United States Archives and Libraries

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[[Portal:United States of America|Portal:United States of America]]  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Archives and Libraries |Archives and Libraries]]''
  
 
The following record repositories have major collections and services helpful for genealogical research. Before you visit an archive or a library, contact the organization and ask for information on the collection, hours, services, and fees.  
 
The following record repositories have major collections and services helpful for genealogical research. Before you visit an archive or a library, contact the organization and ask for information on the collection, hours, services, and fees.  
  
=== [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]  ===
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=== National Archives and Records Administration ===
  
Pennsylvania Avenue at 8th Street, NW<br>Washington, D.C. 20408<br>Telephone: 202-501-5415<br>Fax: 301-713-6740<br>Internet address: [http://www.nara.gov/ www.nara.gov]  
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Pennsylvania Avenue at 8th Street, NW<br>Washington, D.C. 20408<br>Telephone: 202-501-5415<br>Fax: 301-713-6740<br>Internet address: [http://www.nara.gov/ National Archives]  
  
The [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]] has a vast collection of documents created by the federal government. The records most often used by genealogists are census, military, land, and immigration records.  
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The [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]] (NARA) has a vast collection of documents created by the federal government. The records most often used by genealogists are census, military, land, and immigration records.  
  
Microfilm copies of many of the records at the National Archives are available at the Family History Library, other major archives and libraries, and at regional branches of the National Archives. You may purchase microfilms from the National Archives or request photocopies of the records by using forms obtained from the Archives.  
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Microfilm copies of many of the records at the National Archives are available at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], other major archives and libraries, and at regional branches of the National Archives. You may purchase microfilms from the National Archives or request photocopies of the records by using forms obtained from the Archives.
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:*Eales, Anne Bruner and Robert M. Kvasnicka, ed. ''Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States''. Third Edition. Washington, DC: Nathional Archives and Records Administration, 2000. ([http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AGuide+to+Genealogical+Research+in+the+National+Archives+of+the+United+States  Worldcat]) Explains records collections&nbsp;used most by&nbsp;genealogical researchers: Census, Passenger Arrivals and Border Crossings, Naturalizations, Military, Land, Native Americans, African Americans, and more.
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:*A National Archives (NARA) descriptive pamphlet (DP) provides helpful information about a microfilm set such as an explanation about the records on the film set, their origin, and a roll-by-roll descriptive list. Reviewing a DP prior to using a film set can increase a researcher's ability to use it successfully in a time-efficient manner.&nbsp; The Special Collections of the [http://www.slcl.org/branches/hq/sc/dps/dplist.htm St. Louis County Library ]has placed on their web site full-text or PDF versions of DPs for some of the NARA microfilm sets.
  
===== List of NARA Microfilm Publications and Original Records Digitized by Our Digitization Partners =====
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====Digitized NARA Microfilm Publications and Original Records====
  
The [http://www.archives.gov/digitization/digitized-by-partners.html National Archives] has table of links on their webpage to the digital images of the records.as of March 2010. It includes pay sites.
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The National Archives has a list of [http://www.archives.gov/digitization/digitized-by-partners.html digitized records] and links to access them through online databases. It includes pay sites such as Ancestry and Fold3.com that have partnered with the National Archives to digitize many of the archives' records. Read more about the [http://www.archives.gov/digitization digitization program] at the National Archives.
  
