United States Census 1820

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Additional information may be found on the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Portal:United_States_Census United State Census Portal] page.
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census 1820|1820 Census]]''
  
 
== Content  ==
 
== Content  ==
  
1820 Census was taken beginning 7 August 1820, for thirteen months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Free white males under 10<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Males 10-16<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Males 16-18<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Males 16-26<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Males 26-45<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Males 45 and over<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Females same, but no 16-18<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Foreigners not naturalized<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Agriculture<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Commerce<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Manufacturing<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free Colored<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Slaves<br>
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The 1820 Census was taken beginning 7 August 1820, for thirteen months. The following information, in addition to the '''name of the head of the household''', was recorded by the census taker:  
  
== Value ==
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==== White Inhabitants ====
  
Use the 1820 Census to:<sup>1</sup>
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*Free White Males under 10
 +
*Males 10-16
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*Males 16-18
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*Males 16-26
 +
*Males 26-45
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*Males 45 and over
 +
*Females same, but no 16-18
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify locality<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Distinguish target family from others of same name<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Help determine family size<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Locate possible relatives with same name<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify neighbors<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify slaveholders<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify name variations<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free men of color listed as head of household<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Slaves in age group by name of owner<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Naturalization column may indicate length of residency in U.S. to find papers<br>
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==== Slave Inhabitants  ====
  
&nbsp;
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*Slave Males under 14
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*Slave Males 14-26
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*Slave Males 26-45
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*Slave Males 45 and over
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*Slave Females same as Males
  
1790-1840 Search Tips:&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html]
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==== Free Colored Inhabitants  ====
  
&nbsp;
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*Free Colored Males under 14
 +
*Free Colored Males 14-26
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*Free Colored Males 26-45
 +
*Free Colored Males 45 and over
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*Free Colored Females same as Males
  
== Unique Features and Problems ==
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==== Additional Information ====
  
1.&nbsp; Breaks down the male group, 16-26, into two groups.
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*"All other persons except Indians not taxed"
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*Foreigners not naturalized
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*Occupational categories: Agriculture,&nbsp;Commerce, and&nbsp;Manufacturing
  
2.&nbsp; Lists the number of persons not naturalized
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1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
  
3.&nbsp; Occupation (agriculture, commercial, manufacture)
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== Value  ==
  
4.&nbsp; African Americans are placed in separate groups: Free or slave
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Use the 1820 Census to:
  
5.&nbsp; Ages for the African Americans are broken into categories <!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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*Identify locality
 +
*Distinguish target family from others of same name
 +
*Help determine family size
 +
*Locate possible relatives with same name
 +
*Identify neighbors
 +
*Identify slaveholders
 +
*Identify name variations
 +
*Free men of color listed as head of household
 +
*Slaves in age group by name of owner
 +
*Naturalization column may indicate length of residency in U.S. to find papers
  
6.&nbsp; No printed form or paper provided
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1790-1840 Search Tips:&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html]
  
7.&nbsp; Indians not taxed are not included
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== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
&nbsp;
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#Breaks down the male group, 16-26, into two groups.
 +
#Lists the number of persons not naturalized
 +
#Occupation (agriculture, commercial, manufacture)
 +
#African Americans are placed in separate groups: Free or slave
 +
#Ages for the African Americans are broken into categories
 +
#No printed form or paper provided
 +
#Indians not taxed are not included
  
== States Covered and Missing  ==
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== States and Territories Covered ==
  
&nbsp;
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'''States'''
  
{| style="width: 456px; height: 445px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="456" border="1"
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{| width="456" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" style="width: 456px; height: 445px;"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp; States Covered'''  
 
| &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp; States Covered'''  
 
| '''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; States Missing'''
 
| '''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; States Missing'''
 
|-
 
|-
| Alabama (part) <br>Connecticut <br>Delaware <br>District of Columbia <br>Georgia (most) <br>Illinois <br>Indiana <br>Kentucky <br>Louisiana <br>Maine <br>Maryland <br>Massachusetts <br>Mississippi <br>New Hampshire <br>New York <br>North Carolina <br>Ohio <br>Pennsylvania <br>Rhode Island <br>South Carolina <br>Tennessee (part) <br>Vermont <br>Virginia (inc. West Virginia) <br>
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| Alabama (part) <br>Connecticut <br>Delaware <br>District of Columbia <br>Georgia (most) <br>Illinois <br>Indiana <br>Kentucky <br>Louisiana <br>Maine <br>Maryland <br>Massachusetts <br>Mississippi <br>New Hampshire <br>New York <br>North Carolina <br>Ohio <br>Pennsylvania <br>Rhode Island <br>South Carolina <br>Tennessee (part) <br>Vermont <br>Virginia (inc. West Virginia) <br>  
 
| New Jersey <br>
 
| New Jersey <br>
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
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'''Territories'''
 
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<br>
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== <br>Territories ==
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*Arkansas  
 
*Arkansas  
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*Michigan  
 
*Michigan  
 
*Missouri  
 
*Missouri  
*Oregon (also a part of Britain)<br><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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*Oregon (also a part of Britain)
 +
 
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== Missing Records ==
 +
 
 +
<!--please add any missing records-->
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 +
== Where to Find the Records  ==
 +
 
 +
The 1820 Federal Census is available online.
 +
 
 +
'''Online'''
 +
 
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7734 1820 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
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*{{RecordSearch|1803955|United States Census, 1820}} (FamilySearch) - free
  
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
  
1790-1840 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
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1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
 +
 
 +
1790-1840 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html] <br>
 +
 
 +
== References  ==
 +
 
 +
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)
  
1790-1840 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html  http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html] <br>
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{{USCensus}}
  
<br>
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<br>  
  
== Bibliographic Citations<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->  ==
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[[United States Census Population Schedules 1820 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.) <br>
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[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Revision as of 05:37, 16 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png 1820 Census

Contents

Content

The 1820 Census was taken beginning 7 August 1820, for thirteen months. The following information, in addition to the name of the head of the household, was recorded by the census taker:

White Inhabitants

  • Free White Males under 10
  • Males 10-16
  • Males 16-18
  • Males 16-26
  • Males 26-45
  • Males 45 and over
  • Females same, but no 16-18

Slave Inhabitants

  • Slave Males under 14
  • Slave Males 14-26
  • Slave Males 26-45
  • Slave Males 45 and over
  • Slave Females same as Males

Free Colored Inhabitants

  • Free Colored Males under 14
  • Free Colored Males 14-26
  • Free Colored Males 26-45
  • Free Colored Males 45 and over
  • Free Colored Females same as Males

Additional Information

  • "All other persons except Indians not taxed"
  • Foreigners not naturalized
  • Occupational categories: Agriculture, Commerce, and Manufacturing

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Value

Use the 1820 Census to:

  • Identify locality
  • Distinguish target family from others of same name
  • Help determine family size
  • Locate possible relatives with same name
  • Identify neighbors
  • Identify slaveholders
  • Identify name variations
  • Free men of color listed as head of household
  • Slaves in age group by name of owner
  • Naturalization column may indicate length of residency in U.S. to find papers

1790-1840 Search Tips:  http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Breaks down the male group, 16-26, into two groups.
  2. Lists the number of persons not naturalized
  3. Occupation (agriculture, commercial, manufacture)
  4. African Americans are placed in separate groups: Free or slave
  5. Ages for the African Americans are broken into categories
  6. No printed form or paper provided
  7. Indians not taxed are not included

States and Territories Covered

States

                States Covered               States Missing
Alabama (part)
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Georgia (most)
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Mississippi
New Hampshire
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee (part)
Vermont
Virginia (inc. West Virginia)
New Jersey

Territories

  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Michigan
  • Missouri
  • Oregon (also a part of Britain)

Missing Records

Where to Find the Records

The 1820 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1790-1840 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)



United States Census Population Schedules 1820 (FamilySearch Historical Records)