United States Census 1790Edit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m
(free)
 
(12 intermediate revisions by 8 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[United_States_Census/1790|1790 Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census 1790|1790 Census]]''  
  
 
== Content  ==
 
== Content  ==
  
1790 Census was taken between 2 August 1790 and 1 May 1791. The following information was recorded by the census taker:<br>
+
1790 Census was taken between 2 August 1790 and 1 May 1791. The following information, in addition to the '''name of the head of the household''', was recorded by the census taker:  
  
:Free white males 16+<br>
+
*Free white males 16+  
:Free white males under 16<br>
+
*Free white males under 16  
:Free white females<br>
+
*Free white females  
:Other—Indian, slave
+
*Other free persons (including Indians)
 +
*Slaves
  
 
Information on Federal census records 1790-2000 from the [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html National Archives].
 
Information on Federal census records 1790-2000 from the [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html National Archives].
Line 14: Line 15:
 
== Value  ==
 
== Value  ==
  
The 1790 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>
+
The 1790 census can be used to:
  
:Identify locality<br>
+
*Identify locality
:Distinguish target family from others of same name<br>
+
*Distinguish target family from others of same name
:Identify neighbors<br>
+
*Identify neighbors
:Identify slaveholders<br>
+
*Identify slaveholders
:Identify name variations<br>
+
*Identify name variations
  
1790-1840 Search Tips from the [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html National Archives].
+
1790-1840 Search Tips from the [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html National Archives].  
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
Line 33: Line 34:
 
#Since the census went until 1792, some children may have been counted that were not actually born by August 1790  
 
#Since the census went until 1792, some children may have been counted that were not actually born by August 1790  
 
#Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages.  
 
#Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages.  
#Indians that were not taxed were not included.<br>
+
#Indians that were not taxed were not included.
  
== States Covered and Missing  ==
+
== States and Territories Covered ==
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" style="width: 455px; height: 260px;"
+
'''States'''
 +
 
 +
{| style="width: 455px; height: 260px" border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="center" | '''States Covered'''  
 
| align="center" | '''States Covered'''  
Line 43: Line 46:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
Connecticut <br>Maine (part of Massachusetts) <br>Maryland <br>Massachusetts <br>New Hampshire <br>New York <br>North Carolina <br>Pennsylvania <br>Rhode Island <br>South Carolina <br>Vermont  
+
Connecticut <br>Maine (part of Massachusetts) <br>Maryland <br>Massachusetts <br>New Hampshire <br>New York <br>North Carolina <br>Pennsylvania <br>Rhode Island <br>South Carolina <br>Vermont
  
 
|  
 
|  
Delaware <br>Georgia <br>Kentucky <br>New Jersey <br>Tennessee (part of Southwest Territory) <br>Virginia  
+
Delaware <br>Georgia <br>Kentucky <br>New Jersey <br>Tennessee (part of Southwest Territory) <br>Virginia
 
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Territories ==
+
'''Territories'''
  
 
(May have some type of substitute list or an area covering a county)  
 
(May have some type of substitute list or an area covering a county)  
Line 56: Line 58:
 
*Northwest Territory  
 
*Northwest Territory  
 
*Southwest Territory
 
*Southwest Territory
 +
 +
== Missing Records ==
 +
 +
<!--please add any missing records-->
 +
 +
== Where to Find the Records  ==
 +
 +
The 1790 Federal Census is available online.
 +
 +
'''Online'''
 +
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5058 1790 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1803959|United States Census, 1790}} (FamilySearch) - free
  
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
  
1790-2000 [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf Information]. This 4-page brochure discusses the&nbsp;availability of federal census&nbsp;records and their contents.&nbsp;1790-1840&nbsp;census&nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html Search Tips]: <br>
+
1790-2000 [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf Information]. This 4-page brochure discusses the availability of federal census records and their contents.
 +
 
 +
1790-1840 census [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html Search Tips]
 +
 
 +
"[http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/1790.htm Census of Population and Housing, 1790 Census]." ''U.S. Census Bureau.&nbsp;''www.census.gov&nbsp;: accessed 22 May 2009. Over a hundred years ago the Bureau of the Census published the entire 1790 census, listing the names of all the heads of households. Each state was published in a separate book. This web page contains PDF images for each of these books. While the books are searchable, not every name has been indexed correctly. New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maryland were published in 1907, followed in 1908 by Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and South Carolina. Since the census of Virginia for 1790 was lost when the federal district court clerks did not adequately maintain them, state enumerations made in 1782-5 were substituted, but are deemed incomplete. No substitute was provided for other states lost in the burning: Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, and Tennessee.
 +
 
 +
[[Image:1790HeadsSample.gif|border|center|250px|Detail from Heads of Families of the First Census]]
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. ''The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. ''3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)&nbsp;
+
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. ''The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. ''3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
 +
 
 +
{{USCensus}}
  
 
[[Category:United_States_Census]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Latest revision as of 06:00, 25 September 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png 1790 Census

Contents

Content

1790 Census was taken between 2 August 1790 and 1 May 1791. The following information, in addition to the name of the head of the household, was recorded by the census taker:

  • Free white males 16+
  • Free white males under 16
  • Free white females
  • Other free persons (including Indians)
  • Slaves

Information on Federal census records 1790-2000 from the National Archives.

Value

The 1790 census can be used to:

  • Identify locality
  • Distinguish target family from others of same name
  • Identify neighbors
  • Identify slaveholders
  • Identify name variations

1790-1840 Search Tips from the National Archives.

Unique Features and Problems

First time a nation wide count was taken (population was 3,929,214)

  1. No printed form or paper provided
  2. The jurisdiction of the 13 original covered actually the area of 17 states.
  3. Age brackets very limited, especially for the females.
  4. Since the census went until 1792, some children may have been counted that were not actually born by August 1790
  5. Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages.
  6. Indians that were not taxed were not included.

States and Territories Covered

States

States Covered States Missing (most have substitutes)

Connecticut
Maine (part of Massachusetts)
Maryland
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
New York
North Carolina
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Vermont

Delaware
Georgia
Kentucky
New Jersey
Tennessee (part of Southwest Territory)
Virginia

Territories

(May have some type of substitute list or an area covering a county)

  • Northwest Territory
  • Southwest Territory

Missing Records

Where to Find the Records

The 1790 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

1790-2000 Information. This 4-page brochure discusses the availability of federal census records and their contents.

1790-1840 census Search Tips

"Census of Population and Housing, 1790 Census." U.S. Census Bureau. www.census.gov : accessed 22 May 2009. Over a hundred years ago the Bureau of the Census published the entire 1790 census, listing the names of all the heads of households. Each state was published in a separate book. This web page contains PDF images for each of these books. While the books are searchable, not every name has been indexed correctly. New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maryland were published in 1907, followed in 1908 by Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and South Carolina. Since the census of Virginia for 1790 was lost when the federal district court clerks did not adequately maintain them, state enumerations made in 1782-5 were substituted, but are deemed incomplete. No substitute was provided for other states lost in the burning: Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, and Tennessee.

Detail from Heads of Families of the First Census

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)


 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 25 September 2012, at 06:00.
  • This page has been accessed 18,362 times.