United States, Records of Confederate Prisoners of War (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m (Spelling and punctuation)
(Added some content and links)
Line 3: Line 3:
 
|title=United States, Selected Records to Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865
 
|title=United States, Selected Records to Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865
 
|location=United States
 
|location=United States
|scheduled=}}<br>
+
|scheduled=}}&nbsp;
  
 
== Collection Time Period  ==
 
== Collection Time Period  ==
Line 18: Line 18:
  
 
== Record History  ==
 
== Record History  ==
 +
 +
"The War Department appointed Lt. Col. William Hoffman to be Commissary General of Prisoners in October 1861. Col. Hoffman was responsible for overseeing the handling and treatment of Confederate prisoners of war. In July 1862, the War Department established the Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners, an independent agency within the Department, which was responsible for the supervision of Confederate prisoners of war and political prisoners confined in Union prisons. The Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners was abolished and the Confederate records eventually became part of the Collection of Confederate Records in the War Department. That collection now comprises National Archives Record Group 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records."
 +
 +
[http://civilwarsoldiersearch.com/confederate-prisoner-records.html Confederate Prisoner Records]
  
 
=== Why this Record Was Created  ===
 
=== Why this Record Was Created  ===
 +
 +
Opposing armies kept an account of war prisoners so as to effectively trade them for their own soldiers. Prisoners were exchanged on the following basis:
 +
 +
*1 general = 46 privates
 +
*1 major general = 40 privates
 +
*1 brigadier general = 20 privates
 +
*1 colonel = 15 privates
 +
*1 lieutenant colonel = 10 privates
 +
*1 major = 8 privates
 +
*1 captain = 6 privates
 +
*1 lieutenant = 4 privates
 +
*1 noncommissioned officer = 2 privates
 +
 +
[http://www.americanwars101.com/pow/1861-1865.html Union and Confederate Prisoner of War Camps]
  
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 +
 +
Record accuracy&nbsp;depends largely on the accuracy of the document authors and may be subject to inacurracies.
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
 
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related web sites here.  
 
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related web sites here.  
 +
 +
[http://civilwarsoldiersearch.com/confederate-prisoner-records.html Confederate Prisoner Records]
 +
 +
[http://www.americanwars101.com/pow/1861-1865.html Union and Confederate Prisoner of War Camps]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 +
 +
[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]
  
 
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
 
=== Contributions to This Article  ===

Revision as of 20:43, 16 June 2011

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records scheduled to become available at FamilySearch.org.
 

Contents

Collection Time Period

These records are for the years 1861 to 1865.

Record Description

This collection consist of 429 volumes of Confederate Prisoners of War records, most of which are from the War Department's Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners. Others are from the Surgeon General's Office, a few Army commands, and individual prison camps. The collection consists mainly of lists and registers.

Record Content

How to Use the Record

Record History

"The War Department appointed Lt. Col. William Hoffman to be Commissary General of Prisoners in October 1861. Col. Hoffman was responsible for overseeing the handling and treatment of Confederate prisoners of war. In July 1862, the War Department established the Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners, an independent agency within the Department, which was responsible for the supervision of Confederate prisoners of war and political prisoners confined in Union prisons. The Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners was abolished and the Confederate records eventually became part of the Collection of Confederate Records in the War Department. That collection now comprises National Archives Record Group 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records."

Confederate Prisoner Records

Why this Record Was Created

Opposing armies kept an account of war prisoners so as to effectively trade them for their own soldiers. Prisoners were exchanged on the following basis:

  • 1 general = 46 privates
  • 1 major general = 40 privates
  • 1 brigadier general = 20 privates
  • 1 colonel = 15 privates
  • 1 lieutenant colonel = 10 privates
  • 1 major = 8 privates
  • 1 captain = 6 privates
  • 1 lieutenant = 4 privates
  • 1 noncommissioned officer = 2 privates

Union and Confederate Prisoner of War Camps

Record Reliability

Record accuracy depends largely on the accuracy of the document authors and may be subject to inacurracies.

Related Websites

This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related web sites here.

Confederate Prisoner Records

Union and Confederate Prisoner of War Camps

Related Wiki Articles

United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We especially need language translations for both content and images. For specific needs, please look for callout boxes throughout the article or visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.


Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections =

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection

  • United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
  • Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023

Sources of Information for This Collection

United States. War Department's Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners; Surgeon General's Office. Selected Records to Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865. Record Group 109, NARA publication M598. Federal Archives and Records Center. Washington D.C.