*Eales, Anne Bruner and Robert M. Kvasnicka, ed. ''Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States''. Third Edition. Washington, DC: Nathional Archives and Records Administration, 2000. Explains records collections&nbsp;used most by&nbsp;genealogical researchers: Census, Passenger Arrivals and Border Crossings, Naturalizations, Military, Land, Native Americans, African Americans, and more.
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====National Archives - Regional Branches====
*A National Archives (NARA) descriptive pamphlet (DP) provides helpful information about a microfilm set such as an explanation about the records on the film set, their origin, and a roll-by-roll descriptive list. Reviewing a DP prior to using a film set can increase a researcher's ability to use it successfully in a time-efficient manner.&nbsp; The Special Collections of the [http://www.slcl.org/branches/hq/sc/dps/dplist.htm St. Louis County Library ]has placed on their web site full-text or PDF versions of DPs for some of the NARA microfilm sets.<br>
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[http://www.footnote.com/institution-index.php Footnote.com] has made available, through their partnership with the National Archives, original source documents that include information about an individual's birth, marriage, occupation, death, and other dates and places.  
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Regional branches of the National Archives collect records of federal government offices and courts within the area they serve. These branches are located in or near [[National Archives Pacific Alaska Region (Anchorage)|Anchorage]], [[National Archives Southeast Region (Atlanta)|Atlanta]], [[National Archives Northeast Region (Boston)|Boston]], [[National Archives Great Lakes Region (Chicago)|Chicago]], [[National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver)|Denver]], [[National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth)|Fort Worth]], [http://www.archives.gov/central-plains/kansas-city/index.html Kansas City], [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/riverside/ Los Angeles], [http://www.archives.gov/northeast/nyc/index.html New York] (moving soon), [[National Archives Mid Atlantic Region (Philadelphia)|Philadelphia]], [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html San Francisco], and [http://www.archives.gov/pacific-alaska/seattle/index.html Seattle].
  
=== National Archives—Regional Branches  ===
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===Allen County Public Library===
  
Regional branches of the National Archives collect records of federal government offices and courts within the area they serve. These branches are located in or near [http://www.archives.gov/pacific-alaska/anchorage/index.html Anchorage], [http://www.archives.gov/southeast/index.html Atlanta], [http://www.archives.gov/northeast/boston/ Boston], [http://www.archives.gov/great-lakes/contact/directions-il.html Chicago], [http://www.archives.gov/rocky-mountain/index.html Denver], [http://www.archives.gov/southwest/index.html Fort Worth], [http://www.archives.gov/central-plains/kansas-city/index.html Kansas City], [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/laguna/index.html Los Angeles], [http://www.archives.gov/northeast/nyc/index.html New York] (closing soon), [http://www.archives.gov/midatlantic/public/index.html Philadelphia], [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html San Francisco], and [http://www.archives.gov/pacific-alaska/seattle/index.html Seattle].
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P.O. Box 2270<br>Fort Wayne, IN 48801<br>Telephone: 219-424-7241<br>Fax: 219-422-9688<br>Internet address: [http://www.acpl.lib.in.us/genealogy/index.html Allen County Public Library]
  
=== Allen County Public Library <br>  ===
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The [[Allen County Public Library]] has a very large collection of sources for all states, including U.S. census records, periodicals, and local histories.
  
P.O. Box 2270<br>Fort Wayne, IN 48801<br>Telephone: 219-424-7241<br>Fax: 219-422-9688<br>Internet address: www.acpl.lib.in.us/genealogy/index.html
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=== Daughters of the American Revolution  ===
  
The Allen County Public Library has a very large collection of sources for all states, including U.S. census records, periodicals, and local histories.  
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1776 “D” Street N.W.<br>Washington, D.C. 20006-5392<br>Telephone: 202-879-3229<br>Fax: 202-879-3227<br>Internet address: [http://www.dar.org Daughters of the American Revolution].
  
=== Family History Library<br>  ===
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Daughters of the American Revolution is a national society. Its library in Washington, D.C. has one of the largest genealogical collections in the United States.
  
35 N. West Temple Street<br>Salt Lake City, UT 84150-3400<br>Telephone: 801-240-2331<br>Fax: 801-240-1584<br>Internet address: www.familysearch.org
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{{See|Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Library}}
  
For more details click [[The Family History Library|here]].
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=== Family History Library ===
  
=== Library of Congress  ===
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35 N. West Temple Street<br>Salt Lake City, UT 84150-3400<br>Telephone: 801-240-2331<br>Fax: 801-240-1584<br>Internet address: [http://www.familysearch.org FamilySearch]<br>
  
'''Genealogy and Local History Section'''<br>101 Independence Ave. at First Street, S.E.<br>Washington, D.C. 20504<br>Telephone: 202-707-5000<br>Fax: 202-707-5844<br>Internet address: [http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/ www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/]
 
  
The Genealogical and Local History Section of the Library of Congress has a very large collection of published genealogies, manuscripts, histories, directories, maps, and newspapers.  
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For more details see [[Family History Library|Family History Library]].
  
