United States Census, Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1420440 |title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850|location=United States}}<br>  
 
{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1420440 |title=United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850|location=United States}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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== Record Description ==
  
U.S. Census Slave Schedule, 1850  
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The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:
  
== Record Description  ==
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*Alabama
 +
*Arkansas
 +
*Delaware
 +
*District of Columbia
 +
*Florida
 +
*Georgia
 +
*Kentucky
 +
*Louisiana
 +
*Maryland
 +
*Mississippi
 +
*Missouri
 +
*North Carolina
 +
*South Carolina
 +
*Tennessee
 +
*Texas
 +
*Utah Territory
 +
*Virginia
  
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms with two columns on each page.  
+
Slave schedules are not available for other states.  
  
Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following places:&nbsp;
+
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).
  
*Alabama&nbsp;
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For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1420440/waypoints Browse].
*Arkansas&nbsp;
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*Delaware&nbsp;
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*District of Columbia&nbsp;
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*Florida&nbsp;
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*Georgia&nbsp;
+
*Kentucky&nbsp;
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*Louisiana&nbsp;
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*Maryland&nbsp;
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*Mississippi&nbsp;
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*Missouri&nbsp;
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*New Jersey&nbsp;
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*North Carolina&nbsp;
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*South Carolina&nbsp;
+
*Tennessee&nbsp;
+
*Texas&nbsp;
+
*Utah Territory&nbsp;
+
*Virginia
+
  
While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).&nbsp;
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== Record Content  ==
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 +
Image:1850 United States Census Slave.jpg|1850 Slave Schedule
 +
</gallery>
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
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Slave schedules include the following information:
  
{{Collection citation
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*Name of slave owner
| text =<!--bibdescbegin-->Census Office. United States federal census slavery schedule 1850. National Archives, Washington D.C.<!--bibdescend-->}}
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*Number of slaves owned
 +
*Age, gender, and color of slave
 +
*If slave is a fugitive, from what state
 +
*Has slave been emancipated
 +
*Very few schedules list the names of the slaves
  
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|<font color="#0000ff">Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records</font>]].
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== How to Use the Records ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].&nbsp;
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know
  
== Record Content  ==
+
*Name of the slave owner
 +
*Area of residence
  
Slave schedules include the following genealogical information:
+
=== Search the Collection  ===
  
[[Image:1850 United States Census Slave.jpg|thumb|center]]
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To search the collection by name fill in the slave owner's name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
  
*Name of slave owner
+
To search the collection image by image, <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the "State" category <br> ⇒Select the "County" category <br> ⇒Select the "Township or other division of county" category, which takes you to the images
*Age, color, and sex of slave
+
*Very few schedules list the names of the slaves&nbsp;
+
  
== How to Use the Records  ==
+
Search the collection by image. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.
  
Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.  
+
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
  
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
+
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
  
Census slave schedules are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator
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For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
  
=== Record Reliability ===
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=== Using the Information ===
  
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms with two columns on each page.  
+
Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.  
  
 +
{{FHL Search Tip
 +
|foreignone=
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|level1=United States
 +
}}
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
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== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
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{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
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 +
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1420440/waypoints United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 ]
  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
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<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
  
"United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 ," &nbsp;database and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MVHW-T16&nbsp;: accessed 4 April 2012), Mary Adams (Washington city, Washington, District of Columbia).  
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{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850." Index or Images. ''FamilySearch''. http://FamilySearch.org&nbsp;: accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d
  
[[Category:United_States_Census]]
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[[Category:United_States_Census_records]] [[Category:NARA_census_records]]

Revision as of 15:21, 6 August 2014

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah Territory
  • Virginia

Slave schedules are not available for other states.

While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).

For a list of records by localities currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Record Content

Slave schedules include the following information:

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, gender, and color of slave
  • If slave is a fugitive, from what state
  • Has slave been emancipated
  • Very few schedules list the names of the slaves

How to Use the Records

To begin your search it is helpful to know

  • Name of the slave owner
  • Area of residence

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name fill in the slave owner's name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

To search the collection image by image,
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the "State" category
⇒Select the "County" category
⇒Select the "Township or other division of county" category, which takes you to the images

Search the collection by image. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners. Since they do not provide the slaves’ names, they can be used only in conjunction with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves.

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png
Don't overlook FHL Place United States items or FHL Keyword United States items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see United States Archives and Libraries.

Related Websites

United States Census Online

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We especially need language translations for both content and images. For specific needs, please look for callout boxes throughout the article or visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.


Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

{{Collection citation | text= "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850." Index or Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org&nbsp;: accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d