US Migration Trails and Roads

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] >  [[US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads|Trails and Roads]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads|Trails and Roads]]''  
  
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" align="center" border="1"
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" align="center" border="1"
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| '''Usual Origin'''  
 
| '''Usual Origin'''  
 
| '''Usual Destination'''
 
| '''Usual Destination'''
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|-
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| [[Great Indian Warpath]] (Seneca Trail)
 +
| pre-historic
 +
| Mobile, Alabama
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| Roanoke, Virginia and New York
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Camino Real de Tierra Adentro]] (Chihuahua Trail)  
 
| [[Camino Real de Tierra Adentro]] (Chihuahua Trail)  
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| Santa Fe, New Mexico
 
| Santa Fe, New Mexico
 
|-
 
|-
| King's Highway (Boston Post Road)  
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| [[King's Highway|King's Highway]] (Boston Post Road)  
 
| 1650/1735  
 
| 1650/1735  
 
| Boston, Massachusetts  
 
| Boston, Massachusetts  
 
| Charleston, South Carolina
 
| Charleston, South Carolina
 
|-
 
|-
| Albany Post Road  
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| [[Albany Post Road]]
 
| 1669  
 
| 1669  
 
| New York City, New York  
 
| New York City, New York  
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| Natchitoches, Louisiana
 
| Natchitoches, Louisiana
 
|-
 
|-
| Fall Line Road  
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| [[Fall Line Road|Fall Line Road]]
 
| 1735  
 
| 1735  
 
| Fredericksburg, Virginia  
 
| Fredericksburg, Virginia  
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| Nashville, Tennessee (1796 Maysville,Kentucky)
 
| Nashville, Tennessee (1796 Maysville,Kentucky)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Unicoi Trail]] (Unicoi Turnpike)
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| [[Unicoi Trail]] (Unicoi Turnpike)  
| pre-Colonial, setters 1796
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| pre-Colonial, setters 1795
| Murphy, South Carolina  
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| Charleston, South Carolina  
| Tellico, Tennessee
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| Knoxville, Tennessee
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Catawba Trail]]  
 
| [[Catawba Trail]]  
 
|  
 
|  
| Murphy, South Carolina  
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| Saluda Gap, South Carolina  
 
| Knoxville, Tennessee
 
| Knoxville, Tennessee
 
|-
 
|-
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| Augusta, Georgia
 
| Augusta, Georgia
 
|-
 
|-
| Upper Road  
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| [[Upper Road|Upper Road]]
 
| 1750s  
 
| 1750s  
 
| Fredericksburg, Virginia  
 
| Fredericksburg, Virginia  
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| Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 
| Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 
|-
 
|-
| Forbes Road  
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| [[Forbes Road]]
 
| 1759  
 
| 1759  
 
| Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  
 
| Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  
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| 1796  
 
| 1796  
 
| Wheeling, (West) Virginia  
 
| Wheeling, (West) Virginia  
 +
| Maysville, Kentucky
 +
|-
 +
| Maysville Turnpike
 +
| 1796
 +
| Nashville, Tennessee
 
| Maysville, Kentucky
 
| Maysville, Kentucky
 
|-
 
|-
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| New Orleans (Madisonville), Louisiana
 
| New Orleans (Madisonville), Louisiana
 
|-
 
|-
| National Road (Cumberland Road)  
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| [[National Road]] (Cumberland Road)  
 
| 1818/1839  
 
| 1818/1839  
 
| Cumberland, Maryland (later Baltimore)  
 
| Cumberland, Maryland (later Baltimore)  
| Vandalia, Illinois (later St. Louis, Missouri)
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| Vandalia, Illinois (later Jefferson City, Missouri)
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Santa Fe Trail|Santa Fe Trail]]  
 
| [[Santa Fe Trail|Santa Fe Trail]]  
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| Los Angeles, California
 
| Los Angeles, California
 
|-
 
|-
| Oregon Trail  
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| [[Oregon Trail]]
 
| 1841  
 
| 1841  
 
| Independence, Missouri  
 
| Independence, Missouri  
 
| Oregon City, Oregon
 
| Oregon City, Oregon
 
|-
 
|-
| California Trail  
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| [[California Trail|California Trail]]
 
| 1841  
 
| 1841  
 
| Independence, Missouri  
 
| Independence, Missouri  
 
| Sacramento, California
 
| Sacramento, California
 
|-
 
|-
| Mormon Trail  
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| [[Mormon Trail]]
 
| 1846/1847  
 
| 1846/1847  
 
| Nauvoo, Illinois  
 
| Nauvoo, Illinois  
 
| Salt Lake City, Utah
 
| Salt Lake City, Utah
 +
|-
 +
| [[Mormon Trail to Southern California|Mormon Trail to Southern California]]
 +
| 1848
 +
| Salt Lake City, Utah
 +
| Los Angeles, California
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Butterfield Overland Mail|Butterfield Overland Mail]]  
 
| [[Butterfield Overland Mail|Butterfield Overland Mail]]  
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| Memphis, Tennessee, or St. Louis, Missouri  
 
| Memphis, Tennessee, or St. Louis, Missouri  
 
| San Francisco, California
 
| San Francisco, California
 +
|-
 +
| [[Central Overland Trail|Central Overland Trail]]
 +
| 1859
 +
| Salt Lake City, Utah
 +
| Carson City, Nevada
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Bozeman Trail  
 
| Bozeman Trail  
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=== Internet Sites  ===
 
