United States Census, 1860 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(related wiki articles)
(Moved record history)
Line 8: Line 8:
  
 
Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.  
 
Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.  
 +
 +
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 June. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C. The 1860 census covers 80-90% of the population. 
  
 
== Citation for This Collection  ==
 
== Citation for This Collection  ==
Line 14: Line 16:
  
 
{{Collection citation
 
{{Collection citation
| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->"U.S. Census&nbsp;Population Schedule, 1860" index, [https://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch];&nbsp; from United States Census Office. 8th Census. Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend--> }}
+
| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->"U.S. Census&nbsp;Population Schedule, 1860" index, [https://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch];&nbsp; from United States Census Office. 8th Census. Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend--> }}  
  
 
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
 
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
Line 22: Line 24:
 
Important genealogical information in the 1850-1870 censuses:  
 
Important genealogical information in the 1850-1870 censuses:  
  
[[Image:1860 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right|1860 United States Census.jpg]]  
+
[[Image:1860 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right]]  
  
 
*Full name  
 
*Full name  
Line 42: Line 44:
  
 
The U.S. federal census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use the place of residence, and the birth state for each person along with his or her age to search for other record types. The census identifies other persons in the household and how they are related. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
 
The U.S. federal census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use the place of residence, and the birth state for each person along with his or her age to search for other record types. The census identifies other persons in the household and how they are related. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.  
 
== Record History  ==
 
 
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 June. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C.&nbsp;The 1860 census covers 80-90% of the population.
 
  
 
=== Why&nbsp;the Record Was Created  ===
 
=== Why&nbsp;the Record Was Created  ===

Revision as of 16:25, 18 May 2012

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1860 .
 

Contents

Collection Time Period

The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790-present. This information pertains to censuses conducted in 1850, 1860, and 1870.

Record Description

Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 June. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C. The 1860 census covers 80-90% of the population. 

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"U.S. Census Population Schedule, 1860" index, FamilySearch;  from United States Census Office. 8th Census. Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.

Record Content

Important genealogical information in the 1850-1870 censuses:

1860 United States Census.jpg
  • Full name
  • Age (can be used to approximate birth year)
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Birthplace
  • Occupation
  • Whether married during the previous year
  • Town, township, or post office of residence

In addition the 1870 census recorded:

  • Month of birth if born during the previous year
  • Month of marriage if married during the previous year
  • Whether the father and mother of each person was born in a foreign country

How to Use the Records

The U.S. federal census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use the place of residence, and the birth state for each person along with his or her age to search for other record types. The census identifies other persons in the household and how they are related. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

Why the Record Was Created

The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Record Reliability

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

Citation Example for Records Found in This Collection

"United States Census, 1860," database and digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MCGV-YWF&nbsp;: accessed 11 April 2012), Barbery Horton (, Licking, Ohio).

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections