United States, Civil War Confederate Applications for Pardons (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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Collection Time Period
The records cover the years 1865 to 1867.
The collection consists of applications for pardons, 1865-1867, submitted to President Andrew Johnson by former Confederates excluded from the proclamation of May 29, 1865. The case files include affidavits, oaths of allegiance, recommendation for clemency, and other papers. This collection is part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutany General's Office,1780 - 1917, National Archives Microfilm Publication M1003. The index is courtesy of Fold3 (formerly Footnote).
The index includes the following information:
- Petitioner Name
- Place or Residence
- Fold3 (footnote) ID
- NARA Roll Number
How to Use the Record
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
- The name of the person, including nicknames or alias names
- The approximate date
- The residence
Check the surname index
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Find the image
Search the records for the pages or images you listed while searching the index. Compare the information in the records to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors. The following examples show ways you can use the information:
- Use the name, date, and place or residence, to find the ancestor or family in census records.
- Use the place or residence to locate church and land records.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- Remember to search for all known names including nicknames and aliases.
- Compile the entries for all people who have the same surname as your ancestor, as they may be relatives.
- Occupations or businesses may be leads to additional records such as bank or other military records.
During the Civil War, Federal officials recognized a need for new laws to deal with the rebellious acts of large parts of the Southern population. Congress passed acts on July 31, 1861 (12 Stat. 284), and July 17, 1862 (12 Stat. 589), that fixed penalties for the lesser crimes of "conspiracy" and "rebellion." The second act also provided for future pardon and amnesty "to any persons who may have participated in the existing rebellion . . . with such exceptions and at such time and on such conditions as he may deem expedient for the public welfare."
The first amnesty proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln on December 8, 1863. It extended pardon to person taking an oath to support the Constitution and the Union and to abide by all Federal laws and proclamations in reference to slavery made during the period of the rebellion.
Why the Record Was Created
The records were created to track those who applied for amnesty.
The records are generally reliable.
- Case Files of Applications from Former Confederates for Presidential Pardons
- Case Files of Applications From Former Confederates for Presidential Pardons Pamphlet Description M1003
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.
Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection
- “Delaware Marriage Records,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 4 March 2011), entry for William Anderson and Elizabeth Baynard Henry, married 23 November 1913; citing marriage certificate no. 859; FHL microfilm 2,025,063; Delaware Bureau of Archives and Records Management, Dover.
- “El Salvador Civil Registration,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2011), entry for Jose Maria Antonio del Carmen, born 9 April 1880; citing La Libertad, San Juan Opico, Nacimientos 1879-1893, image 50; Ministerio Archivo Civil de la Alcaldia Municipal de San Salvador.
Sources of information for This Collection
"United States,Civil War Confederate Applications for Pardons, 1865-1867." FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org). RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s-1917. NARA M1003. National Archive and Record Service, Washington D.C. Fold3 digital images. Fold3, Orem Utah.