United States Census, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.  
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The collection consists of the 1930 United States Census Population Schedules. This includes the 48 states as well as Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Consular Services, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The index is being created by FamilySearch and Ancestry.com.  
  
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was April 1 for the 1930 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1930 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population. 
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{{Collection_Browse_Link
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|CID=CID1810731
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|title=United States Census, 1930
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}}
  
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
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== Record Content  ==
  
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
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<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
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Image:1930 United States Census.jpg|1930 United States Census
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</gallery>
  
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1810731/waypoints Browse].
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The 1930 census includes the following information:  
  
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1930.&nbsp;
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*State, county, township, city/town/precinct, and enumeration district
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*Name of street and house number
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*Name of head of household
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*Names of all members of household
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*Relationship to head of household
 +
*Gender
 +
*Race
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*Age on last birthday (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
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*Married or single
 +
*Age at time of first marriage
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*Birthplace of each member of household)
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*Father's birthplace
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*Mother's birthplace
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*Language spoken
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*Occupation
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*Industry
  
=== Citation for This Collection ===
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== How to Use the Record ==
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
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To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
  
{{Collection citation| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Bureau of the Census. "Population Schedules for the 1930 Census." NARA microfilm publication T626. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. : n.d. <!--bibdescend-->}}
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*Name
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*Other identifying information such as residence
  
[[United States Census Population Schedules, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
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=== Search the Collection  ===
  
== Record Content  ==
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'''To search by index:'''<br> Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
The 1930 census includes the following genealogical information:  
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'''To search by image:'''<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "State" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "County" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Township" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "District" which takes you to the images.
  
[[Image:1930 United States Census.jpg|thumb|right|1930 United States Census.jpg]]
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Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
  
*Full name  
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'''When searching:'''<br> As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor's given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence, age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
*Race
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*Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
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*Relationship to the head of household (active military personnel in naval yards, army posts, etc. may use the term "Sailor" or list military rank rather than actual relationship to head of household)
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*Birthplace of the individual and the parents (included even if the parents were not members of the household)
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*Marital status (single, married, widowed, or divorced)
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*Year immigrated to the United States
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*Whether a naturalized citizen
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*Occupation
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*Native language if foreign-born and whether can speak English
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*Whether a military veteran
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*Street address and house number
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== How to Use the Record  ==
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Keep in mind:
  
Search the Collection<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the "State(Country)" category<br> ⇒Select the "County" category<br> ⇒Select the "Township or Other Division of County" category Select the "Event District" category which takes you to the images<br>
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*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections, see the wiki article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
Or
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=== Using the Information  ===
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
+
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.  
 +
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
 +
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
+
=== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ===
  
For example:
+
*Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
 +
*Check for variant spellings of the names.
 +
*Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.
 +
*Search neighboring localities or states.
  
*Write down middle names, which may be the mother's maiden name.
+
=== General Information About These Records  ===
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
+
*Use birth places to identify&nbsp;former residences and to help establish a migration pattern for the family.
+
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
+
*Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
+
*If military service information is&nbsp;listed, use it to help you find military files in the State or National Archives.
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*Use occupations listed to lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
+
  
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
+
Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.  
  
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
+
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was April 1 for the 1930 census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.  
  
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
+
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
  
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an entire county.
+
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.  
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
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*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
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*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
+
  
You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
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{{USCensus}}
  
== Known Issues with This Collection<br> ==
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== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[United States Census, 1930 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
*[[United States Census 1930]]
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[[United States Census 1930]]  
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
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{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
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== Citation for This Collection ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
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{{Record Citation Link
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|CID=CID1810731
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|title=United States Census, 1930
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}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 
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=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
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"United States Census, 1930." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org] accessed 8 April 2011), Joyce Baker, age 24; citing Census Records, FHL microfilm 2,340,225; United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, D.C.  
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{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census, 1930." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication T626. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002.}}
  
[[Category:United_States|Census]]
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[[Category:United_States_Census_records]]

Latest revision as of 20:23, 28 October 2014

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: United States Census, 1930 .

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of the 1930 United States Census Population Schedules. This includes the 48 states as well as Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Consular Services, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The index is being created by FamilySearch and Ancestry.com.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1930.

Record Content

The 1930 census includes the following information:

  • State, county, township, city/town/precinct, and enumeration district
  • Name of street and house number
  • Name of head of household
  • Names of all members of household
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Age on last birthday (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
  • Married or single
  • Age at time of first marriage
  • Birthplace of each member of household)
  • Father's birthplace
  • Mother's birthplace
  • Language spoken
  • Occupation
  • Industry

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:

  • Name
  • Other identifying information such as residence

Search the Collection

To search by index:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

To search by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "State"
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Township"
⇒Select the appropriate "District" which takes you to the images.

Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

When searching:
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor's given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence, age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

Keep in mind:

  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections, see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
  • Check for variant spellings of the names.
  • Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search neighboring localities or states.

General Information About These Records

Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was April 1 for the 1930 census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.


Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

United States Census 1930

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citation for This Collection

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Census, 1930.

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"United States Census, 1930." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication T626. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 28 October 2014, at 20:23.
  • This page has been accessed 206,772 times.