United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|location=United States
 
|location=United States
 
|CID=CID1932431
 
|CID=CID1932431
|title=United States, Service Records of Union Soldiers Who Served in the United States Colored Troops, 1863-1866
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|title=United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865}} <br>  
|scheduled=}} <br>
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== Collection Time Period  ==
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The records cover the years 1863 to 1866.
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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
The collection consists or Union service records of soldiers who served in the United States Colored Troops. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:  
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The collection consists or Union service records of soldiers who served in the United States Colored Troops. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:  
  
 
*Muster rolls  
 
*Muster rolls  
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*Inspection reports
 
*Inspection reports
  
For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm.  
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For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm.  
  
This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office,1780's-1917 and includes NARA microfilm publications pertaining to the compiled service records of the United States Colored Troops. Index is courtesy of Footnote.com.  
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This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office 1780s - 1917 and includes NARA microfilm publications pertaining to the compiled service records of the United States Colored Troops. Index is courtesy of [http://www.fold3.com www.fold3.com] (Previously called Footnote.com).  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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Service records were kept for each Confederate soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier. The records cover the years 1863 to 1865.
  
The records are in individual files which usually include the following:  
+
The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.
 +
 
 +
== Record Content  ==
 +
 
 +
The records are in individual files and usually include the following:  
  
*A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, his rank, and the unit in which he served  
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*A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served  
 
*A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports  
 
*A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports  
 
*The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
 
*The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
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== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as roll number and the unit served in) to locate your ancestors in the service records. Compare the information in the records to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. Keep in mind that even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
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To begin your search you need to know
  
When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
+
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*Other identifying information such as age or military unit where served
  
For example:
+
=== Search the Collection  ===
  
*Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.
+
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination.  
*Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church and land records.  
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*Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit.
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*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
+
  
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
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As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
  
== Record History  ==
+
Keep in mind:
  
Service records were kept for each Confederate soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.  
+
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
=== Why this Record Was Created  ===
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For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
  
This index was created to provide quick access to compiled service records.
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=== Using the Information  ===
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
  
The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.  
+
*Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.  
 +
*Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
 +
 
 +
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.  
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
[http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] $ Searchable Civil War service records  
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*[http://www.civilwar.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System]  
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*[http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] ($) Searchable Civil War service records
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[United_States_Civil_War,_1861_to_1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]
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*[[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]]
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*[[28th US Colored Troops|28th US Colored Troops]]
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*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]
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*[[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]]
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
  
*“Delaware Marriage Records,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 4 March 2011), entry for William Anderson and Elizabeth Baynard Henry, married 23 November 1913; citing marriage certificate no. 859; FHL microfilm 2,025,063; Delaware Bureau of Archives and Records Management, Dover.
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
*“El Salvador Civil Registration,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2011), entry for Jose Maria Antonio del Carmen, born 9 April 1880; citing La Libertad, San Juan Opico, Nacimientos 1879-1893, image 50; Ministerio Archivo Civil de la Alcaldia Municipal de San Salvador.
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== Sources of information for This Collection  ==
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"United States, Service Records of Union Soldiers Who Served in the United States Colored Troops, 1863-1866." ''FamilySearch'' (https://www.familysearch.org). Digital index to RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office,1780's-1917. Footnote 2,197,923 digital images. Footnote, Orem, Utah. <!--bibdescend-->
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{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865." Index.. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served with the United States Colored Troops: 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry." <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.}}
  
The suggested format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections is found in the following article: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]
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{{U.S. Military}}
  
[[Category:United_States|Military Records]]
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[[Category:United_States|Military Records]] [[Category:United_States_Military]] [[Category:Wars_involving_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 22:11, 30 March 2014

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists or Union service records of soldiers who served in the United States Colored Troops. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:

  • Muster rolls
  • Returns
  • Rosters
  • Payrolls
  • Appointment books
  • Hospital registers
  • Union prison registers and rolls
  • Parole rolls
  • Inspection reports

For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm.

This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office 1780s - 1917 and includes NARA microfilm publications pertaining to the compiled service records of the United States Colored Troops. Index is courtesy of www.fold3.com (Previously called Footnote.com).

Service records were kept for each Confederate soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier. The records cover the years 1863 to 1865.

The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.

Record Content

The records are in individual files and usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier

The index to these records contains the following:

  • Jacket name
  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Military unit served in
  • Type of records in file
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

How to Use the Record

To begin your search you need to know

  • The name of your ancestor
  • Other identifying information such as age or military unit where served

Search the Collection

To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination.

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

Keep in mind:

  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:

  • Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.
  • Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"United States, Civil War Service Records of Union Colored Troops, 1863-1865." Index.. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Compiled Military Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served with the United States Colored Troops: 1st through 5th United States Colored Cavalry, 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (Colored), 6th United States Colored Cavalry." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.