major county records[5]
Birth
Marriage
Death
Land
Probate
Court
1891*
1877*
1891*
1852
1853
1852
* For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Record Loss =

In August 1848 Congress established Oregon Territory, which included the future state of Washington. By 1850 there were more than 300 non-Indian inhabitants north of the Columbia River, and as the new communities on and near the southern shores of Puget Sound began to grow, so grew the need for a local organized government and a new county. Simmons (in honor of Michael Simmons) was proposed as the name of the new county.

Instead, Thurston was chosen as the new county’s name and Olympia was chosen as the county seat. The Oregon Territorial Legislature carved the new county out of Lewis County on January 12, 1852. The early Thurston County was considerably larger than it is today, covering territory from west of the Cascades to the coast and north to the Canadian border. However, other counties were quickly formed from parts of Thurston County and by 1877 it had been reduced to its present size.

Thurston County’s name came from Samuel R. Thurston (1816-1851), the first delegate to Congress in 1849 from the new Oregon Territory, who had made a name for himself during his brief tenure in office defending the territorial rights of the northern part of Oregon Territory against the claims of the Hudson’s Bay Company.[6]

Topics for Thurston County, Washington Genealogy

The topics or headings on this page describe records that are used for genealogy and family history. They include links to web sites with indexes, images, or information about the county.


Bible Records

 

Biography

Biographical information is often found in state and local histories or genealogies. See also Washington Biography.

Cemeteries

Cemetery records often reveal birth, death, relationship, military, and religious information. Tombstones, sextons (caretakers) records, and burial records each have slightly different information. See Washington Cemeteries.


Thurston County, Washington Genealogy cemeteries from state and national resources
Online County-wide Name Searches
Published Grave
Transcripts
Lists of Cemeteries
(Several will also link to names)
FindAGrave (Add a name to the search) FamilySearch Library Click Cemeteries. Press space bar to select town FindAGrave
WA State Archives - Digital Collections Click any cemetery for search window, select county, enter name(s). WorldCat Interment.net
Billion Graves Switch to "Person Lookup" Washington Periodicals Washington State Digital Archives Put county name in Search box
Linkpendium
Billion Graves
USGenWeb Tombstone Project
Genealogy Trails
See Washington Cemeteries for details about these and other sites.

Census

Federal Census Contents
Names, ages, birthplaces 1850–1940
Birthplaces of parents 1880–1940
Relationships 1880–1940
Family and Neighbors All years
Immigration year 1900–1930
Citizenship 1910–1940

Censuses 1) Give names, ages, and more about the family; 2) Pinpoint the area to find other records; and 3) Provide clues for further research.


Church Records

The information church records provide depends upon the church practices and the record keepers. Records may include names, ages, and dates of events such as baptism, marriage, or burial. See Washington Church Records.

  • Church records (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) for Thurston County, Washington Genealogy are listed in the FamilySearch catalog. (Press space bar to select town.)

Court Records

Your ancestors may be found in court records as defendants, plaintiffs, witnesses, or jurors. Court records can clarify family relationships, places of residence, occupations, and family history. See Washington Court Records for courts used through the years.

ArrowGreen.svg.png
For specialized court records, see Divorce  · Guardianship  · Land  · Naturalization · Probate

Directories

 

Emigration and Immigration

 

Ethnic, Political or Religious Groups

 

American Indians
Japanese

World War II Files, 1942-1946

Public Welfare/Social Security Department, (Japanese Internment) Assistance Cases, Evacuee Referrals for Resettlement and Assistance, 1945-1946 from the Washington State Archives – Digital Archives

Gazetteers

Template:WA Gazetters Intro

Genealogy

Many local libraries and societies have collections of family genealogies. County histories or biographies often include brief genealogies of the featured persons.

A FamilySearch Community Tree is available for this place.

Guardianship

Guardianship of orphans or adults unable to manage their own affairs were handled by the probate and the District courts. See Washington Court Records.

Guardianship of orphans or adults unable to manage their own affairs were handled by the probate and the Federal District courts. See Washington Court Records.

History

Local histories for Thurston County, Washington Genealogy may include biographies, history of churches, schools, local government with names of officials, military information, and more. See Washington Local Histories.

