United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{FamilySearch Collection|CID=CID|title=United States Civil War Widows Pension Files|location=United States|scheduled=}}<br>  
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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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|CID=CID1922519
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|title=United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files
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|location=United States}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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== Record Description ==
  
These records date from the beginning of the civil war to the end of the Civil War 1861–1865
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This Collection will include records from 1861 to 1934.
  
== Record Description  ==
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This collection consists of approved pension case files of widows and other dependents of soldiers submitted between 1861 and 1934 and sailors between 1910 and 1934. Some files may be for service in the War with Spain. The files are arranged numerically by certificate number. Orginal files are located at the National Archives in Record Group 15, Records of the Veterans Administration. Index courtesy of Fold3.com (previously Footnote.com). Additional records will be added to this collection as they become available.
  
This collection consists of Civil War pensions for the wives of soldiers who were killed during the time of the war. This is a joint project with Footnote. We're providing images, they're supplying the index. Initially we'll publish the index and link to their images.  
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From the onset of the Civil War, the US government granted pensions to widows of men who died in service to the Union Army. Then the Pension Dependent Act of 1890 extended benefits to those who could prove that they were the widows of honorably discharged veterans serving the Union for at least ninety days during the Civil War. A widow also had to provide proof of the soldier’s death, unless it resulted from his military service. An applicant could not have any means of support other than her day labor, and her marriage to the soldier had to occur before 17 June 1890, the date of the act.&nbsp;
  
=== Record Content  ===
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These records date from the beginning of the civil war to the end of the Civil War 1861–1865.&nbsp;
  
Key Genealogical facts include: • Soldier’s name Company Regiment • State of Service • Widow’s Name • Sometimes the record gives the date of death  
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This index was created to provide a quick access to the pension records. Pension records were created to determine eligibility benefits.
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These records are generally accurate. However, some soldiers used aliases and some lied about their names and ages.
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
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{{Collection citation | text= "United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Case Files of Approved Pension Applications of Widows and Other Dependents of Civil War Veterans, ca. 1861- ca. 1934." <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : 2008.}}
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<br> [[United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
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== Record Content  ==
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<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
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Image:Civil War Federal Soldiers' Widows Claims DGS 4591908 2.jpg|Federal Soldiers' Widows Claim
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</gallery>
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Key genealogical facts found in this collection may include:  
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*Soldier's full name  
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*Name of widow
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*Rank
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*Company  
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*Regiment  
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*Infantry unit
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*When soldier was commissioned
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*Where soldier was commissioned
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*Amount of pension
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*Date pension started
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*Miscellaneous information about the soldier such as death date and cause of death
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 +
 +
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
 
To search for your ancestors in the index you will need to know the name of the widow and the soldier.  
 
To search for your ancestors in the index you will need to know the name of the widow and the soldier.  
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If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
 
If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records. For example:  
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.  
 +
 
 +
For example:  
  
 
*Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.  
 
*Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.  
 
*Use the names along with the residence of the widow to locate census, church, and land records.  
 
*Use the names along with the residence of the widow to locate census, church, and land records.  
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased, this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
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*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  
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*Indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
 
*Indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
 
*Your ancestor may have used a nickname or an alias. In addition, ages may have been altered to allow men to serve who were not of the appropriate age.
 
*Your ancestor may have used a nickname or an alias. In addition, ages may have been altered to allow men to serve who were not of the appropriate age.
 
== Record History  ==
 
 
From the onset of the Civil War, the US government granted pensions to widows of men who died in service to the Union Army. Then the Pension Dependent Act of 1890 extended benefits to those who could prove that they were the widows of honorably discharged veterans serving the Union for at least ninety days during the Civil War. A widow also had to provide proof of the soldier’s death, unless it resulted from his military service. An applicant could not have any means of support other than her day labor, and her marriage to the soldier had to occur before 17 June 1890, the date of the act.
 
 
=== Why this Record Was Created  ===
 
 
This index was created to provide a quick access to the pension records. Pension records were created to determine eligibility benefits.
 
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 
 
These records are generally accurate. However, some soldiers used aliases and some lied about their names and ages.
 
