Union Pacific Railroad

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] >  [[US Migration Railroads|Railroads ]] >  [[Union_Pacific_Railroad|Union Pacific Railroad]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] >  [[US Migration Railroads|Railroads ]] >  [[Union_Pacific_Railroad|Union Pacific Railroad]]''  
  
In 1869 the Union Pacific Railroad out of Omaha, [[Portal:Nebraska|Nebraska]], and the [[Central Pacific Railroad|Central Pacific Railroad]] out of Sacramento, [[Portal:California|California]] linked tracks in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_spike Golden Spike] ceremony at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promontory_Summit Promontroy Summit], [[Portal:Utah|Utah]] to form the first [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcontinental_railroad transcontinental railroad service] in the [[United States|United States]].<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Central Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=299761457 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Union Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Union_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=298717292 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Golden spike," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golden_spike&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=290578008 (accessed 6 July 2009), and Wikipedia contributors, "Promontory, Utah," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Promontory,_Utah&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=297584143 (accessed 6 July 2009).</ref> Settlers were attracted to communities near railroads because they provided access to markets. Railroads encouraged settlement along their routes to help increase the need for their service. If an ancestor settled near a railroad, you may be able to trace their place of origin back to another place along the tracks.  
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[[Image:{{BoiRRDep}}]]In 1869 the Union Pacific Railroad out of Omaha, [[Nebraska|Nebraska]], and the [[Central Pacific Railroad|Central Pacific Railroad]] out of Sacramento, [[California|California]] linked tracks in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_spike Golden Spike] ceremony at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promontory_Summit Promontroy Summit], [[Utah]] to form the first [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcontinental_railroad transcontinental railroad service] in the [[United States|United States]].<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Central Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=299761457 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Union Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Union_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=298717292 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Golden spike," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golden_spike&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=290578008 (accessed 6 July 2009), and Wikipedia contributors, "Promontory, Utah," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Promontory,_Utah&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=297584143 (accessed 6 July 2009).</ref> Settlers were attracted to communities near railroads because they provided access to markets. Railroads encouraged settlement along their routes to help increase the need for their service. If an ancestor settled near a railroad, you may be able to trace their place of origin back to another place along the tracks.  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
In order to bind the nation together from [[Portal:California|California]] to the eastern states visionaries proposed a railroad between the west and east coasts of the [[United States|United States]]. During the [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|Civil War]] Congress authorized the building of this railroad. Congress offered [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Land_Companies#Railroads land grants] along the tracks in a checkerboard pattern as an incentive to the builders. The company that could build the most track would receive the most land.  
+
In order to bind the nation together from [[California|California]] to the eastern states visionaries proposed a railroad between the west and east coasts of the [[United States|United States]]. During the [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|Civil War]] Congress authorized the building of this railroad. Congress offered [[Grants to Land Companies and Railroads#Railroads|land grants]] along the tracks in a [[Grants to Land Companies and Railroads#Railroads|checkerboard pattern]] as an incentive to the builders. The company that could build the most track would receive the most land.  
  
