United States Census, 1820 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|CID=CID1803955
 
|title=United States Census, 1820
 
|title=United States Census, 1820
|location=United States}}<br>
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|location=United States}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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== Record Description ==
  
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to censuses conducted in 1820.  
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The collection consists of an index to the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the United States in 1820. This was the fourth national census conducted since 1790. No schedules are known to exist for New Jersey. Index provided by Ancestry.com.  
  
== Record Description ==
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=== Citation for This Collection ===
  
Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.  
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1820." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "1820 United States Federal Census." <i>Ancestry.com</i>. www.ancestry.com : 2010.}}
  
[[Image:1820 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right]]  
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[[United States Census Population Schedules 1820 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
  
The 1820 census includes the following genealogical information:
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== Record Content  ==
  
*Full name of the head of household  
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<gallery>
*Number of free white males and females in each household
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Image:1820 United States Census.jpg|1820 United States Census
*Number of free colored persons and slaves in each household
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</gallery>
*Number of persons in an age-group (use to approximate birth years)
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*Town, township, or post office or residence
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The 1820 census includes the following information:
*Number of foreigners not naturalized
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 +
*Township, county and state where census was taken
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*Name of head of household  
 +
*Number of free white males and females under age 10
 +
*Number of free white males and females between ages 10-16
 +
*Number of free white males and females between ages 16-26
 +
*Number of free white males and females between ages 26-45
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*Number of free white males and females over the age of 45
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
The U.S. federal census is the best source for quickly identifying the head of a household and may also identify persons for whom other records do not exist. However, you must know the name of an ancestor and sometimes the variant spellings of that name to search for a census entry.
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To begin your search it would be helpful to know:
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. (Nationwide name indexes may be able to help you locate your ancestor even when you do not know the place of residence.) Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
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*Your ancestor's name  
 +
*Some other identifying information such as where they lived or their age.
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them.
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
You should follow the family through each available census. Again, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
+
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
 +
 
 +
You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
 +
 
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 
 +
==== Using the Information  ====
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
  
 
*Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range.  
 
*Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range.  
 
*Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records.
 
*Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records.
  
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
+
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. Put the information you know infor family groupings. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
+
 
+
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
+
  
 +
*You should follow the family through each available census. Again, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. Be aware that spellings of names may change from record to record.
 +
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 +
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. Put the information you know into family groupings. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.  
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.  
Line 49: Line 70:
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  
{{USCensus}}
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==== General Information About These Records ====
 
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== Record History ==
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Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1820. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.  
 
Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1820. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.  
  
This census (1820) provides names for heads of household, for about 10 to 15 percent of the population, and provides only a number count for the others.  
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Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
  
=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
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Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.
  
The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives.
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{{USCensus}}
  
=== Record Reliability ===
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== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census, 1820 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.  
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*[http://www.censusfinder.com/1820-census.htm 1820 Census Questions]
 +
*[http://www.censusfinder.com Census Finder]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[United States Census/1820|United States Census 1820]]  
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[[United States Census 1820|United States Census 1820]]  
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
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{{Contributor_invite}}  
 
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== Sources of Information For This Collection  ==
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<!--bibdescbegin-->“United States Census, 1820” database, FamilySearch, (http://familysearch.org/); from National Archives. United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington D.C. FHL digital index. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend--><br><br>
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We welcome your assistance in adding source citation information for individual archives when collection data was collected from various sources or archives. The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]
+
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box:
 
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[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1803955/waypoints United States Census, 1820]
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
 
+
=== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ===
+
 
+
Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.
+
 
+
'''Examples of citations:'''
+
 
+
*United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
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*Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
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[[Category:United_States]]
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Revision as of 17:12, 27 September 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1820 .

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of an index to the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the United States in 1820. This was the fourth national census conducted since 1790. No schedules are known to exist for New Jersey. Index provided by Ancestry.com.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"United States Census, 1820." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "1820 United States Federal Census." Ancestry.com. www.ancestry.com : 2010.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

The 1820 census includes the following information:

  • Township, county and state where census was taken
  • Name of head of household
  • Number of free white males and females under age 10
  • Number of free white males and females between ages 10-16
  • Number of free white males and females between ages 16-26
  • Number of free white males and females between ages 26-45
  • Number of free white males and females over the age of 45

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it would be helpful to know:

  • Your ancestor's name
  • Some other identifying information such as where they lived or their age.

Search the Collection

To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range.
  • Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • You should follow the family through each available census. Again, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. Be aware that spellings of names may change from record to record.
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. Put the information you know into family groupings. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.

General Information About These Records

Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1820. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.


Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

United States Census 1820

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: United States Census, 1820