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
[http://www.genealogymagazine.com/cwpensions.html “Civil War (Union) Widows' Pensions Now Online”] - From genealogymagazine.com, record of pensions 20 October 2008 Link to:  
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*[http://www.genealogymagazine.com/cwpensions.html “Civil War (Union) Widows' Pensions Now Online”] - From genealogymagazine.com, record of pensions 20 October 2008  
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*[http://www.history.rochester.edu/jssn/page5.htm “United States Civil War Service and Pension Records” James St. John]
  
[http://www.history.rochester.edu/jssn/page5.htm “United States Civil War Service and Pension Records” James St. John]  
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== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865  
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*[[Union Pension Records|Union Pension Records]]
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*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
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== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
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A suggested format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
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==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
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*United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
*Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
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== Sources of Information for This Collection  ==
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=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->United States. Civil War Widows Pension Files. National Archives and Records. Washington D.C<!--bibdescend--> &lt;div_prefs id="div_prefs"&gt;&lt;/div_prefs&gt;  
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"United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files" Index, ''FamilySearch'' (https://ds.familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F9FL-WWL&nbsp;: accessed 8 May 2012), Betsey Johnson Green widow of Charles M Green; citing Civil War Records, application WC4193; Adjuntant General's Office, NARA, Washington, D.C., United States. FHL digital images, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Index courtesy of Fold 3, Orem, Utah.
  
[[Category:United_States|Military]] <div_prefs id="div_prefs"></div_prefs>
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[[Category:United_States|Military]]

Revision as of 23:12, 1 March 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records from 1861 to 1934.

This collection consists of approved pension case files of widows and other dependents of soldiers submitted between 1861 and 1934 and sailors between 1910 and 1934. Some files may be for service in the War with Spain. The files are arranged numerically by certificate number. Orginal files are located at the National Archives in Record Group 15, Records of the Veterans Administration. Index courtesy of Fold3.com (previously Footnote.com). Additional records will be added to this collection as they become available.

From the onset of the Civil War, the US government granted pensions to widows of men who died in service to the Union Army. Then the Pension Dependent Act of 1890 extended benefits to those who could prove that they were the widows of honorably discharged veterans serving the Union for at least ninety days during the Civil War. A widow also had to provide proof of the soldier’s death, unless it resulted from his military service. An applicant could not have any means of support other than her day labor, and her marriage to the soldier had to occur before 17 June 1890, the date of the act. 

These records date from the beginning of the civil war to the end of the Civil War 1861–1865. 

This index was created to provide a quick access to the pension records. Pension records were created to determine eligibility benefits.

These records are generally accurate. However, some soldiers used aliases and some lied about their names and ages.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Case Files of Approved Pension Applications of Widows and Other Dependents of Civil War Veterans, ca. 1861- ca. 1934." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : 2008.


Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Key genealogical facts found in this collection may include:

  • Soldier's full name
  • Name of widow
  • Rank
  • Company
  • Regiment
  • Infantry unit
  • When soldier was commissioned
  • Where soldier was commissioned
  • Amount of pension
  • Date pension started
  • Miscellaneous information about the soldier such as death date and cause of death

How to Use the Record

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

To search for your ancestors in the index you will need to know the name of the widow and the soldier.

If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.

For example:

  • Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.
  • Use the names along with the residence of the widow to locate census, church, and land records.
  • Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.

Remember:

  • This index is to widow’s pensions, but you will still need some information on the soldier.
  • This index is for widows whose husbands died during the war. It does not include widows whose husbands died after the war.
  • Indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  • Your ancestor may have used a nickname or an alias. In addition, ages may have been altered to allow men to serve who were not of the appropriate age.

Related Websites

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"United States, Civil War Widows and Other Dependents Pension Files" Index, FamilySearch (https://ds.familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F9FL-WWL&nbsp;: accessed 8 May 2012), Betsey Johnson Green widow of Charles M Green; citing Civil War Records, application WC4193; Adjuntant General's Office, NARA, Washington, D.C., United States. FHL digital images, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Index courtesy of Fold 3, Orem, Utah.