United States Census 1830Edit This Page

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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png 1830 Census

Contents

Content

The 1830 Census was taken beginning on 1 June 1830, for twelve months. The following information was recorded by the census taker. Information on black inhabitants is typically found on the page following information on white inhabitants.

White Inhabitants

  • Free White Males under 5
  • Free Males 5-10
  • Free Males 10-15
  • Free Males 15-20
  • Free Males 20-30
  • Free Males 30-40
  • Free Males 40-50
  • Free Males 50-60
  • Free Males 60-70
  • Free Males 70-80
  • Free Males 80-90
  • Free Males 90-100
  • Free Males over 100
  • Free White Females same as Males

Slave Inhabitants

  • Slave Males under 10
  • Slave Males 10-24
  • Slave Males 24-36
  • Slave Males 36-55
  • Slave Males 55-100
  • Slave Males over 100
  • Slave Females same as Males

Free Colored Inhabitants

  • Free Colored Males under 10
  • Free Colored Males 10-24
  • Free Colored Males 24-36
  • Free Colored Males 36-55
  • Free Colored Males 55-100
  • Free Colored Males over 100
  • Free Colored Females same as Males

Additional Information

  • Categories for deaf, dumb, and blind (segregated by white and black)
  • Aliens (foreigners not naturalized)

1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Value

The 1830 Census can be used to:

  • Identify locality
  • Distinguish target family from others of same name
  • Help determine family size
  • Locate possible relatives with same name
  • Identify neighbors
  • Identify slaveholders
  • Identify name variations
  • Free men of color listed as head of household
  • Slaves in age group by name of owner
  • Naturalization column may indicate length of residency in U.S. to find papers

1790-1840 search tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. First census government provided printed forms.
  2. Institutional/guardianship records.
  3. Aliens in the household -- naturalization records.
  4. Age categories are broken down into smaller groups
  5. Deaf, dumb, and blind persons listed (also under the slaves)
  6. Same as previous years.

States and Territories Covered

States

  • Alabama
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland* (Some counties missing)
  • Massachusetts* (Some counties missing)
  • Mississippi* (Some counties missing) 
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Vermont
  • Virginia

Territories

  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Michigan (inc. Wisconsin & Minnesota areas)
  • Oregon (also a part of Britain)

Missing Records

  • No States Missing

Where to Find the Records

The 1830 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1790-1840 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.


 

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