United States, Internal Revenue Assessment Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: United States, Internal Revenue Assessment Lists, 1862-1874 .
The collection consists of images of internal revenue assessment lists (annual, monthly and special) arranged by state and collection district. Based on the Internal Revenue Act of July 1, 1862 authorizing the collection of monthly and annual taxes on goods, services, licenses, income and personal property. The assessments were used to raise money for the Civil War. This collection consists of multiple state NARA microfilm publications from Record Group 58 Records of the Internal Revenue Service. It covers the years 1862 to 1874.
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.
Additional Information About These Records
The following information is from the National Archives and Records Administration
The 1862 organizational structure of the Internal Revenue districts in the State of Virginia and the new State of West Virginia remained the same even after West Virginia was admitted to the Union in 1863.
The records of the following five of the counties that comprised the eastern panhandle of the new state have been included as part of the records of District 3 of Virginia.
After the reorganization of the Internal Revenue districts of the two states on May 3, 1865, the records pertaining to these counties are included with the West Virginia assessment returns.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "United States, Internal Revenue Assessment Lists, 1862-1874." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
Information found in this collection may include:
- Property, license, or goods
- Amount of tax
- May also list profession, occupation, or trade
How to Use the Record
Tax records are usually used to supplement census records. To begin your search you will need to know the following:
Search the Collection
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "State or Territory (NARA Publication Number)"
⇒Select the "County or City"
⇒Select the "NARA Roll Number and Description" which takes you to the images
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example use the name and residence of the taxpayer to locate land records and census records. Some other clues that may help you are
- The description of property, license, or goods can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant. Occupations can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school or church records.
- Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.
- The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
- Other family members may have lived nearby so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
- Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.
Unable to Find Your Ancestor?
- Look for variant spellings of the names as well as nick-names.
- Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
- Search the records of nearby counties.
Known Issues with This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to email@example.com. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
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Contributions to This Article
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: United States Internal Revenue Assessment Lists, 1862-1874
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.