United States Census 1790Edit This Page
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1790 Census was taken between 2 August 1790 and 1 May 1791. The following information was recorded by the census taker:
- Free white males 16+
- Free white males under 16
- Free white females
- Other—Indian, slave
Information on Federal census records 1790-2000 from the National Archives.
The 1790 census can be used to:1
- Identify locality
- Distinguish target family from others of same name
- Identify neighbors
- Identify slaveholders
- Identify name variations
1790-1840 Search Tips from the National Archives.
Unique Features and Problems
First time a nation wide count was taken (population was 3,929,214)
- No printed form or paper provided
- The jurisdiction of the 13 original covered actually the area of 17 states.
- Age brackets very limited, especially for the females.
- Since the census went until 1792, some children may have been counted that were not actually born by August 1790
- Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages.
- Indians that were not taxed were not included.
States Covered and Missing
|States Covered||States Missing (most have substitutes)|
(May have some type of substitute list or an area covering a county)
- Northwest Territory
- Southwest Territory
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)
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