Tuvalu (Ellice Islands)

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==== Tuvalu (Ellice Islands)  ====
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#REDIRECT [[Portal:Tuvalu]]
 
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''Tuvalu'' is a group of nine small atolls in the western Pacific Ocean,. The main island lies north of ''Fiji. Tuvalu ''is the world’s second smallest country. The languages spoken are ''Tuvaluan'' and ''English. Tuvaluans'' are threatened by rising sea levels because the highest point is just 16 feet above sea level. The estimated population is 10,500. 
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The islands are ''Nanumea, Nanumanga, Niutao, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti, Nukulaelae, and Niulakita''.
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'''Historical background<br>'''1400 The first settlers are ''Samoans or Tongans''<br>1818-25 Whalers and traders visit the islands. Some settle there.<br>1826 The islands are mapped and named after a British Member of Parliament named Edward Ellice,
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; who owned the ship that landed on ''Funafuti'' in 1819.<br>1850s Jack O’Brien, of Australian-Irish descent, comes to Funafuti and marries Sarai, the daughter of the King of Funafuti.
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This royal family still bears the O’Brien name.<br>1860 ''Britain'' annexes the islands to protect them from ''Peruvian slave ''traders, who have kidnaped 400 ''Tuvaluans.<br>''1865 The London Missionary Society installs ''Samoan'' pastors on various islands.<br>1892 The islands are a protectorate of ''Britain,'' called the''Gilbert and Ellice Islands.<br>''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Traders from''American, British, French, and German ''trading companies settle and leave their names:
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ''Duffy (Nanumea), Buckland (Niutao, Nitz (Vaitapu), O’Brien (Funafuti), Restieaux, Fenisot (Nukufetau), and Kleis (Nui). <br>''1915 ''Britain'' annexes them as the ''Gilbert and Ellice Island Colony.<br>''1975 The''Ellice Islands ''break away from the ''Gilbert Islands ''and become known as ''Tuvalu.''
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The ''Tuvaluans'' are more ''Polynesian'' while the ''I-Kiribati ''of the ''Gilbert Islands ''are more ''Micronesian'' in ethnicity and culture.<br>1978 They become independent with the name ''Tuvalu. <br>''1979 The ''U.S.A''. gives ''Tuvalu'' four islands that have been ''U.S''. territory.<br>2000 ''Tuvalu'' joins the ''United Nations''.
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'''Resources available<br>'''Civil registrations of birth, marriages and death records are available for the years from 1866-1979. They are microfilm of original records in the ''Tuvalu Archives, Funafuti.'' There are 10 rolls of microfilm.<br>'''VAULT INTL Films:<br>Number 1213002 '''contains records of births in ''Funafuti ''from 1974-1979. Births in''Nanumanga'' from 1902-1952 and from 1968-1973. Births in ''Nanumea'' from 1903-1975. Birth in ''Niutao'' from 1905-1952, from 1890-1899, and from 1952-1955.<br>'''Number 121300'''3 contains records of births in ''Niutao'' from 1955-1874. Births in Niu from 1903-1976.&nbsp; Births in ''Nukufeta''u from 1904-1975.
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'''Number 1213004 '''contains births in ''Nukulaela''e from 1903-1975. Births in ''Vaitupu'' from 1866-1952, 1866-1905, and 1952-1974. Births in ''Northern Ellice ''from 1968-1972.
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'''Number 1213005 '''contains births in ''Northern Ellice and Southern Ellice ''from 1968-19754. Death records in ''Funafati, Nanumanga, Nanumea, Niutao'' ranging from 1903-1969.
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'''Number 1213006 '''contains death records in ''Nui, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae, Vaitupu, Northern Ellice, and Southern Ellic''e ranging from 1903-1979. Marriages in ''Funafati ''from 1933-1979
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'''Number 1213007 '''contains marriage records in ''Nanumanga, Nanumea, Nui'', ranging from 1889-1974. Marriage records in ''Nukufetau ''from 1973-1974 and in ''Nukulaelae'' from 1952-1968.<br>Number 1213008 contains marriage, adoption, and divorce records ranging from 1911-1975.
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'''Number 1213009 '''contains records of Peruvian slave raids, ''Tongan ''wars, old men’s tales, archeological site to 1900, and history and genealogy records up to 1900.
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'''Number 1213010 '''contains notes and genealogies, some of them oral genealogies, and '''Number 1213008.<br>'''
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[[Category:Tuvalu]] [[Category:Pacific_Island_Research]]<br>
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Revision as of 13:13, 21 November 2008

  1. REDIRECT Portal:Tuvalu