History Timeline

Historical County Boundaries from Newberry Library[7]

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from Wilma, David. Thurston County -- Thumbnail History, History Link.org Essay 7979.

  • Native Americans had been residents of southern Puget Sound long before the first documented white settlers passed through in 1792
  • 1792 - May, The first documented exploration of Puget Sound was headed by British captain George Vancouver.
  • 1820s - White explorers next visited the area when scouts of the British-owned Hudson’s Bay Company passed through.
  • 1833 - April, The Hudson’s Bay Company subsequently established Fort Nisqually.
  • 1845 - October, Michael Simmons settled near Tumwater Falls and established the first American settlement in what would become the state of Washington.
  • 1852 - January 12, The Oregon Territorial Legislature carved Thurston county out of Lewis County.
  • 1853 - March 2, U.S. President Millard Fillmore establishes Washington Territory.
  • 1854 - December, Governor Isaac Stevens and 62 leaders of major Indian tribes in western Washington met at Medicine Creek (now McAllister Creek) in Thurston County and signed what became known as the Medicine Creek Treaty.

Land and Property

Land Records reveal
Yes or Maybe  Y  M
Seller (Grantor) Green check.png  
Seller's Spouse Green check.png  
Buyer (Grantee) Green check.png  
Heirs   Green check.png
Witnesses Green check.png  
Land Description and Dates Green check.png  
Tips -or- Land Contents

Land records (especially deeds) may give the name of a spouse, heirs, and witnesses, who may be relatives or in-laws.

County deeds, mortgages, and leases show transfers from person to person. See also Court Records for actions involving real estate. See Washington Land for government-to-person records.

Maps

 

Wathurston.jpg
This map highlights the county within the state of Washington. The map soon will have inter-active links. Area map and other information from 1895: http://www.livgenmi.com/1895/WA/

Migration

Most residents came to Washington from other states or crossed the border from Canada. (See Seattle Passenger Lists for those who came from other countries.) Although few other migration records exist, try:

Censuses (use birthdates and places of children as clues)
Land (1st deed may reveal previous residence)
Death-related records of children may give town or county of birth
• Records of relatives and neighbors

Military

 

Some military records for this county have been digitized at the Washington State Digital Archives.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Declarations of Intent before 1906 often include the nation of origin, his* foreign and "Americanized" names, residence, and date of arrival. See Washington Naturalization and Citizenship for more information.     *Women were not naturalized until 1922 in the United States.

Included in above collection: Petition records & index, Naturalization certificate receipts, Journal of Citizenship index, Delectation of Intention, and Application of oaths.

Declarations of Intent before 1906 often include the nation of origin, his* foreign and "Americanized" names, residence, and date of arrival. See Washington Naturalization and Citizenship for more information.    (*Women were not naturalized until 1922 in the United States.)

Newspapers

Small town newspapers provide historical content and contain obituaries, birth or death notices, legal notices, and community news, such as visits to or from out-of-town relatives. See Washington Newspapers for tips, resources, and details.

Finding More Washington Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Thurston County, Washington Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

  • WorldCat (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).
  • Do a search for these and other records in the FamilySearch Catalog. To select a county in Washington, add a comma, slide way down to the county list, then click Search. (Almost every state seems to have a Washington County)

Obituaries

Obituaries may mention birth, marriage, spouse, parents, living family members, education, occupation, and more. See Washington Obituaries for state level collections and United States Obituaries for tips and insights.

ArrowGreen.svg.png
See also: NewspapersLibrariesSocietiesFuneral Homes • Obituaries of neighboring counties or of the person's previous residence • Family records.

Also check:

Funeral Homes

Periodicals

 

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Probate Records

Probate records identify heirs of the decedents, give the (approximate) death dates, and provide specifics about property holdings. The records were kept by the county judge.

These include wills, inheritance records, dockets, and other documents regarding property and estates of individuals who have died. See also Court Records for civil actions involving estates. Also see Washington Probate Records.

  • 1876-1929 Part of: County Records, 1856-2009 FamilySearch Historical Collections (free)

Public Records

Public records are documents created by civil authorities that either don't fit comfortably in another topic, or that could fit in several topics.

Taxation

Washington tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Washington Taxation.