Starting in 1865 in Omaha, [[Portal:Nebraska|Nebraska]], the&nbsp;Union Pacific&nbsp;Railroad laid their first tracks.&nbsp;They&nbsp;slowly started&nbsp;their&nbsp;westward race toward the oncoming&nbsp;[[Central Pacific Railroad|Central Pacific Railroad]] by building only 40 miles after spending&nbsp;$500,000.&nbsp;As the pace quickened Irish immigrants and soldiers looking for work at the end of the Civil War increased the size of the labor force. The Union Pacific faced a shortage of timber for railroad ties on the Great Plains of Nebraska, and had to defend themselves against hostile Indian attacks.&nbsp;Eventually they would average a mile of new track a&nbsp;day.&nbsp;In Wyoming they were challenged by deep ravines where trestles needed building.<ref>"Contruction" in Union Pacitic at http://www.uprr.com/aboutup/history/hist-ov/hist-ov4.shtml (accessed 14 July 2009).</ref> In 1868 they laid 306 miles of track across [[Portal:Nevada|Nevada]], and set a world record&nbsp;building ten miles of track in twelve hours in 1869. On 10 May 1869 the&nbsp;Union Pacific&nbsp;joined track with the&nbsp;Central Pacific at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promontory,_Utah Promontory Summit], [[Portal:Utah|Utah]] north of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Salt_Lake Great Salt Lake] to form the first [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcontinental_railroad transcontinental railroad] in the [[United States|United States]].<ref>"Central Pacific Railroad" in ''American Western History Musuems'' at http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_clubs/central_pacific_railroad/central_pacific_railroad.html (accessed 10 July 2009).</ref> Later in 1904&nbsp;the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucin_Cutoff Lucin Cutoff] was completed across the Salt Lake to shorten the route to Ogden, Utah and avoid mountain grades and curves.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Lucin Cutoff" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucin_Cutoff (accessed 10 July 2009).</ref>  
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Starting in 1865 in [[Omaha Links|Omaha]], [[Nebraska|Nebraska]], the&nbsp;Union Pacific&nbsp;Railroad laid their first tracks.&nbsp;They&nbsp;slowly started&nbsp;their&nbsp;westward race toward the oncoming&nbsp;[[Central Pacific Railroad|Central Pacific Railroad]] by building only 40 miles after spending&nbsp;$500,000.&nbsp;As the pace quickened Irish immigrants and soldiers looking for work at the end of the [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|Civil War]] increased the size of the labor force. The Union Pacific faced a shortage of timber for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Railroad_ties railroad ties] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_plains Great Plains] of [[Nebraska|Nebraska]], and had to defend themselves against hostile Indian attacks, and&nbsp;harsh weather.&nbsp;Eventually they would average a mile of new track a&nbsp;day.&nbsp;In [[Wyoming|Wyoming]] they were challenged by deep ravines, and the&nbsp;[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weber_River Weber&nbsp;River] in [[Utah]] was crossed 31 times.<ref>"Contruction" in ''Union Pacitic'' at http://www.uprr.com/aboutup/history/hist-ov/hist-ov4.shtml (accessed 14 July 2009).</ref>&nbsp;B<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1247607257296_36" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1247607257296_196" />y the end of&nbsp;1865&nbsp;the end of the track had only reached Fremont, [[Nebraska|Nebraska]]. In late 1866&nbsp;they reached North Platte, in 1867 Cheyenne, [[Wyoming|Wyoming]], in late 1868 track reached Evanston, Wyoming.<ref>"Union Pacific Railroad End of Track Dateline 1865-1869" in ''Union Pacific'' at http://www.uprr.com/aboutup/maps/graphics/goldspik.gif (accessed 14 July 2009).</ref> On 10 May 1869 the&nbsp;Union Pacific&nbsp;joined track with the&nbsp;Central Pacific at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promontory,_Utah Promontory Summit], [[Utah]] north of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Salt_Lake Great Salt Lake] to form the first [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcontinental_railroad transcontinental railroad] in the [[United States|United States]].<ref>"Central Pacific Railroad" in ''American Western History Musuems'' at http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_clubs/central_pacific_railroad/central_pacific_railroad.html (accessed 10 July 2009).</ref> In 1872 a bridge was completed across the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Missouri_River Missouri River] to Council Bluffs, [[Iowa]]. Later in 1904&nbsp;the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucin_Cutoff Lucin Cutoff] was completed across the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Salt_Lake Salt Lake] to shorten the route to Ogden, [[Utah]] and avoid steep mountain grades and curves.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Lucin Cutoff" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucin_Cutoff (accessed 10 July 2009).</ref> In 1925 the Union Pacific Railroad opened another transcontinental branch&nbsp;from Granger, Wyoming via Boise, [[Idaho|Idaho]] to Portland, [[Oregon]]. Through mergers and acquisitions many other lines have been opened to&nbsp;make it&nbsp;one of America's premier railroads.
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
  
The&nbsp;Union Pacific Railrad from east to west went through:  
+
Some of the towns, with their modern county names,&nbsp;built along the&nbsp;original transcontinental Union Pacific Railroad from east to west were:  
  
*Sacramento, [[Portal:California|California]]
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&nbsp;[[Nebraska|Nebraska]]  
*Reno, [[Portal:Nevada|Nevada]]
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*Winnemucca, Nevada
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*Elko, Nevada
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*Wells, Nevada
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*Ogden, [[Portal:Utah|Utah]]
+
  