The Library of Congress site has a wonderful [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html American Memory] page that links to more 60 collections, searchable by keyword or time period in a variety of media.
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=== Library of Congress ===
  
=== '''National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution<br>'''  ===
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Genealogy and Local History Reading Room<br>101 Independence Ave. at First Street, S.E.<br>Washington, D.C. 20504<br>Telephone: 202-707-5000<br>Fax: 202-707-5844<br>Internet address: [http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/ Library of Congress, Local History and Genealogy Reading Room]
  
1776 “D” Street N.W.<br>Washington, D.C. 20006-5392<br>Telephone: 202-879-3229<br>Fax: 202-879-3227<br>Internet address: [http://www.dar.org www.dar.org]
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The [[Library of Congress|Genealogical and Local History Reading Room of the Library of Congress]] has a large collection of published genealogies, manuscripts, histories, directories, maps, and newspapers.  
  
=== '''New England Historic Genealogical Society<br>'''  ===
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The Library of Congress site has a wonderful [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html American Memory] page that links to more 60 collections, searchable by keyword or time period in a variety of media.
  
101 Newbury Street<br>Boston, MA 02116-3087<br>Telephone: 617-536-5740<br>Fax: 617-536-7307<br>Internet address: [http://www.newenglandancestors.org www.newenglandancestors.org]
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=== New England Historic Genealogical Society  ===
  
The society's collections of New England family and local histories and manuscripts are especially helpful. Members can borrow printed resources from their lending library.  
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101 Newbury Street<br>Boston, MA 02116-3087<br>Telephone: 617-536-5740<br>Fax: 617-536-7307<br>Internet address: [http://www.americanancestors.org New England Historic Genealogical Society]
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The society's collections of New England family and local histories and manuscripts are especially helpful. Members can borrow printed resources from their lending library.
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{{See|New England Historic Genealogical Society}}
  
 
=== New York Public Library  ===
 
=== New York Public Library  ===
  
'''Local History and Genealogy Division'''<br>Fifth Avenue &amp; 42nd Street<br>New York, NY 10018<br>Telephone: 212-930-0828<br>Fax: 212-921-2546<br>Internet address: [http://www.nypl.org/ www.nypl.org]  
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Local History and Genealogy Division<br>Fifth Avenue &amp; 42nd Street<br>New York, NY 10018<br>Telephone: 212-930-0828<br>Fax: 212-921-2546<br>Internet address: [http://www.nypl.org/ New York Public Library]  
  
The New York Public Library has collected many published sources, such as local histories, city directories, maps, newspapers, and genealogies.  
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The [[New York Public Library]] has collected many published sources, such as local histories, city directories, maps, newspapers, and genealogies.
  
 
=== Newberry Library  ===
 
=== Newberry Library  ===
  
60 West Walton Street <br>Chicago, IL 60610-3394<br>(312) 943-9090<br>(312) 255-3513&nbsp; fax<br> <br>The [http://www.newberry.org/ Newberry Library] was established in 1887 with a bequest from the estate of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Loomis_Newberry Walter Loomis Newberry].&nbsp; A privately endowed independent research library, their collections are free and open to the public.&nbsp; The library's [http://www.newberry.org/genealogy/guides.html Genealogy Collection] includes more than 17,000 published family histories, and an extensive collection of local histories, military records, published indexes and abstracts, manuscripts and published sources.  
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60 West Walton Street <br>Chicago, IL 60610-3394<br>(312) 943-9090<br>(312) 255-3513&nbsp; fax<br><br>The [http://www.newberry.org/ Newberry Library] was established in 1887 with a bequest from the estate of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Loomis_Newberry Walter Loomis Newberry].&nbsp; A privately endowed independent research library, their collections are free and open to the public.&nbsp; The library's [http://www.newberry.org/genealogy/guides.html Genealogy Collection] includes more than 17,000 published family histories, and an extensive collection of local histories, military records, published indexes and abstracts, manuscripts and published sources.  
  