Vital Records

The county auditors in Washington kept records of birth, marriage, and death. The county clerk has the divorce records - the earliest dates to the present.

See also How to order Washington Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for Washington Birth or Death Certificate and Marriage or Divorce Certificate Applications to mail. See Washington Vital Records for details and history of the records. .

Birth
Birth Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Name of Child Green check.png  
Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
Parent's Names Green check.png  
Mother's Maiden Name Green check.png  
Parent's Ages   Green check.png
Parents' State or Country of Birth Green check.png  
Name of Doctor or Midwife Green check.png  

In 1891, coroners, physicians, and midwives were to "return" births and deaths to the county auditor. Many went unrecorded. In 1907, the State Center for Health Statistics assumed this responsibility.[8]

ArrowGreen.svg.png
See Washington Online Genealogy Records for indexes.
Also see Washington Birth Records.

Template:WA Birth Tips

Marriage
Marriage Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Date of Marriage or License Green check.png  
Names of Bride and Groom Green check.png  
Ages Green check.png  
Birth Places Green check.png  
Residences Green check.png  
Names of Parents   Green check.png
Husband's Occupation   Green check.png
Witnesses Green check.png  
Minister or Officiator Green check.png  

Marriage records include certificates, marriage returns, license applications or affidavits. Counties kept the records until 1968, when the state took over.


ArrowGreen.svg.png
See Washington Online Genealogy Records for indexes.
Also see Washington Marriage Records.

  • 1891-1945 Part of: County Records, 1856-2009 FamilySearch Historical Collections (free)
  • County Marriages,1855-2008 at Washington, County Marriages, 1855-2008 at FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
    • See what genealogical information may be in these records.
    • Includes name of Testator or deceased, friends names, residence of testator, recording dates, etc.
Death
Death Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Name of Deceased Green check.png  
Death Date and Place Green check.png  
Age or Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
Parent's Names Green check.png  
Mother's Maiden Name Green check.png  
Name of Spouse   Green check.png
Residence Green check.png  
Occupation Green check.png  

In 1891, coroners, physicians and midwives were to report (or return) all births and deaths under their supervision to County Auditors. On July 1, 1907, the State took over....[9]

ArrowGreen.svg.png
See Washington Online Genealogy Records for indexes.
Also see Washington Death Records.

  • Washington, Death Certificates, 1907-1960 Washington, Death Certificates, 1907-1960 at FamilySearch Historical Collections. (Free, browse images)
    • See what genealogical information may be in these records.
    • Includes: such information as name of the deceased, date and place of death, age, gender, birth date and birth place, mother’s maiden name and name of spouse, place of residence, occupation and certificate numbers.
Divorce

Divorce records give the names of the parties and may give the date and place of their marriage. See Washington Vital Records for excellent information.

Divorce records give the names of the parties and may give the date and place of their marriage. See Washington Vital Records for excellent information.

Websites



Sites with online indexes or images of records:

Sites that search the Internet for Thurston County, Washington Genealogy records online:

Major catalogs to offline genealogical records:
Catalogs refer to books, microfilm, manuscripts, and/or Internet images and indexes for various topics.

Archives, Libraries, etc.

See also a List of Washington Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies  

Resources for Thurston County, Washington Genealogy are available in libraries, archives, and other repositories at all levels: the town, the county, the state (including universities), and the nation.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Centers for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Libraries

Local public libraries—even smaller ones—often have Unique Genealogical Collections that are not online for the area they serve. Many libraries in Washington have an area dedicated to local history and genealogy.


Museums

 

Societies

 

Towns and Communities

See a list of towns and communities in Thurston County per Wikipedia.

References

  1. The Evolution of Washington Counties by Newton Carl Abbott, Fred E. Carver, 1979. Published by the Yakima Valley Genealogical Society and Klickitat County Genealogical Society.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. John H. Long, Atlas of Historical County Boundaries (Chicago: Newberry Library, 2006) online.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Thurston County, Washington page 734, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 733-734. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  6. HistoryLink.org - The Free Onlline Encyclopedia of Washington State History
  7. John H. Long, Atlas of Historical County Boundaries (Chicago: Newberry Library, 2006) online.
  8. Washington State Archives - Digital Archives, Birth Records, About this Collection
  9. About Death Records at Washington State Digital Archives.