During most&nbsp;of its history, the Central Pacific tracks through [[Portal:Nevada|Nevada]] to Ogden, [[Portal:Utah|Utah]]&nbsp;were controlled by the [[Southern Pacific Railroad|Southern Pacific Railroad]].
+
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Omaha_Links Omaha] (earlier known as Elkhorn), [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Douglas_County,_Nebraska Douglas County]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Island,_Nebraska Grand Island], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hall_County,_Nebraska Hall County]
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kearney,_Nebraska Kearney], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_County,_Nebraska Buffalo County]
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Platte,_Nebraska North Platte], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_County,_Nebraska Lincoln County]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogallala,_Nebraska Ogallala], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keith_County,_Nebraska Keith County]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sidney,_Nebraska Sidney], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheyenne_County,_Nebraska Cheyenne County]
 +
 
 +
&nbsp;[[Colorado]]
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julesburg,_Colorado Julesburg], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sedgwick_County,_Colorado Sedgwick County]
 +
*Feeder line to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denver Denver], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denver_County,_Colorado Denver County]
 +
 
 +
&nbsp;[[Wyoming|Wyoming]]  
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillsdale,_Wyoming Hillsdale], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laramie_County,_Wyoming Laramie County]
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pine_Bluffs,_Wyoming Pine Bluffs (Part of Cheyenne), Laramie County]
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheyenne,_Wyoming Cheyenne], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laramie_County,_Wyoming Laramie County]
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheyenne,_Wyoming Laramie], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albany_County,_Wyoming Albany County]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rawlins,_Wyoming Rawlins], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crook_County,_Wyoming Crook County]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_River,_Wyoming Green River], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sweetwater_County,_Wyoming Sweetwater County]
 +
 
 +
&nbsp;[[Utah|Utah]]  
 +
 
 +
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogden,_Utah Ogden], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weber_County,_Utah Weber County]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brigham_City,_Utah Brigham City], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Box_Elder_County,_Utah Box Elder County]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corinne,_Utah Corinne], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Box_Elder_County,_Utah Box Elder County]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promontory,_Utah Promontory Summit], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Box_Elder_County,_Utah Box Elder&nbsp;County]
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 +
Ogden connected the&nbsp;[[Central Pacific Railroad|Central Pacific]] tracks to
 +
 
 +
*Sacramento, Sacramento County, California
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
  
Settlers using the Central Pacific Railroad were likely to be from Eastern or Midwestern states along the tracks of the Union Pacific and connectors such as Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. Most would have settled in Utah, Nevada, or northern California.  
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Settlers using the&nbsp;Union Pacific Railroad were likely to be from Eastern or Midwestern states along the tracks of the Union Pacific and connectors such as [[Illinois]], [[Iowa]], [[Missouri]], [[Nebraska|Nebraska]], [[Wyoming|Wyoming<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1247630731765_52" />]], and [[Utah]]. Most would have settled in Utah, [[Nevada|Nevada]], or northern [[California|California]].  
  
There are no known Central Pacific Railroad passenger list records.  
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There are no known&nbsp;Union Pacific Railroad passenger list records.  
  
 
=== Websites  ===
 
=== Websites  ===
  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Pacific_Railroad Wikipedia - Central Pacific Railroad]  
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_Pacific_Railroad Wikipedia -&nbsp;Union Pacific Railroad]  
*[http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_clubs/central_pacific_railroad/central_pacific_railroad.html American Western History Musuems - Central Pacific Railroad]
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*[http://www.up.com/ Union Pacific] - including history, photos, financing,&nbsp;construction,&nbsp;post-construction, and mergers
 +
*[http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_clubs/union_pacific_railroad/union_pacific_railroad.html American Western History Musuems -&nbsp;Union Pacific Railroad]
  
 
=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===
  
{{reflist}}<br><br>
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{{reflist}} {{California|California}}{{Colorado|Colorado}}{{Idaho|Idaho}}{{Iowa|Iowa}}{{Nebraska|Nebraska}}{{Nevada|Nevada}}{{Oregon|Oregon}}{{Utah|Utah}}{{Wyoming|Wyoming}}
  