=== Other United States Libraries  ===
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===Other major United States libraries with genealogical collections===
  
 
The following libraries also have exceptional genealogical collections. These libraries collect major national sources as well as records of the states they serve.  
 
The following libraries also have exceptional genealogical collections. These libraries collect major national sources as well as records of the states they serve.  
  
*American Antiquarian Society (Worcester, Massachusetts) http://www.americanantiquarian.org/  
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*[http://www.americanantiquarian.org/ American Antiquarian Society (Worcester, Massachusetts)]
*[[Brigham Young University Harold B. Lee Library|Harold B. Lee Library]] (Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah) http://www.lib.byu.edu/  
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*[[Brigham Young University Harold B. Lee Library|Harold B. Lee Library]] (Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah) [http://www.lib.byu.edu/ Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University]
*Dallas Public Library http://dallaslibrary.org/  
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*[http://dallaslibrary.org/ Dallas Public Library]
*Detroit Public Library http://www.detroit.lib.mi.us/  
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*[http://www.detroit.lib.mi.us/ Detroit Public Library]
*Historical Society of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) http://www.hsp.org/  
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*[http://www.hsp.org/ Historical Society of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)]
*Los Angeles Public Library http://www.lapl.org/  
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*[http://www.lapl.org/ Los Angeles Public Library]
*Mid-Continent Public Library (Independence, Missouri) http://www.mcpl.lib.mo.us/  
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*[[Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center|Mid-Continent Public Library]] (Independence, Missouri) [http://www.mcpl.lib.mo.us/ Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center]
*Wisconsin Historical Society (Madison, Wisconsin) http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/  
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*[http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/ Wisconsin Historical Society (Madison, Wisconsin)]
*Sutro Library (San Francisco State University) http://www.onelibrary.com/Library/calslsut.htm
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*[http://www.onelibrary.com/Library/calslsut.htm Sutro Library (San Francisco State University)]
*Western Reserve Historical Society (Cleveland, Ohio) http://www.wrhs.org/
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*[http://www.wrhs.org/ Western Reserve Historical Society (Cleveland, Ohio)]
  
 
Your local public library can help you locate these and other archives and libraries. Directories include:  
 
Your local public library can help you locate these and other archives and libraries. Directories include:  
  
*''American Library Directory''. 53rd Edition. New Providence, New Jersey: R. R. Bowker, 2000-2001. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=985678&disp=53rd+ed%2E++2000%2D2001%20%20&columns=*,0,0 973 J54a 2000], 2 vol.) Alphabetical by state and town. Lists addresses, telephone and fax numbers, and describes each library's holdings and special interests.  
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:*''American Library Directory''. 53rd Edition. New Providence, New Jersey: R. R. Bowker, 2000-2001. (FHL {{FHL|985678|title-id|disp=973 J54a 2000}}, 2 vol.) Alphabetical by state and town. Lists addresses, telephone and fax numbers, and describes each library's holdings and special interests.  
*Bentley, Elizabeth Petty. ''The Genealogist's Address Book''.&nbsp;Fifth Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2005. (Family History Library book 973 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1316554&disp=The+genealogist%27s+address+book%20%20&columns=*,0,0 D24ben 2005.)] Includes national, state, ethnic, religious, historical, adoption, computer interest group, and vendor addresses with telephone numbers, E-mail addresses, supervisors, and repository hours.  
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:*Bentley, Elizabeth Petty. ''The Genealogist's Address Book''.&nbsp;Fifth Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2005. (FHL 973 {{FHL|1316554|title-id|disp=D24ben 2005.)}} Includes national, state, ethnic, religious, historical, adoption, computer interest group, and vendor addresses with telephone numbers, E-mail addresses, supervisors, and repository hours.  
*A directory of many repositories and manuscript collections is:  
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:*A directory of many repositories and manuscript collections is:<br>The National Historical Publications and Records Commission. ''Directory of Archives and Manuscript Repositories in the United States''. Second Edition. Phoenix, Arizona: Oryx Press, 1988. (FHL {{FHL|643768|title-id|disp=973 J54u}} 1988; 1978 Edition on fiche {{FHL|11301|title-id|disp=6010080-89}}.) <!--{12054106989060} -->  
*The National Historical Publications and Records Commission. ''Directory of Archives and Manuscript Repositories in the United States''. Second Edition. Phoenix, Arizona: Oryx Press, 1988. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=643768&disp=Directory+of+archives+and+manuscript+rep%20%20&columns=*,0,0 973 J54u] 1988; 1978 Edition on fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=11301&disp=Directory+of+archives+and+manuscript+rep%20%20&columns=*,0,0 6010080-89].) <!--{12054106989060} -->
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:*[http://www.gwest.org/gen_libs.htm Directory of Genealogy Libraries in the United States] offers addresses, phone numbers, and web links to libraries with varying degrees of genealogical holdings; arranged by state.
  
