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The major European ports of departure in the nineteenth century included Liverpool, LeHavre, Bremen, Hamburg, and Antwerp. Most emigrants after 1880 came through Bremen, Hamburg, LeHavre, Liverpool, Naples, Rotterdam, and Trieste. Some countries kept records of their emigrantsLook this term up in the glossary. (individuals leaving the country). For example, the Family History Library has the Hamburg passenger lists and indexes:
- Hamburg. Auswanderungsamt. Auswandererlisten, 1850-1934 (Emigration Lists, 1850-1934). Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1964, 1975. (On 486 FHL films starting with 884668.)
These passenger lists and indexes are most fully described in Hamburg Passenger Lists Note: the old Hamburg Passenger Lists Resource Guide has been incorporated into this article. Also see the microfiche instructions in Hamburg Passenger Lists.
The library also has a few records for other ports. These are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under [COUNTRY], [COUNTY], [TOWN] - EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION.
A list of emigrants from Russia, Poland, Finland, and the Baltic states is found in:
- Records of the Russian Consular Offices in the United States, 1862-1928. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1986. (On 169 FHL films starting with 1463389.)
The following is an index to the above work:
- Sack, Sallyann Amdur. The Russian Consular Records Index and Catalog. Garland Reference Library of Social Science, v. 392. New York, New York: Garland Publishing, 1987. (FHL book 973 D22s; film 1605681.)
Emigration lists compiled by the Copenhagen Police from 1869 to 1940 give the name, last residence, age, year of emigration and first destination of the emigrant from Denmark. The records are made available for the years 1869 to 1908 (394.000 emigrants) in the Danish Emigration Database at the Danish Emigration Archives.
The records of over 21,000 passengers who embarked at Glasgow and Greenock Scotland for non-European ports between January 1 and April 30, 1923 and other,Scottish ports between 1890 and 1960 are listed on the Scottish Emigration database.
The Immigrant Ancestors Project seeks to identify European emigration records. Their free online database contains thousands of names that have been retrieved from English, French, and Spanish archives. Many of the documents that have been found pertain to nineteenth-century emigrants.