US Immigration Mexican Border Crossings

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(minor changes to definition of statistical reports)
Line 57: Line 57:
 
<br>  
 
<br>  
  
'''Statistical''' reports are for immigrants from outside the Western Hemisphere. &nbsp;  
+
'''Statistical''' reports were for immigrants or non-immigrants from outside the Western Hemisphere. &nbsp;  
  
'''Non-statistical'''&nbsp;reports are for immigrants coming from Western Hemisphere nations.<br> <br>  
+
'''Non-statistical'''&nbsp;reports were for immigrants or non-immigrants who were natives of&nbsp;Western Hemisphere nations.<br> <br>  
  
 
{| width="600" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 
{| width="600" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
Line 83: Line 83:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| width="20" align="left" | Form 502<br>(unnamed)<br> Form 1502<br>(unnamed)  
+
| width="20" align="left" |  
 +
Form 502<br>(unnamed)<br> Form 1502<br>(unnamed)
 +
 
 
| width="75" align="left" | Printed and intended as a card index to ship passenger arrivals. The form listed:  
 
| width="75" align="left" | Printed and intended as a card index to ship passenger arrivals. The form listed:  
 
*Steamer line (steamship line)  
 
*Steamer line (steamship line)  
Line 100: Line 102:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| width="20" align="left" | Form 621, Statistical  
+
| width="20" align="left" |  
 +
Form 621
 +
 
 +
Statistical
 +
 
 
| width="75" align="left" | Generally includes:  
 
| width="75" align="left" | Generally includes:  
 
*Marital Status  
 
*Marital Status  
Line 114: Line 120:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| width="20" align="left" | Form 622, Statistical  
+
| width="20" align="left" |  
 +
Form 622
 +
 
 +
Statistical
 +
 
 
| width="75" align="left" | Generally includes:  
 
| width="75" align="left" | Generally includes:  
 
*Marital Status  
 
*Marital Status  
Line 125: Line 135:
 
*Who paid the immigrant's passage  
 
*Who paid the immigrant's passage  
 
*The amount of money the immigrant brought  
 
*The amount of money the immigrant brought  
*Names of persons accompanying the immigrant
+
*Names of persons accompanying the immigrant<br>
 
+
<br>  
+
  
 
|}
 
|}

Revision as of 23:38, 7 February 2013

United States  go to  Emigration and Immigration  go to  Mexican Border Crossing Records

Mexican Border Crossings immigration records from Mexico to the United States often include detailed family information. Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. An online index is available at Border Crossings from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records).  Microfilm of these records is organized by the immigration border town where the crossing took place.

Crossing the Frontera is a free online class with search tips and techniques to help you with Mexican Border Crossing records.

United States - Mexico Border Stations.png


Contents

Mexico Border Stations

Arizona

California

New Mexico

Texas


Card Manifest Descriptions

Card manifests were collected for each person crossing the border. These forms were patterned after the ship manifest cards used at other ports.  Different types of card manifests were implemented for various purposes.  The most common forms are described below. When viewing these cards it is important to check the reverse side of the card.  The "back side" of the card many include instructions about the card, lists of multiple entries into the U.S. for the individual, or an attached photograph.


Statistical reports were for immigrants or non-immigrants from outside the Western Hemisphere.  

Non-statistical reports were for immigrants or non-immigrants who were natives of Western Hemisphere nations.

U.S. Immigration Mexican Border Crossing Card Manifests
Form Number Description
Form 548
Form 548-B
Form I-448
Manifest

Most Common Manifest 
Generally includes:
  • Marital Status
  • Place of Birth
  • Physical Description
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write, and in what language
  • Last permanent residence
  • Destination
  • Purpose for entering the U.S.
  • Intent to become a U.S. citizen
  • Head tax status
  • Previous citizenships

Form 502
(unnamed)
Form 1502
(unnamed)

Printed and intended as a card index to ship passenger arrivals. The form listed:
  • Steamer line (steamship line)
  • Group number (page number for ship manifest)
  • List (line number on ship manifest)

Adapted for use with land border arrivals with

  • Immigrant's name, age, sex
  • Steamer=name of railroad
  • Line=destination, date and port of arrival
  • Group=manifest number ( not significant information)
  • List=changed to Serial Number

The serial number and date of arrival may be used to find the corresponding sheet manifest.

Form 621

Statistical

Generally includes:
  • Marital Status
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write
  • Last place of residence
  • Future place of residence
  • Place of Birth
  • Physical Description
  • Who paid the immigrant's passage
  • The amount of money the immigrant brought
  • Names of persons accompanying the immigrant

Form 622

Statistical

Generally includes:
  • Marital Status
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write
  • Last place of residence
  • Future place of residence
  • Place of Birth
  • Physical Description
  • Who paid the immigrant's passage
  • The amount of money the immigrant brought
  • Names of persons accompanying the immigrant

About this collection

A wiki article describing Mexican Border Crossing Records is found at:

Border Crossing from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)