=== State Archives and State Libraries<br>  ===
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===University Libraries with special collections===
  
Each state has a state archive or a state library. Many states have both. These serve as the repositories for state and county government records. They often have some federal records as well, such as the U.S. census schedules for the state. Addresses are available in the state research outlines and at your public library.  
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Most large universities have a special collections division of their university library. Some of these repositories have extensive collections of local and state historical documents, including many individual record collections. Carefully search the university library catalog for references to the individuals you are researching. Access to the special collections may be very restricted, so check with the library about any restrictions before visiting.
  
A comprehensive list of each state's archives and&nbsp;web address has been organized by the [http://sos.georgia.gov/archives/what_do_we_have/other_state_archives/ State of Georgia]. This is a great resource for anyone trying to check on what is available at a specific state archive.  
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=== Federal Repository Libraries  ===
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The federal government has designated at least one library in each state (generally a major university library) to receive a copy of published federal records. These include a wide variety of topics, such as pension lists, private land claims, veterans' burial lists, and individuals' petitions to Congress.
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=== State Archives and State Libraries  ===
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Each state has a state archive or a state library. Many states have both. These serve as the repositories for state and county government records. They often have some federal records as well, such as the U.S. census schedules for the state. A comprehensive list of [http://sos.georgia.gov/archives/what_do_we_have/other_state_archives state archives] and their websites is available from the Georgia Secretary of State's website for anyone wanting to find a specific state archive.
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Also see the state Archives and Libraries wiki articles (links below) for more information on these and other archives in each state.
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=== <center>Archives and Libraries in each State</center>  ===
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<center>{{Archives and Libraries States}}</center>
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<center>'''Territories and Federal District'''</center><br>
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<center>{{Archives and Libraries Territories}}</center>
  
 
=== County and Town Courthouses  ===
 
=== County and Town Courthouses  ===
Line 96: Line 116:
 
Many of the key records essential for genealogical research were created by local county or town governments. These include court, land and property, naturalization and citizenship, probate, taxation, and vital records. The county and town courthouses are the primary repositories of these valuable records. (However, some courthouse records have been destroyed or transferred to state archives.) The Family History Library has copies of many of these important records on microfilm.  
 
Many of the key records essential for genealogical research were created by local county or town governments. These include court, land and property, naturalization and citizenship, probate, taxation, and vital records. The county and town courthouses are the primary repositories of these valuable records. (However, some courthouse records have been destroyed or transferred to state archives.) The Family History Library has copies of many of these important records on microfilm.  
  
The individual counties have organized their records and offices in many different ways. The state research outlines provide further information on how to obtain these records.  
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The individual counties have organized their records and offices in many different ways. The county Wiki articles provide further information on how to obtain these records.  
  
