US Immigration Mexican Border Crossings

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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[US Immigration Mexican Border Crossings|Mexican Border Crossing Records]]''  
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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[US_Immigration_Mexican_Border_Crossings|Mexican Border Crossing Records]]''  
  
 
Mexican Border Crossings immigration records from Mexico to the United States often include detailed family information. Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. An online index is available at&nbsp;[[Border Crossings from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]. &nbsp;Microfilm of these records is organized by the immigration border town where the crossing took place.<br>  
 
Mexican Border Crossings immigration records from Mexico to the United States often include detailed family information. Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. An online index is available at&nbsp;[[Border Crossings from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]. &nbsp;Microfilm of these records is organized by the immigration border town where the crossing took place.<br>  
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[http://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/crossing-the-frontera/681 Crossing the Frontera] is a free online class with search tips and techniques to help you with Mexican Border Crossing records.  
 
[http://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/crossing-the-frontera/681 Crossing the Frontera] is a free online class with search tips and techniques to help you with Mexican Border Crossing records.  
  
[[Image:United States - Mexico Border Stations.png|thumb|right|475px|United States - Mexico Border Stations.png]]  
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[[Image:United States - Mexico Border Stations.png|thumb|right|475px]]  
  
 
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=== Finding the Records  ===
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==== National Archives  ====
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Mexican border crossing records were filmed by the National Archives in 1957. All original records were destroyed when the filming was finished. A detailed description of the films is found on the [[http://www.archives.gov/research/immigration/border-mexico.html#az NARA site]].
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==== Ancestry.com  ====
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Index with images is found on Ancestry.com. To access [http://www.archives.gov/research/immigration/border-mexico.html#az Border Crossings: From Mexico to U.S., 1895-1964]
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==== FamilySearch  ====
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United States, Border Crossings from Mexico to United States, 1903-1957 {{RecordSearch|1803932}}
  
 
=== Mexico Border Stations  ===
 
=== Mexico Border Stations  ===

Revision as of 14:08, 2 May 2013

United States  go to  Emigration and Immigration  go to  Mexican Border Crossing Records

Mexican Border Crossings immigration records from Mexico to the United States often include detailed family information. Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. An online index is available at Border Crossings from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records).  Microfilm of these records is organized by the immigration border town where the crossing took place.

Crossing the Frontera is a free online class with search tips and techniques to help you with Mexican Border Crossing records.

United States - Mexico Border Stations.png


Contents

Finding the Records

National Archives

Mexican border crossing records were filmed by the National Archives in 1957. All original records were destroyed when the filming was finished. A detailed description of the films is found on the [NARA site].

Ancestry.com

Index with images is found on Ancestry.com. To access Border Crossings: From Mexico to U.S., 1895-1964

FamilySearch

United States, Border Crossings from Mexico to United States, 1903-1957 Record Collection 1803932

Mexico Border Stations

Arizona

Arizona
NARA Number
Title
FHLC Film
Ancestry
A3365
Lists of Aliens Arriving at Brownsville, Del Rio, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Laredo, Presidio, Rio Grande City and Roma, Texas, May 1903 - June 1909, and at Aros Ranch, Douglas, Lochiel, Naco and Nogales, Arizona, July 1906 - December 1910
1343023
YES
A3372
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Naco, Arizona, May 24, 1908 - ca. December 1952
1343023
YES
A3377
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Ajo, Lukeville, and Sonoyta (Sonoita), Arizona, January 1919 - December 1952, and at Los Ebanos, Texas, December 1950 - May 1955, NARA microfilm publication
NO
YES
M1504
Manifests of Alien Arrivals at San Luis, Arizona, July 24, 1929 - December 1952
1343023
YES
M1759
Nonstatistical Manifests and Statistical Index Cards of Aliens Arriving at Douglas, Arizona, July 1908 - December 1952
1343023
YES
M1760
Manifests of Permanent and Temporary Alien Arrivals at Douglas, Arizona, September 10, 1906 - October 10, 1955
1343023
YES
M1769
Index and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Nogales, Arizona, July 5, 1905 - 1952
1343023
YES
M1850
Index and Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Sasabe/San Fernando, Arizona, 1919 - 1952
2241236
YES

California

New Mexico

Texas

About the Records

You may access the records above by ordering the microfilm from your local FamilySearch center. Or check the National Archives catalog to see if the National Archives facility nearest you holds a copy of the correct film. The National Archive film numbers are listed after the collections above. Access the National Archives catalog through the link then

  • Put the microfilm number in microfilm search box.
  • Hit the search button.
  • Click on the blue title when it appears.
  • Facilities which hold the film are listed on the right side of the page.
  • View important publication details by clicking on the PDF document on the right-hand side of the page.



Card Manifest Descriptions

Card manifests were collected for each person crossing the border. These forms were patterned after the ship manifest cards used at other ports.  Different types of card manifests were implemented for various purposes.  The most common forms are described below. When viewing these cards it is important to check the reverse side of the card.  The "back side" of the card many include instructions about the card, lists of multiple entries into the U.S. for the individual, or an attached photograph.


Statistical reports were for immigrants or non-immigrants from outside the Western Hemisphere.

Non-statistical reports were for immigrants or non-immigrants who were natives of Western Hemisphere nations.

