United States, War of 1812 Index to Pension Application Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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Access the records: United States, Index to War of 1812 Pension Application Files .
Collection Time Period
This collection includes records for the years 1812 to 1905.
This is an index to pension applications which corresponds to the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) publication M313. It is arranged alphabetically by veteran's name. The images are the face side of the file jackets. Most of the files are for veterans and widows who were on the pension rolls in the 1870s and 1880s. The last pensioned veteran died in 1905. Widows continued to receive pensions after that date.
Genealogical information found in these records varies greatly depending on the type of service rendered. However the following key facts are usually found in the records:
- Military Enlistment Date
- Military Discharge Date
- Birth date
- Family Information (Including kids and if he is married or not)
- Marriage Dates
- Death Certificates
- Pages from Family Bibles
- Family Letters
- Discharge Papers
- Other Supporting Papers
The section of the Index of 1812 pension application cards that reads “Service” may often include the rank of the solider followed by the name of the unit that he was assigned to. That may be confusing because the units are named after commanding officers.
How to Use the Record
To search for your ancestors in the index you will need to know their full names. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records.
- Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.
- Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
- Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
You may also find these search tips helpful:
- Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
- Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have been seeking the pension.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
For more information see the wiki article: Steps for research in United States Military Records.
The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and the British Empire, including Great Britain, Canada, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland. The Treaty of Ghent, which became effective on February 18, 1815, ended the war. With the signing of the treaty the U.S. and Britain recognized the pre-war boundaries between the United States and Canada, and gave the United States fishing rights to the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
Why the Record Was Created
To document individuals who fought in the War of 1812.
These records are generally reliable.
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Contributions To This Article
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Example of a Source Citations for a Record Found in This Collection
"United States, War of 1812 Index to Pension Application Files, 1812-1910" index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 15 September 2011). entry for Wills Jones, spouse, Peggy Jones, citing Military Records, FHL microfilm 840482; National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., United States.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
"United States, Index to War of 1812 Pension Application Files." Database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org). National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C. NARA M313. FHL microfilm, 102 reels. Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.