 
Easy-to-use sources that list the various county offices in each state and the types of records at each office are:  
 
Easy-to-use sources that list the various county offices in each state and the types of records at each office are:  
  
*Bentley, Elizabeth Petty.''County Courthouse Book''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1995. (Family History Library&nbsp;book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=754831&disp=County+courthouse+book%20%20&columns=*,0,0 973 D24bena].)  
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:*Bentley, Elizabeth Petty.''County Courthouse Book''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1995. (FHL {{FHL|754831|title-id|disp=973 D24bena}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/33396232 Worldcat])
*''The Handy Book for Genealogists: United States of America''. Tenth edition. Logan, Utah: Everton Publishing, 2006. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1362899&disp=The+Handybook+for+genealogists%20%20&columns=*,0,0 973 D27e].) The Handy Book also lists the county seat and zip code.
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:*''The Handy Book for Genealogists: United States of America''. Tenth edition. Logan, Utah: Everton Publishing, 2006. (FHL {{FHL|1362899|title-id|disp=973 D27e}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/62744825 Worldcat]) The Handy Book also lists the county seat and zip code.
  
 
=== Historical and Genealogical Societies  ===
 
=== Historical and Genealogical Societies  ===
Line 107: Line 127:
 
Historical and genealogical societies have been organized in each state, most counties, and some towns. These societies collect many valuable records and offer various helpful services to researchers. Addresses of local societies are listed in:  
 
Historical and genealogical societies have been organized in each state, most counties, and some towns. These societies collect many valuable records and offer various helpful services to researchers. Addresses of local societies are listed in:  
  
*''Carson, Dina C., Directory of Genealogical and Historical Libraries, Archives and Collections in the US and Canada. Niwot, Colorado: Iron Gate Pub., 1002.''  
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:*''Carson, Dina C., Directory of Genealogical and Historical Libraries, Archives and Collections in the US and Canada. Niwot, Colorado: Iron Gate Pub., 1002.'' ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/46404054 Worldcat])
*''Directory of Historical Organizations in the United States and Canada''. 15th Edition. Nashville, Tennessee: American Association for State and Local History, 2001. (Family History Library&nbsp;book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1007248&disp=15th+ed%2E+%282001%29%20%20&columns=*,0,0 970 H24d].)
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:*''Directory of Historical Organizations in the United States and Canada''. 15th Edition. Nashville, Tennessee: American Association for State and Local History, 2001. (FHL {{FHL|1007248|title-id|disp=970 H24d}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48910178 Worldcat])
 
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=== Federal Repository Libraries  ===
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The federal government has designated at least one library in each state (generally a major university library) to receive a copy of published federal records. These include a wide variety of information, such as pension lists, private land claims, veterans' burial lists, and individuals' petitions to Congress.
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=== Inventories, Registers, Catalogs  ===
 
=== Inventories, Registers, Catalogs  ===
Line 120: Line 136:
 
An example of a helpful guide is:  
 
An example of a helpful guide is:  
  
*Schaefer, Christina K. ''The Center: Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Capital Area''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1996. (Family History Library&nbsp;book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=770597&disp=The+Center%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.3 A3sc].) This describes the records and services of the National Archives, Library of Congress, Daughters of the American Revolution Library, and other repositories in the Washington, DC area.
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:*Schaefer, Christina K. ''The Center: Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Capital Area''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1996. (FHL {{FHL|770597|title-id|disp=975.3 A3sc}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+Center%3A+Guide+to+Genealogical+Research+in+the+National+Capital+Area Worldcat]) This describes the records and services of the National Archives, Library of Congress, Daughters of the American Revolution Library, and other repositories in the Washington, DC area.
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{{Place|United States}}  
 
{{Place|United States}}  
  
[[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Repositories]] [[Category:National_Archives_and_Records_Administration]] [[Category:Family_History_Library]]
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[[Category:Record_Types_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:United_States_Repositories]] [[Category:National_Archives_and_Records_Administration]] [[Category:Family_History_Library]]

Revision as of 01:35, 19 April 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Archives and Libraries

The following record repositories have major collections and services helpful for genealogical research. Before you visit an archive or a library, contact the organization and ask for information on the collection, hours, services, and fees.

Contents

National Archives and Records Administration

Pennsylvania Avenue at 8th Street, NW
Washington, D.C. 20408
Telephone: 202-501-5415
Fax: 301-713-6740
Internet address: National Archives

The National Archives (NARA) has a vast collection of documents created by the federal government. The records most often used by genealogists are census, military, land, and immigration records.