U.S. Immigration Mexican Border Crossing Card Manifests
Form Number Description
Form 548
Form 548-B
Form I-448
Manifest

Most Common Manifest 
Generally includes:
  • Marital Status
  • Place of Birth
  • Physical Description
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write, and in what language
  • Last permanent residence
  • Destination
  • Purpose for entering the U.S.
  • Intent to become a U.S. citizen
  • Head tax status
  • Previous citizenships

Form 502
(unnamed)
Form 1502
(unnamed)

Printed and intended as a card index to ship passenger arrivals. The form listed:
  • Steamer line (steamship line)
  • Group number (page number for ship manifest)
  • List (line number on ship manifest)

Adapted for use with land border arrivals with

  • Immigrant's name, age, sex
  • Steamer=name of railroad
  • Line=destination, date and port of arrival
  • Group=manifest number ( not significant information)
  • List=changed to Serial Number

The serial number and date of arrival may be used to find the corresponding sheet manifest.

Form 621

Statistical

Generally includes:
  • Marital Status
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write
  • Last place of residence
  • Future place of residence
  • Place of Birth
  • Physical Description
  • Who paid the immigrant's passage
  • The amount of money the immigrant brought
  • Names of persons accompanying the immigrant

Form 622

Statistical

Generally includes:
  • Marital Status
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write
  • Last place of residence
  • Future place of residence
  • Place of Birth
  • Physical Description
  • Who paid the immigrant's passage
  • The amount of money the immigrant brought
  • Names of persons accompanying the immigrant

Form 629

NonStatistical

Generally includes:
  • Name, Age, Sex
  • Marital Status
  • Race
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write
  • Last place of residence
  • Destination
  • Port and date of admission
  • Amount of money carrying
  • May contain all available entry information

Form 629A

Untitled, May show no number

Generally includes:
  • Name, Age, Sex
  • Nationality
  • Race
  • Physical description
  • Destination
  • Port and date
  • Reason for being disbarred from the United States
  • This cause is often LPC, or likely to become a public charge, or no visa.
 

Form 657
Record of Registry Occasional used non-printed forms, typewritten versions with no form number

Generally includes: 

Alien's Date of Arrival

  • Name, Age
  • Occupation
  • Place of last residence before entry
  • Means of arrival in the U.S. (such as ship or railway)

Alien's Date of Registry

  • Name, Age
  • Occupation
  • Physical description
  • Place of residence
  • Place of birth
  • Photograph
  • Date of approval of registry
  • Certificate of registry
  • District file number
  • Bureau file number

The record of registry was a record of lawful arrival made for certain aliens who lawfully entered the U.S. at an earlier time, but for whom the INS could find no record of arrival. The law enacted in 1929 and amended in 1939, particularly addressed aliens who entered before 1924 and who had resided in the country continuously since that date. In addition the alien was to be of good moral character and not subject to deportation. The alien could make an application, pay the fee, and receive a record of registry. "Lawful Entry" was the reauthorized of this program by the Nationality Act of 1940.

  

Form Spl. 125 Alien Laborer's Identification Card 

Generally includes: 
  • Date 
  • Port which issued the card 
  • Name, Age 
  • Marital Status 
  • Height 
  • Physical marks 
  • Last residence 
  • Ability read or write 
  • Photograph 
  • Destination 
  • Employer's name 
  • This statement: "The bearer, a native and citizen of Mexico, has this day been granted the privilege of temporarily entering the United States in accordance with and under the conditions of Department [of Labor] circular of June 12, 1918, as amended."
 

Form Spl. 225
Departure

Generally includes:
  • Marital Status
  • Height
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write
  • Country of permanent residence
  • Previous country of residence before coming to the U.S.
  • Town and state of last residence in the U.S.
  • Date and port of departure
  • If native-born U.S. citizen, U.S. birthplace'
  • If naturalized U.S. citizen, date and place of naturalization

Form Spl. 259
Statstical
Index card

Generally includes:
  • Name, Age, Sex
  • Citizenship or nationality
  • Last place of residence
  • Destination
  • Port and date of admission
  • Status as a non-immigrant or immigrant
  • Note: there may be a number written to the right of the of the person's name or gender. This is usually the official manifest number. Use this number with the date of the arrival to locate the statisical maifest.
  • This information may be on a blank index card instead of an official Form Sp. 259
 

Form Spl. 442
Nonstatstical

Generally includes: 
  • Marital Status
  • Occupation
  • Ability read or write
  • Place of last permanent residence
  • Destination
  • Persons accompanying the alien
  • Amount of money alien was carrying
  • Whether this if the alien's first entrance into the U.S.
  • The reverse of the card may show dates of of subsequent admissions into the U.S., destination and purpose for visiting.


 

Form I-94
Record of Alien Admitted for Temporary Stay

Generally includes: 
  • Home address
  • Place of birth
  • Marital status
  • Occupation
  • Physical description
  • Name and address of nearest relative at home
  • Date of previous 
  • Whether this if the alien's first entrance into the U.S.
  • The reverse of the card may show dates of of subsequent admissions into the U.S., destination and purpose for visiting.


About this collection

A wiki article describing Mexican Border Crossing Records is found at:

Border Crossing from Mexico to the United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)