[[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal|United_States_Migration_Internal]] [[Category:US_Migration_Railroads|US_Migration_Railroads]] [[Category:California|California]] [[Category:Nevada|Nevada]] [[Category:Utah|Utah]]
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[[Category:Migration_Routes|Union Pacific]] [[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal|Union Pacific]] [[Category:US_Migration_Railroads|Union Pacific]] [[Category:California|Union Pacific]] [[Category:Nevada|Union Pacific]] [[Category:Utah|Union Pacific]] [[Category:Wyoming|Union Pacific]] [[Category:Nebraska|Union Pacific]] [[Category:Iowa|Union Pacific]] [[Category:Idaho|Union Pacific]] [[Category:Oregon|Union Pacific]] [[Category:Colorado|Union Pacific]]

Revision as of 18:57, 28 August 2012

United States  >  Migration  >  Railroads  >  Union Pacific Railroad

Union Pacific steam locomotive 3985 at the Boise, Idaho depot.
In 1869 the Union Pacific Railroad out of Omaha, Nebraska, and the Central Pacific Railroad out of Sacramento, California linked tracks in the Golden Spike ceremony at Promontroy Summit, Utah to form the first transcontinental railroad service in the United States.[1] Settlers were attracted to communities near railroads because they provided access to markets. Railroads encouraged settlement along their routes to help increase the need for their service. If an ancestor settled near a railroad, you may be able to trace their place of origin back to another place along the tracks.

Contents

Historical Background

In order to bind the nation together from California to the eastern states visionaries proposed a railroad between the west and east coasts of the United States. During the Civil War Congress authorized the building of this railroad. Congress offered land grants along the tracks in a checkerboard pattern as an incentive to the builders. The company that could build the most track would receive the most land.

Starting in 1865 in Omaha, Nebraska, the Union Pacific Railroad laid their first tracks. They slowly started their westward race toward the oncoming Central Pacific Railroad by building only 40 miles after spending $500,000. As the pace quickened Irish immigrants and soldiers looking for work at the end of the Civil War increased the size of the labor force. The Union Pacific faced a shortage of timber for railroad ties on the Great Plains of Nebraska, and had to defend themselves against hostile Indian attacks, and harsh weather. Eventually they would average a mile of new track a day. In Wyoming they were challenged by deep ravines, and the Weber River in Utah was crossed 31 times.[2] By the end of 1865 the end of the track had only reached Fremont, Nebraska. In late 1866 they reached North Platte, in 1867 Cheyenne, Wyoming, in late 1868 track reached Evanston, Wyoming.[3] On 10 May 1869 the Union Pacific joined track with the Central Pacific at Promontory Summit, Utah north of the Great Salt Lake to form the first transcontinental railroad in the United States.[4] In 1872 a bridge was completed across the Missouri River to Council Bluffs, Iowa. Later in 1904 the Lucin Cutoff was completed across the Salt Lake to shorten the route to Ogden, Utah and avoid steep mountain grades and curves.[5] In 1925 the Union Pacific Railroad opened another transcontinental branch from Granger, Wyoming via Boise, Idaho to Portland, Oregon. Through mergers and acquisitions many other lines have been opened to make it one of America's premier railroads.

Route

Some of the towns, with their modern county names, built along the original transcontinental Union Pacific Railroad from east to west were:

 Nebraska

 Colorado

 Wyoming

 Utah

Ogden connected the Central Pacific tracks to

  • Sacramento, Sacramento County, California

Settlers and Records

Settlers using the Union Pacific Railroad were likely to be from Eastern or Midwestern states along the tracks of the Union Pacific and connectors such as Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. Most would have settled in Utah, Nevada, or northern California.

There are no known Union Pacific Railroad passenger list records.

Websites

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Central Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=299761457 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Union Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Union_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=298717292 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Golden spike," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golden_spike&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=290578008 (accessed 6 July 2009), and Wikipedia contributors, "Promontory, Utah," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Promontory,_Utah&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=297584143 (accessed 6 July 2009).
  2. "Contruction" in Union Pacitic at http://www.uprr.com/aboutup/history/hist-ov/hist-ov4.shtml (accessed 14 July 2009).
  3. "Union Pacific Railroad End of Track Dateline 1865-1869" in Union Pacific at http://www.uprr.com/aboutup/maps/graphics/goldspik.gif (accessed 14 July 2009).
  4. "Central Pacific Railroad" in American Western History Musuems at http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_clubs/central_pacific_railroad/central_pacific_railroad.html (accessed 10 July 2009).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Lucin Cutoff" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucin_Cutoff (accessed 10 July 2009).