Tracing Immigrants Origin History

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[[Portal:Tracing Immigrant Origins|◄ Return to Portal:Tracing Immigrant Origins]]<br> [[Tracing Immigrants Origin Genealogy|◄ Return to Genealogy]]
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Histories about the country of origin and emigration from that country can reveal much about an emigrant, including the circumstances of the departure. Histories often give clues to emigration patterns and processes. They may also suggest sources of information about specific individuals. One such history is—
  
Compiled genealogies and other sources for previous research should be the first place you look in the old country. A surprising number of genealogies, family history bibliographies, and indexes are published for many countries.  
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*Bolognani, Bonifacio. ''A Courageous People from the Dolomites: The Immigrants from Trentino''. Trento, Italy: Province of Trent, 1981. (FHL book 973 F2b.)
  
'''Global Indexes and Collections'''. These records are generally worldwide, so you only need a vague idea of a place of origin to search them. They are often available at family history centers, arranged by world region or surname.  
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While they may not help localize the surname, histories may identify regions from which most emigration took place. Local histories are even more helpful. Many early emigrants (especially before the 1850s) left from small areas within the old country and settled together in the same area of the new country. Local histories often include lists of local inhabitants who emigrated or indicate places they settled in the new country. Even without names of emigrants, local histories usually include the names of many local families. They are an easily searched source that may identify an individual emigrant, or at least help [[Tracing Immigrants Origin Search Tactics#4._Localize_the_Surname|localize the surname]]. Particularly useful town histories include the Norwegian '''''[[B genealogical glossary terms#Bygdb.C3.B8ker.2C_Norway|Bygdbøker]]''''' and German '''''[[O genealogical glossary terms#Ortssippendb.C3.BCcher|Ortssippenbücher]]''''' (especially for Baden). Of course, local histories can only be useful if you know where the emigrant came from. However, they are easier to search (when available) than most other local records.  
  
[http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=af/search_AF.asp&clear_form=true Ancestral File] links millions of computerized names into families and pedigrees. Many lines extend back to the country of origin. It also helps you find other researchers interested in the same lines.
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[http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=igi/search_IGI.asp&clear_form=true International Genealogical Index] lists millions of names by country or state. It indexes church record births and marriages and is one of the most helpful tools for localizing surnames. The index is an important source and should be one of the first places you check for all countries of origin, especially Belgium, Denmark, England, Finland, Liechtenstein, Mexico, Norway, Scotland, Sweden, Switzerland, and Wales.
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[[Family Group Records Collection|Family Group Records Collection]] (Archive and Patron)includes family sheets arranged alphabetically by the father's name. Many lines are followed back to the emigrant's place of origin.
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[http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Share/Collaborate/frameset_share.asp?PAGE=share_search.asp Collaboration e-mail lists] register individuals who are researching specific surnames and who will share their information with you. . An international query registry is Keith A. Johnson and Malcolm R. Sainty's ''Genealogical Research Directory'' (Washington, D.C.: Johnson &amp; Sainty, 1985- Annual; FHL book 929.1025 G286grd).
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'''Family Histories.''' Your ancestor's birthplace may be published in a family history. Often books published in foreign countries follow family lines down to the name of a family member who emigrated. You may be able to identify an individual in a foreign family history as being your ancestor.
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'''Genealogical Bibliographies and Indexes.''' Many countries have bibliographies of published family histories with alphabetical indexes to the major surnames. Periodical indexes may also help you locate emigrant families. The genealogies cited in these bibliographies or indexes often mention emigrants. The comprehensiveness of these bibliographies and indexes varies by country. Important examples are—
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Arnaud, Étienne. ''Repertoire de généalogies françaises imprimées. [French genealogical bibliography]''. 3 vols. Paris: Berger Levrault, 1978-1982. (FHL book 944 D23a).
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Van Beresteyn, E.A. ''Genealogisch Repertorium. [Dutch Genealogical Bibliography'']. Den Haag, Netherlands: Centraal Bureau voor Genealogie, 1972. (FHL book 949.2 D25b.)
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Marshall, George W., ed. ''The Genealogist's Guide''. Reprint of 1903 ed. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. (FHL book 929.142 M356g; film 496,451.)
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Whitmore, John B. ''A Genealogist's Guide: An Index to British Pedigrees in Continuation of Marshall's Genealogist's Guide (1903''). London: Walford Bro., 1953. (FHL book 929.142 M356g supp.; fiche 6054492.)
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See the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under—
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[COUNTRY] - GENEALOGY - BIBLIOGRAPHY
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[COUNTRY] - GENEALOGY - INDEXES
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'''Genealogical Compendia.''' These collected genealogies (lineages) of thousands of families often mention emigrants. The higher social classes are better represented in most compendia. They are often published as periodicals, and many have indexes. An outstanding series with over 197 volumes for Germany is the—
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''Deutsches Geschlechterbuch [German lineage book'']. Limburg an der Lahn: C.A. Starke, 1889-. (FHL book 943 D2dg.)
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[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Land and Property |Continue to Land and Property ►]]
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[[Category:Tracing_Immigrant_Origins]]
 
[[Category:Tracing_Immigrant_Origins]]

Revision as of 02:45, 3 August 2009

Histories about the country of origin and emigration from that country can reveal much about an emigrant, including the circumstances of the departure. Histories often give clues to emigration patterns and processes. They may also suggest sources of information about specific individuals. One such history is—

  • Bolognani, Bonifacio. A Courageous People from the Dolomites: The Immigrants from Trentino. Trento, Italy: Province of Trent, 1981. (FHL book 973 F2b.)

While they may not help localize the surname, histories may identify regions from which most emigration took place. Local histories are even more helpful. Many early emigrants (especially before the 1850s) left from small areas within the old country and settled together in the same area of the new country. Local histories often include lists of local inhabitants who emigrated or indicate places they settled in the new country. Even without names of emigrants, local histories usually include the names of many local families. They are an easily searched source that may identify an individual emigrant, or at least help localize the surname. Particularly useful town histories include the Norwegian Bygdbøker and German Ortssippenbücher (especially for Baden). Of course, local histories can only be useful if you know where the emigrant came from. However, they are easier to search (when available) than most other local records.