United States, Census of Merchant Seamen, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|CID=CID1821205
 
|CID=CID1821205
 
|title=United States, Census of Merchant Seamen, 1930
 
|title=United States, Census of Merchant Seamen, 1930
|location=United States}}<br>
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|location=United States}} <br>
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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== Record Description ==
  
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1930.  
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The collection consists of a name index and images of the Merchant Seamen schedules from the 1930 U.S. federal census. The index is provided by Ancestry.com and corresponds to NARA publication: M1932: 1930 Census of Merchant Seamen.  
  
== Record Description  ==
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The schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns.
  
Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.
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The following chart lists states with registered vessels which are listed in this census:
  
=== Record Content  ===
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{| border="3"
 +
|-
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| Alabama
 +
| California
 +
| Connecticut
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| Florida
 +
|-
 +
| Georgia
 +
| Illinois
 +
| Indiana
 +
| Louisiana
 +
|-
 +
| Maine
 +
| Maryland
 +
| Massachusetts
 +
| Michigan
 +
|-
 +
| Minnesota
 +
| New Hampshire
 +
| New Jersey
 +
| New York
 +
|-
 +
| Ohio
 +
| Oregon
 +
| Pennsylvania
 +
| Rhode Island
 +
|-
 +
| Texas
 +
| Virginia
 +
| Washington
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| Wisconsin
 +
|}
  
[[Image:1930 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right]] [[Image:1930 United States Census Crews of Vessels.jpg|thumb|right]]  
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Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were on a vessel on the census day, which was April 1 for this census. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
This information pertains to individuals and crew members of vessels on April 1, 1930.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
 +
 
 +
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
 +
 
 +
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation
 +
| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->Bureau of the Census. Census of merchant seamen 1930. National Archives, Washington D.C.<!--bibdescend-->}}
 +
 
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[[United States, Census of Merchant Seamen, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
 +
 
 +
== Record Content  ==
  
 
The 1930 census includes the following genealogical information:  
 
The 1930 census includes the following genealogical information:  
 +
 +
[[Image:1930 United States Census Crews of Vessels.jpg|thumb|right]]
  
 
*Full name  
 
*Full name  
 +
*Sex
 
*Race  
 
*Race  
 
*Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)  
 
*Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)  
*Relationship to the head of household (active military personnel in naval yards, army posts, etc. may use the term "Sailor" or list military rank rather than actual relationship to head of household)
 
*Birthplace of the individual and the parents (included even if the parents were not members of the household)
 
 
*Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)  
 
*Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)  
*Year immigrated to the United States
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*Able to read and write
*Whether a naturalized citizen  
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*Naturalized citizen or alien
 +
*If able to speak English
 
*Occupation  
 
*Occupation  
*Native language if foreign-born and whether can speak English
 
 
*Whether a military veteran  
 
*Whether a military veteran  
*Street address and house number
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*Address of spouse or next of kin
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
+
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
+
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
 +
 
 +
For example:  
  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
Line 41: Line 94:
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.  
 
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.  
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
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*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records.
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
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*Address of spouse or next of kin can help you locate additional census records about the family.  
 
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*Owner or operator of the vessel and address
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
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Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
+
 
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Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
+
 
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*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.  
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*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
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*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
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*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
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You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
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{{USCensus}}  
 
{{USCensus}}  
  
== Record History  ==
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== Related Websites ==
 
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Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was June 1 for the 1930 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1930 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population.
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=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
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+
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
+
 
+
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
 
+
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
+
 
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== Related Web Sites ==
+
  
 
[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]  
 
[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]  
 
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.
 
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[United States Census|United States Census]]  
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*[[United States Census 1930|United States Census 1930]]
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*[[United States Census Merchant Seamen|United States Census Merchant Seamen]]
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
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== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
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{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
It is recommended that you cite the sources of information as you search genealogical records. Citing sources will allow you to avoid duplicate searches later and share your sources with other researchers. A citation with specific details about the source document should allow yourself or others to easily find the source document at a later time. You should cite all sources searched, whether new information is found, to avoid duplicating searches without findings.
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched in found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]
+
 
+
=== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ===
+
 
+
"United States Census, 1930." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org http://www.familysearch.org]): accessed 8 April 2011. entry for Joyce Baker, age 24; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 2,340,225; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.
+
 
+
== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
+
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->“United States Census, 1930” index, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org http://www.familysearch.org]); from National Archives. “1930 Census.” United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington D.C. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
 +
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
 +
"United States, Census of Merchant Seamen, 1930" &nbsp;database, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 30 September 2011). r Percy C Edwards, age 35; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 2,343,412; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington D.C., United States.
  
 
[[Category:United_States|Census]]
 
[[Category:United_States|Census]]

Revision as of 14:03, 5 November 2012

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of a name index and images of the Merchant Seamen schedules from the 1930 U.S. federal census. The index is provided by Ancestry.com and corresponds to NARA publication: M1932: 1930 Census of Merchant Seamen.

The schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns.

The following chart lists states with registered vessels which are listed in this census:

Alabama California Connecticut Florida
Georgia Illinois Indiana Louisiana
Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota New Hampshire New Jersey New York
Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island
Texas Virginia Washington Wisconsin

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were on a vessel on the census day, which was April 1 for this census. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. 

This information pertains to individuals and crew members of vessels on April 1, 1930. 

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

Bureau of the Census. Census of merchant seamen 1930. National Archives, Washington D.C.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

The 1930 census includes the following genealogical information:

1930 United States Census Crews of Vessels.jpg
  • Full name
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
  • Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
  • Able to read and write
  • Naturalized citizen or alien
  • If able to speak English
  • Occupation
  • Whether a military veteran
  • Address of spouse or next of kin

How to Use the Record

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to employment records.
  • Address of spouse or next of kin can help you locate additional census records about the family.
  • Owner or operator of the vessel and address


Related Websites

United States Census Online

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"United States, Census of Merchant Seamen, 1930"  database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 30 September 2011). r Percy C Edwards, age 35; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 2,343,412; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington D.C., United States.