United States Census, 1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
The collection consists of an index to population schedules listing inhabitants of the United States in 1880. This was the twelfth census conducted since 1790.  
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The collection consists of an index and images to population schedules listing inhabitants of the United States in 1880. This was the twelfth census conducted since 1790.  
 
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
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{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1880." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. NARA microfilm publication M432. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
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[[United States Census Population Schedules, 1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
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== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
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To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:  
 
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:  
 
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
 
*Other identifying information such as residence
 
*Other identifying information such as residence
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
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=== Search the Collection  ===
  
 
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
 
To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
 
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*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
+
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
+
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.  
+
 
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
 
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.  
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].  
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For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
==== Using the Information  ====
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=== Using the Information  ===
  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
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*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
 
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
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*Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
  
==== Tips to Keep in Mind ====
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=== Unable to Find Your Ancestor? ===
  
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 
*The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 
 
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
 
 
*Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
 
 
*Check for variant spellings of the names.  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the names.  
 
*Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.  
 
*Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.  
 
*Search neighboring localities or states.
 
*Search neighboring localities or states.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
 +
*There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.
  
==== General Information About These Records  ====
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=== General Information About These Records  ===
  
 
Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.  
 
Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.  
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== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census, 1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
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{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
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== Citations for This Collection ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
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'''Collection Citation''':<br>
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{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1880." Index and images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. NARA microfilm publication M432. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.}}<br><br>
  
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'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br>
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{{Record Citation Link
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|CID=CID1417683|title=United States Census, 1880
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}}
  
[[Category:United_States_Census|1880]]
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[[Category:United_States_Census_records]] [[Category:NARA_census_records]]

Latest revision as of 22:43, 20 March 2015

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1880 .

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of an index and images to population schedules listing inhabitants of the United States in 1880. This was the twelfth census conducted since 1790.

Record Content

The records may include any of the following:

  • Town/city, county and state in which census was taken
  • Enumeration date of census
  • House number and family number
  • Name of head of household
  • Name of all persons living in household
  • Gender and race of each person in household
  • Age prior to June 1st of 1880
  • Month of birth if born in 1880
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Marital status of each person (single, married, widowed or divorced)
  • Note if married during census year
  • Occupation of each member of household
  • Note if each member of household can read and write
  • Place of birth for each member of household
  • Place of birth of father of each member of household
  • Place of birth of mother of each member of household
  • Film, page and entry numbers

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:

  • Name
  • Other identifying information such as residence

Search the Collection

To search the collection fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  • Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for variant spellings of the names.
  • Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search neighboring localities or states.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  • There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.

General Information About These Records

Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was June 1 for the 1880 census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.


Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We especially need language translations for both content and images. For specific needs, please look for callout boxes throughout the article or visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.


Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citations for This Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection Citation:

"United States Census, 1880." Index and images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. NARA microfilm publication M432. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Census, 1880.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 20 March 2015, at 22:43.
  • This page has been accessed 124,374 times.