United States Census, Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1420440 |title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850|location=United States}}<br>  
|location=United States
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|CID=CID1420440
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|title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 }}<br>
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{{USCensus}}
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== Record Description  ==
  
== Collection Time Period  ==
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The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:
  
U.S. Census Slave Schedule, 1850
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*Alabama
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*Arkansas
 +
*Delaware
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*District of Columbia
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*Florida
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*Georgia
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*Kentucky
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*Louisiana
 +
*Maryland
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*Mississippi
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*Missouri
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*North Carolina
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*South Carolina
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*Tennessee
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*Texas
 +
*Utah Territory
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*Virginia
  
== Record Description  ==
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Slave schedules are not available for other states.
  
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms with two columns on each page.  
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While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1420440/waypoints Browse].
  
[[Image:1850 United States Census Slave.jpg|thumb|center]] Slave schedules include the following genealogical information:
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
*Name of slave owner
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
*Age, color, and sex of slave
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*Very few schedules list the names of the slaves&nbsp;
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== How to Use the Records  ==
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{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850." Index or Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.}}
  
Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves
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[[United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
== Record History ==
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== Record Content ==
  
Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following states:
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<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:1850 United States Census Slave.jpg|1850 Slave Schedule
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</gallery>
  
*Alabama
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Slave schedules include the following information:
*Arkansas
+
*Delaware
+
*Florida
+
*Georgia
+
*Kentucky
+
*Louisiana
+
*Maryland
+
*Mississippi
+
*Missouri
+
*New Jersey
+
*North Carolina
+
*South Carolina
+
*Tennessee
+
*Texas
+
*Virginia
+
  
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).
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*Name of slave owner
 +
*Number of slaves owned  
 +
*Age, gender, and color of slave  
 +
*If slave is a fugitive, from what state  
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*Has slave been emancipated
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*Very few schedules list the names of the slaves
  
=== Why This Collection Was Created? ===
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== How to Use the Records ==
  
Census slave schedules are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator
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To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
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To search the collection image by image, ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page<br> ⇒Select the "State" category <br> ⇒Select the "County" which takes you to the images
  
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms with two columns on each page.  
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Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.  
  
== Related Web Sites  ==
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Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:
  
This section of the srticle is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.  
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*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
 +
*You may not be sure of the slave owner’s name.
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
  
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Census_Slave_Schedules United States Census Slave Schedules]
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==== Using the Information  ====
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
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Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.
  
{{Contributor invite}}
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== Related Websites  ==
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection: ==
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[http://www.census-online.com/links/ United States Census Online]
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 " database, FamilySearch; (http://familysearch.org), from United States Census Office. Digital images of originals housed&nbsp;at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend-->
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
<br>The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]  
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*[[United States|United States]]
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*[[United States Census Slave Schedules]]
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
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== Contributions to This Article ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
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{{Contributor_invite}}
  
Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above. Examples of citations:
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
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*United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
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*Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
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==== <font class="Apple-style-span" size="3"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-weight: normal; font-size: 13px" /></font>Style Guide  ====
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Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1420440/waypoints United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 ]
  
For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki: Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages]]
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
  
[[Category:United_States_Census]]
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].

Revision as of 16:58, 27 September 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah Territory
  • Virginia

Slave schedules are not available for other states.

While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).

For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850." Index or Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Slave schedules include the following information:

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, gender, and color of slave
  • If slave is a fugitive, from what state
  • Has slave been emancipated
  • Very few schedules list the names of the slaves

How to Use the Records

To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

To search the collection image by image, ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the "State" category
⇒Select the "County" which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of the slave owner’s name.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.

Related Websites

United States Census Online

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.