Microfilm copies of many of the records at the National Archives are available at the Family History Library, other major archives and libraries, and at regional branches of the National Archives. You may purchase microfilms from the National Archives or request photocopies of the records by using forms obtained from the Archives.

  • Eales, Anne Bruner and Robert M. Kvasnicka, ed. Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States. Third Edition. Washington, DC: Nathional Archives and Records Administration, 2000. (Worldcat) Explains records collections used most by genealogical researchers: Census, Passenger Arrivals and Border Crossings, Naturalizations, Military, Land, Native Americans, African Americans, and more.
  • A National Archives (NARA) descriptive pamphlet (DP) provides helpful information about a microfilm set such as an explanation about the records on the film set, their origin, and a roll-by-roll descriptive list. Reviewing a DP prior to using a film set can increase a researcher's ability to use it successfully in a time-efficient manner.  The Special Collections of the St. Louis County Library has placed on their web site full-text or PDF versions of DPs for some of the NARA microfilm sets.

Digitized NARA Microfilm Publications and Original Records

The National Archives has a list of digitized records and links to access them through online databases. It includes pay sites such as Ancestry and Fold3.com that have partnered with the National Archives to digitize many of the archives' records. Read more about the digitization program at the National Archives.

National Archives - Regional Branches

Regional branches of the National Archives collect records of federal government offices and courts within the area they serve. These branches are located in or near Anchorage, Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Denver, Fort Worth, Kansas City, Los Angeles, New York (moving soon), Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Seattle.

Allen County Public Library

P.O. Box 2270
Fort Wayne, IN 48801
Telephone: 219-424-7241
Fax: 219-422-9688
Internet address: Allen County Public Library

The Allen County Public Library has a very large collection of sources for all states, including U.S. census records, periodicals, and local histories.

Daughters of the American Revolution

1776 “D” Street N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20006-5392
Telephone: 202-879-3229
Fax: 202-879-3227
Internet address: Daughters of the American Revolution.

Daughters of the American Revolution is a national society. Its library in Washington, D.C. has one of the largest genealogical collections in the United States.

Family History Library

35 N. West Temple Street
Salt Lake City, UT 84150-3400
Telephone: 801-240-2331
Fax: 801-240-1584
Internet address: FamilySearch


For more details see Family History Library.

Library of Congress

Genealogy and Local History Reading Room
101 Independence Ave. at First Street, S.E.
Washington, D.C. 20504
Telephone: 202-707-5000
Fax: 202-707-5844
Internet address: Library of Congress, Local History and Genealogy Reading Room

The Genealogical and Local History Reading Room of the Library of Congress has a large collection of published genealogies, manuscripts, histories, directories, maps, and newspapers.

The Library of Congress site has a wonderful American Memory page that links to more 60 collections, searchable by keyword or time period in a variety of media.

New England Historic Genealogical Society

101 Newbury Street
Boston, MA 02116-3087
Telephone: 617-536-5740
Fax: 617-536-7307
Internet address: New England Historic Genealogical Society

The society's collections of New England family and local histories and manuscripts are especially helpful. Members can borrow printed resources from their lending library.

New York Public Library

Local History and Genealogy Division
Fifth Avenue & 42nd Street
New York, NY 10018
Telephone: 212-930-0828
Fax: 212-921-2546
Internet address: New York Public Library

The New York Public Library has collected many published sources, such as local histories, city directories, maps, newspapers, and genealogies.

Newberry Library

60 West Walton Street
Chicago, IL 60610-3394
(312) 943-9090
(312) 255-3513  fax

The Newberry Library was established in 1887 with a bequest from the estate of Walter Loomis Newberry.  A privately endowed independent research library, their collections are free and open to the public.  The library's Genealogy Collection includes more than 17,000 published family histories, and an extensive collection of local histories, military records, published indexes and abstracts, manuscripts and published sources.

Other major United States libraries with genealogical collections

The following libraries also have exceptional genealogical collections. These libraries collect major national sources as well as records of the states they serve.

Your local public library can help you locate these and other archives and libraries. Directories include:

  • American Library Directory. 53rd Edition. New Providence, New Jersey: R. R. Bowker, 2000-2001. (FHL 973 J54a 2000, 2 vol.) Alphabetical by state and town. Lists addresses, telephone and fax numbers, and describes each library's holdings and special interests.
  • Bentley, Elizabeth Petty. The Genealogist's Address Book. Fifth Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2005. (FHL 973 D24ben 2005.) Includes national, state, ethnic, religious, historical, adoption, computer interest group, and vendor addresses with telephone numbers, E-mail addresses, supervisors, and repository hours.
  • A directory of many repositories and manuscript collections is:
    The National Historical Publications and Records Commission. Directory of Archives and Manuscript Repositories in the United States. Second Edition. Phoenix, Arizona: Oryx Press, 1988. (FHL 973 J54u 1988; 1978 Edition on fiche 6010080-89.)
  • Directory of Genealogy Libraries in the United States offers addresses, phone numbers, and web links to libraries with varying degrees of genealogical holdings; arranged by state.

University Libraries with special collections

Most large universities have a special collections division of their university library. Some of these repositories have extensive collections of local and state historical documents, including many individual record collections. Carefully search the university library catalog for references to the individuals you are researching. Access to the special collections may be very restricted, so check with the library about any restrictions before visiting.

Federal Repository Libraries

The federal government has designated at least one library in each state (generally a major university library) to receive a copy of published federal records. These include a wide variety of topics, such as pension lists, private land claims, veterans' burial lists, and individuals' petitions to Congress.

State Archives and State Libraries

Each state has a state archive or a state library. Many states have both. These serve as the repositories for state and county government records. They often have some federal records as well, such as the U.S. census schedules for the state. A comprehensive list of state archives and their websites is available from the Georgia Secretary of State's website for anyone wanting to find a specific state archive.

Also see the state Archives and Libraries wiki articles (links below) for more information on these and other archives in each state.

Archives and Libraries in each State

Territories and Federal District

County and Town Courthouses

Many of the key records essential for genealogical research were created by local county or town governments. These include court, land and property, naturalization and citizenship, probate, taxation, and vital records. The county and town courthouses are the primary repositories of these valuable records. (However, some courthouse records have been destroyed or transferred to state archives.) The Family History Library has copies of many of these important records on microfilm.

The individual counties have organized their records and offices in many different ways. The county Wiki articles provide further information on how to obtain these records.

Easy-to-use sources that list the various county offices in each state and the types of records at each office are:

  • Bentley, Elizabeth Petty.County Courthouse Book. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1995. (FHL 973 D24bena) (Worldcat)
  • The Handy Book for Genealogists: United States of America. Tenth edition. Logan, Utah: Everton Publishing, 2006. (FHL 973 D27e) (Worldcat) The Handy Book also lists the county seat and zip code.

Historical and Genealogical Societies

Historical and genealogical societies have been organized in each state, most counties, and some towns. These societies collect many valuable records and offer various helpful services to researchers. Addresses of local societies are listed in:

  • Carson, Dina C., Directory of Genealogical and Historical Libraries, Archives and Collections in the US and Canada. Niwot, Colorado: Iron Gate Pub., 1002. (Worldcat)
  • Directory of Historical Organizations in the United States and Canada. 15th Edition. Nashville, Tennessee: American Association for State and Local History, 2001. (FHL 970 H24d) (Worldcat)

Inventories, Registers, Catalogs

Most archives have catalogs, inventories, guides, or periodicals that describe their records and how to use them. If possible, study these guides before you visit an archive so that you can use your time more effectively. Many of these are available at the Family History Library, at your public or university library, or through interlibrary loan.

An example of a helpful guide is:

  • Schaefer, Christina K. The Center: Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Capital Area. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1996. (FHL 975.3 A3sc) (Worldcat) This describes the records and services of the National Archives, Library of Congress, Daughters of the American Revolution Library, and other repositories in the Washington, DC area.