=== Internet Sites  ===
  
There were several major migration trails across the [[Portal:United States of America|United States]], and many shorter state or regional paths of migration. Some of the better-known trails our ancestors may have followed are:  
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*[http://www.cyndislist.com/migration/ Cyndi's List - Migration Routes, Roads and Trails] links to Internet genealogical resources about traces, trails, roads and related mailing lists, geography, settlers, and societies.
 +
 
 +
There were several major migration trails across the United States, and many shorter state or regional paths of migration. Some of the better-known trails our ancestors may have followed are:  
  
 
*[http://www.thechisholmtrail.com/index.htm Chisholm Trail] Texas cattle drive to Kansas railheads  
 
*[http://www.thechisholmtrail.com/index.htm Chisholm Trail] Texas cattle drive to Kansas railheads  

Revision as of 23:24, 21 September 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png Migration Gotoarrow.png Trails and Roads

Chronological List of Major Historic Trails and Roads Used in the Settlement of the United States
Name Date Opened Usual Origin Usual Destination
Great Indian Warpath (Seneca Trail) pre-historic Mobile, Alabama Roanoke, Virginia and New York
Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (Chihuahua Trail) 1598 Mexico City, Mexico Santa Fe, New Mexico
King's Highway (Boston Post Road) 1650/1735 Boston, Massachusetts Charleston, South Carolina
Albany Post Road 1669 New York City, New York Albany, New York
Camino Real de California 1683 San Bruno, Mexico Sonoma, California
Camino Real de los Tejas (Old San Antonio Road) 1690s Guerrero, Mexico Natchitoches, Louisiana
Fall Line Road 1735 Fredericksburg, Virginia Augusta, Georgia
Natchez Trace before 1742/ 1796/1801 Natchez, Mississippi Nashville, Tennessee (1796 Maysville,Kentucky)
Unicoi Trail (Unicoi Turnpike) pre-Colonial, setters 1795 Charleston, South Carolina Knoxville, Tennessee
Catawba Trail Saluda Gap, South Carolina Knoxville, Tennessee
Great Valley Road 1744 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Augusta, Georgia
Upper Road 1750s Fredericksburg, Virginia Greenville, South Carolina
Braddock's Road 1755 Fort Cumberland, Maryland Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Forbes Road 1759 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Wilderness Road 1775 Bristol, Virginia Boonesborough/Louisville, Kentucky
Avery's Trace (Nashville Road) 1787 Knoxville, Tennessee French Lick (Nashville), Tennessee
Zane's Trace 1796 Wheeling, (West) Virginia Maysville, Kentucky
Maysville Turnpike 1796 Nashville, Tennessee Maysville, Kentucky
Federal Horse Path 1805 Milledgeville, Georgia Mobile, Alabama
Georgia Road or Federal Road 1805/1819 Savannah/Athens, Georgia Knoxville, TN, or Nashville, TN, or Huntsville, AL
Jackson's Military Road 1814/1816 Nashville (Columbia), Tennessee New Orleans (Madisonville), Louisiana
National Road (Cumberland Road) 1818/1839 Cumberland, Maryland (later Baltimore) Vandalia, Illinois (later Jefferson City, Missouri)
Santa Fe Trail 1821 Franklin, Missouri Santa Fe, New Mexico
Old Spanish Trail 1830 Santa Fe, New Mexico Los Angeles, California
Oregon Trail 1841 Independence, Missouri Oregon City, Oregon
California Trail 1841 Independence, Missouri Sacramento, California
Mormon Trail 1846/1847 Nauvoo, Illinois Salt Lake City, Utah
Mormon Trail to Southern California 1848 Salt Lake City, Utah Los Angeles, California
Butterfield Overland Mail 1857 Memphis, Tennessee, or St. Louis, Missouri San Francisco, California
Central Overland Trail 1859 Salt Lake City, Utah Carson City, Nevada
Bozeman Trail 1863 Fort Laramie, Wyoming Virginia City, Montana

Internet Sites

There were several major migration trails across the United States, and many shorter state or regional paths of migration. Some of the better-known trails our ancestors may have followed are: