United States Census 1790Edit This Page

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Additional information may be found on the United States Census Portal page.


1790 Census Dates 

2 August 1790 -1 May 1791 (1 Mar 1792)

Unique Features

  • First time a nation wide count was taken (population was 3,929,214)



  • No printed form or paper provided
  • The jurisdiction of the 13 original covered actually the area of 17 states.
  • Age brackets very limited, especially for the females.
  • Since the census went until 1792, some children may have been counted that were not actually born by August 1790
  • Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages.
  • Indians that were not taxed were not included.

States Covered

  • Connecticut
  • Maine (part of Massachusetts)
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Vermont 

States Missing

(Burned during the War of 1812: most have substitute lists)

  • Delaware
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • New Jersey
  • Tennessee (Southwest Territory)
  • Virginia


(May have some type of substitute list or an area covering a county)

  • Northwest Territory
  • Southwest Territory


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