United States Census 1790

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[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census]]  
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''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] &gt; &nbsp;[[United States Census|U.S. Census&nbsp;]] &gt; &nbsp;[[United_States._United-States_-_Census_1790|1790 Census]]''
  
 
== Content  ==
 
== Content  ==
  
1790 Census was taken between&nbsp;2 August 1790 and 1 May 1791. The&nbsp;following information was&nbsp;recorded by the census taker:<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free white males 16+<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free white males under 16<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Free white females<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Other—Indian, slave  
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1790 Census was taken between 2 August 1790 and 1 May 1791. The following information was recorded by the census taker:<br>  
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:Free white males 16+<br>  
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:Free white males under 16<br>  
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:Free white females<br>  
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:Other—Indian, slave
  
 
1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
 
1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
  
== &nbsp;Value  ==
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== Value  ==
  
The&nbsp;1790 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>&nbsp;
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The 1790 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>  
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify locality<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Distinguish target family from others of same name<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify neighbors<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Identify slaveholders<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify name variations<br>
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:Identify locality<br>  
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:Distinguish target family from others of same name<br>  
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:Identify neighbors<br>  
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:Identify slaveholders<br>  
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:Identify name variations<br>
  
&nbsp;1790-1840 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html]  
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1790-1840 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html]  
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
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#Age brackets very limited, especially for the females.  
 
#Age brackets very limited, especially for the females.  
 
#Since the census went until 1792, some children may have been counted that were not actually born by August 1790  
 
#Since the census went until 1792, some children may have been counted that were not actually born by August 1790  
#Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages.
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#Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages.  
 
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#Indians that were not taxed were not included.<br>
&nbsp;&nbsp; 6.&nbsp; Indians that were not taxed were not included.<br>
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== States Covered and Missing&nbsp; ==
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== States Covered and Missing  ==
  
{| style="width: 544px; height: 237px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="544" border="1"
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{| width="544" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" style="width: 544px; height: 237px;"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;States Covered  
 
| &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;States Covered  
 
| &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; States Missing
 
| &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; States Missing
 
|-
 
|-
| Connecticut <br>Maine (part of Massachusetts) <br>Maryland <br>Massachusetts <br>New Hampshire <br>New York <br>North Carolina <br>Pennsylvania <br>Rhode Island <br>South Carolina <br>Vermont <br>
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| Connecticut <br>Maine (part of Massachusetts) <br>Maryland <br>Massachusetts <br>New Hampshire <br>New York <br>North Carolina <br>Pennsylvania <br>Rhode Island <br>South Carolina <br>Vermont <br>  
 
| (Burned during the War of 1812: most have substitute lists)Delaware <br>Georgia <br>Kentucky <br>New Jersey <br>Tennessee part of (Southwest Territory) <br>Virginia <br>
 
| (Burned during the War of 1812: most have substitute lists)Delaware <br>Georgia <br>Kentucky <br>New Jersey <br>Tennessee part of (Southwest Territory) <br>Virginia <br>
 
|}
 
|}
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*Northwest Territory  
 
*Northwest Territory  
*Southwest Territory  
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*Southwest Territory
  
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
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1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
 
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
  
1790-1840 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html ]<br>
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1790-1840 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html ]<br>  
  
== References ==
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== References ==
  
 
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. ''The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. ''3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)&nbsp;
 
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. ''The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. ''3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)&nbsp;

Revision as of 04:17, 9 April 2009

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  1790 Census

Contents

Content

1790 Census was taken between 2 August 1790 and 1 May 1791. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

Free white males 16+
Free white males under 16
Free white females
Other—Indian, slave

1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Value

The 1790 census can be used to:1

Identify locality
Distinguish target family from others of same name
Identify neighbors
Identify slaveholders
Identify name variations

1790-1840 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html

Unique Features and Problems

First time a nation wide count was taken (population was 3,929,214)

  1. No printed form or paper provided
  2. The jurisdiction of the 13 original covered actually the area of 17 states.
  3. Age brackets very limited, especially for the females.
  4. Since the census went until 1792, some children may have been counted that were not actually born by August 1790
  5. Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages.
  6. Indians that were not taxed were not included.

States Covered and Missing

         States Covered                    States Missing
Connecticut
Maine (part of Massachusetts)
Maryland
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
New York
North Carolina
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Vermont
(Burned during the War of 1812: most have substitute lists)Delaware
Georgia
Kentucky
New Jersey
Tennessee part of (Southwest Territory)
Virginia

Territories

(May have some type of substitute list or an area covering a county)

  • Northwest Territory
  • Southwest Territory

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1790-1840 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)