United States Census, Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(content)
Line 3: Line 3:
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms with two columns on each page.  
+
The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:
 
+
Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following places: 
+
  
 
*Alabama  
 
*Alabama  
Line 24: Line 22:
 
*Utah Territory  
 
*Utah Territory  
 
*Virginia
 
*Virginia
 +
 +
Slave schedules are not available for other states.
  
 
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).  
 
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).  
  
 
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1420440/waypoints Browse].  
 
For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1420440/waypoints Browse].  
 
U.S. Census Slave Schedule, 1850
 
 
Census slave schedules are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator
 
 
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms with two columns on each page.
 
  
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
Line 41: Line 35:
 
{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850." Index or Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.}}  
 
{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850." Index or Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.}}  
  
<br> [[United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
+
[[United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
  
 
== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
  
Slave schedules include the following genealogical information:  
+
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:1850 United States Census Slave.jpg|Slave Schedule
 +
</gallery>
  
[[Image:1850 United States Census Slave.jpg|thumb|center|1850 United States Census Slave.jpg]]
+
Slave schedules include the following genealogical information:  
  
 
*Name of slave owner  
 
*Name of slave owner  
Line 54: Line 50:
 
*If slave is a fugitive, from what state  
 
*If slave is a fugitive, from what state  
 
*Has slave been emancipated  
 
*Has slave been emancipated  
*Very few schedules list the names of the slaves&nbsp;
+
*Very few schedules list the names of the slaves
  
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
  
Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.
+
To search the collection image by image, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page ⇒Select the "State" category <br> ⇒Select the "County" which takes you to the images<br>
  
To search the collection image by image, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
+
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.
  
⇒Select the "State" category <br> ⇒Select the "County" which takes you to the images<br>
+
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 +
*You may not be sure of the slave owner’s name.  
  
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].  
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 
 +
==== Using the Information ====
 +
 
 +
Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.  
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==

Revision as of 22:10, 29 July 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah Territory
  • Virginia

Slave schedules are not available for other states.

While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).

For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850." Index or Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Slave schedules include the following genealogical information:

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, gender, and color of slave
  • If slave is a fugitive, from what state
  • Has slave been emancipated
  • Very few schedules list the names of the slaves

How to Use the Records

To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

To search the collection image by image, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page ⇒Select the "State" category
⇒Select the "County" which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of the slave owner’s name.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.

Related Websites

United States Census Online

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 ,"  database and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MVHW-T16&nbsp;: accessed 4 April 2012), Mary Adams (Washington city, Washington, District of Columbia).