United States Census, 1860 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1473181|title=United States Census, 1860|location=United States}}
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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1473181|title=United States Census, 1860|location=United States}} {{Contributor invite}}  
 
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==== Style Guide  ====
<br>
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For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages ]]  
 
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== Collection Time Period<br> ==
[[Image:1860 United States Census.jpg|thumb|center]]  
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The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790-present. This information pertains to censuses conducted in 1850, 1860, and 1870.
{{Contributor invite}}
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== How to Use the Records<br> ==
== Collection Time Period  ==
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The U.S. federal census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use the place of residence, and the birth state for each person along with his or her age to search for other record types. The census identifies other persons in the household and how they are related. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 
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== Record Description<br> ==
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790-present. This information pertains to censuses conducted in 1850, 1860, and 1870.&nbsp;
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Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.
 
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=== Record Content<br> ===
== Record History  ==
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[[Image:1860 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
 
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Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 June. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C.&nbsp;The 1860 census covers 80-90% of the population.&nbsp;
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=== Why This Record Was Created ===
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The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.&nbsp;
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=== Record Reliability  ===
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Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
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== Record Description  ==
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Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.&nbsp;
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=== Record&nbsp;Content  ===
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Important genealogical information in the 1850-1870 censuses:  
 
Important genealogical information in the 1850-1870 censuses:  
  
Line 43: Line 26:
 
*Month of marriage if married during the previous year  
 
*Month of marriage if married during the previous year  
 
*Whether the father and mother of each person was born in a foreign country
 
*Whether the father and mother of each person was born in a foreign country
 
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== Record History<br> ==
== How To Use The Record  ==
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Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 June. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C.&nbsp;The 1860 census covers 80-90% of the population.
 
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=== Why This Collection Was Created? ===
The U.S. federal census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use the place of residence, and the birth state for each person along with his or her age to search for other record types. The census identifies other persons in the household and how they are related. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.<br>
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The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
 
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=== Record Reliability ===
== How Has This Article Helped You? ==
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Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
 
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[[FamilySearch_Collection_Feedback|Click here to let us know]]
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== Related Web Sites  ==
 
== Related Web Sites  ==
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This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Federal_Census United States Federal Census]
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.  
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Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.
 
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Examples of citations:
== Related Wiki Articles<br> ==
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[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Federal_Census United States Federal Census]
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<br>
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== Sources of&nbsp;This Collection<br> ==
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*United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
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*Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
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=== How Has This Article Helped You? ===
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[[FamilySearch Collection Feedback|Send us your story]]
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==== Style Guide  ====
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For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages ]]
 +
== Sources of Information for This Collection:  ==
 
"U.S. Census&nbsp;Population Schedule, 1860" database, FamilySearch; (http://familysearch.org), from United States Census Office. 8th Census. Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
 
"U.S. Census&nbsp;Population Schedule, 1860" database, FamilySearch; (http://familysearch.org), from United States Census Office. 8th Census. Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
  
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<br>The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]
  
 
<br>
 
 
==== Citations for an image or index published in FamilySearch Collections  ====
 
 
An example of citing these records is: U.S. Census Population Schedule, 1860. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Michael Murphy, 28, born in Ireland, residence in Greenwood township, El Dorado, California, page 48, film number&nbsp;803058.&nbsp;
 
 
''Instructions for citing this source can be found at:&nbsp;[[How_to_Cite_FamilySearch_Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]''&nbsp;
 
 
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[[Category:United_States_Census|1860]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Census|1860]]

Revision as of 14:57, 6 August 2010

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1860 .
We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Contents

Style Guide

For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages

Collection Time Period

The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790-present. This information pertains to censuses conducted in 1850, 1860, and 1870.

How to Use the Records

The U.S. federal census is the best source to quickly identify a family group and residence. Use the place of residence, and the birth state for each person along with his or her age to search for other record types. The census identifies other persons in the household and how they are related. The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

Record Description

Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

Record Content

1860 United States Census.jpg

Important genealogical information in the 1850-1870 censuses:

  • Full name
  • Age (can be used to approximate birth year)
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Birthplace
  • Occupation
  • Whether married during the previous year
  • Town, township, or post office of residence

In addition the 1870 census recorded:

  • Month of birth if born during the previous year
  • Month of marriage if married during the previous year
  • Whether the father and mother of each person was born in a foreign country

Record History

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 June. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C. The 1860 census covers 80-90% of the population.

Why This Collection Was Created?

The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Record Reliability

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Related Web Sites

This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.

Related Wiki Articles

United States Federal Census

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above. Examples of citations:

  • United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
  • Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023

How Has This Article Helped You?

Send us your story

Style Guide

For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages

Sources of Information for This Collection:

"U.S. Census Population Schedule, 1860" database, FamilySearch; (http://familysearch.org), from United States Census Office. 8th Census. Digital images of originals housed at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.


The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections