United States Census, 1790 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|CID=CID1803959
 
|CID=CID1803959
 
|title=United States Census, 1790
 
|title=United States Census, 1790
|location=United States}}  
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|location=United States}} <br>
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.  
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The collection consists of an index to the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the United States in 1790. This was the first national census conducted in the United States. This index is provided by Ancestry.com.  
  
 
The schedules for some counties are missing in the 1790 census and no schedules are known to exist for the following states in 1790:  
 
The schedules for some counties are missing in the 1790 census and no schedules are known to exist for the following states in 1790:  
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*Virginia.
 
*Virginia.
  
Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1790. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.&nbsp;
+
This census (1790) provides names for heads of household, for about 10 to 15 percent of the population, and provide only a number count for the others.  
  
This census (1790) provides names for heads of household, for about 10 to 15 percent of the population, and provide only a number count for the others. &nbsp;
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== Record Content  ==
  
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to censuses conducted in 1790.&nbsp;
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<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
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Image:1790 United States Census.jpg|1790 United States Census
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</gallery>
  
The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives.
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The 1790 census includes the following genealogical information:
  
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
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*State, county and city in which census was taken
 +
*Name of head of household/family  
 +
*Number of free white males 16 years and older
 +
*Number of free white males 16 years and under
 +
*Number of free white females 16 years and older
 +
*Number of free white females 16 years and under
 +
*Number of all other persons living in household
 +
*Number of slaves in each household
  
=== Citation for This Collection ===
+
== How to Use the Record ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
To begin your search it would be helpful to know:
  
{{Collection citation| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->United States. Census Office. "Population Schedules for the 1790 Census." NARA microfilm publication M6378. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
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*Your ancestor's name
 +
*Some other identifying information such as where they lived or their age.
  
[[United States Census Population Schedules 1790 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
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==== Search the Collection  ====
  
== Record Content  ==
+
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
  
[[Image:1790 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right|1790 United States Census.jpg]]
+
You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
  
The 1790 census includes the following genealogical information:
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 
+
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
*Full name of the head of household
+
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
*Number of free white males and females in each household
+
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
*Number of free white persons in an age-group (use this to calculate approximate birth years—males only for 1790)
+
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
*Number of slaves in each household
+
*Number of all other persons in each household
+
*Town, township, or post office of residence
+
 
+
== How to Use the Record  ==
+
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].  
  
The U.S. federal census is the best source for quickly identifying the head of a household and may also identify persons for whom other records do not exist. However, you must know the name of an ancestor and sometimes the variant spellings of that name to search for a census entry.
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==== Using the Information  ====
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. (Nationwide name indexes may be able to help you locate your ancestor even when you do not know the place of residence.) Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
+
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
 
+
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them.  
+
 
+
You should follow the family through each available census. Again, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
+
  
 
*Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range.  
 
*Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range.  
 
*Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records.
 
*Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records.
  
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
+
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. Put the information you know infor family groupings. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
+
 
+
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
+
  
 +
*You should follow the family through each available census. Again, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. Be aware that spellings of names may change from record to record.
 +
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 +
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. Put the information you know into family groupings. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 +
 +
==== General Information About These Records  ====
 +
 +
Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1790. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.
 +
 +
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
 +
 +
Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.
  
 
{{USCensus}}  
 
{{USCensus}}  
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 +
 +
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1803959/waypoints United States Census, 1790]
  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
Line 95: Line 105:
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
"United States Census, 1790," database and digital images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XH2M-D2X&nbsp;: accessed 4 April 2012), Alpheas Harmon (Rupert, Bennington, Vermont). National Archives, United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C., United States.  
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1790." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "1790 United States Federal Census." <i>Ancestry.com</i>. www.ancestry.com : 2010.}}
 +
 
 +
[[United States Census Population Schedules 1790 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
 
[[Category:United_States]]
 
[[Category:United_States]]

Revision as of 22:37, 12 November 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1790 .

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of an index to the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the United States in 1790. This was the first national census conducted in the United States. This index is provided by Ancestry.com.

The schedules for some counties are missing in the 1790 census and no schedules are known to exist for the following states in 1790:

  • Delaware
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • New Jersey
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia.

This census (1790) provides names for heads of household, for about 10 to 15 percent of the population, and provide only a number count for the others.

Record Content

The 1790 census includes the following genealogical information:

  • State, county and city in which census was taken
  • Name of head of household/family
  • Number of free white males 16 years and older
  • Number of free white males 16 years and under
  • Number of free white females 16 years and older
  • Number of free white females 16 years and under
  • Number of all other persons living in household
  • Number of slaves in each household

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it would be helpful to know:

  • Your ancestor's name
  • Some other identifying information such as where they lived or their age.

Search the Collection

To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range.
  • Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • You should follow the family through each available census. Again, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. Be aware that spellings of names may change from record to record.
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. Put the information you know into family groupings. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.

General Information About These Records

Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1790. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.


Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: United States Census, 1790

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"United States Census, 1790." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "1790 United States Federal Census." Ancestry.com. www.ancestry.com : 2010.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.