United States Census 1850

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census 1850|1850 Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United_States_Census_1850|1850 Census]]''  
  
 
== Indexes and Images  ==
 
== Indexes and Images  ==
  
For an article about 1850 census population schedules available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the U.S. [[United_States_Census_Population_Schedules,_1850_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|Census Population Schedules, 1850]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses.  
+
For an article about 1850 census population schedules available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the U.S. [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Census Population Schedules, 1850]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses.  
  
 
Also, there are articles about the [[United States Census Mortality Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1850 mortality schedule indexes]], and [[United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1850 slave owner schedule indexes]] free online as part of FamilySearch Record Search. Ancestry.com has those mortality and slave owner indexes and images online for a subscription fee.  
 
Also, there are articles about the [[United States Census Mortality Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1850 mortality schedule indexes]], and [[United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1850 slave owner schedule indexes]] free online as part of FamilySearch Record Search. Ancestry.com has those mortality and slave owner indexes and images online for a subscription fee.  
  
A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.  
  
 
For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.  
 
For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.  
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== Contents  ==
 
== Contents  ==
  
The 1850 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1850, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:
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The 1850 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1850, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
  
'''Population Schedules'''
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'''Population Schedules'''  
  
*Name
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*Name  
*Age
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*Age  
*Sex
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*Sex  
*Color
+
*Color  
*Occupation males over 15
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*Occupation males over 15  
*Value of real estate
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*Value of real estate  
*Birthplace—territory of country of birth
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*Birthplace—territory of country of birth  
*Attended school or married in the year?
+
*Attended school or married in the year?  
*If over 20—could read/write?
+
*If over 20—could read/write?  
*Deaf-mute, blind, insane, or idiotic?
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*Deaf-mute, blind, insane, or idiotic?  
 
*Fugitive from state?
 
*Fugitive from state?
  
'''Slave Schedules'''
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'''Slave Schedules'''  
  
*Name of slave owner
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*Name of slave owner  
*Number of slaves owned
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*Number of slaves owned  
* Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
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*Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)  
*NO NAME OF SLAVES
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*NO NAME OF SLAVES  
*Age, color, sex
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*Age, color, sex  
*Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiotic?
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*Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiotic?  
*Fugitive from state?  
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*Fugitive from state?
  
{{See also|United States Census Slave Schedules}}
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{{See also|United States Census Slave Schedules}}  
  
 
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<br> 1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
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== Value  ==
 
== Value  ==
  
The 1850 census can be used to:
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The 1850 census can be used to:  
  
*Find free population/slave pop. &amp; mortality, agriculture, industry data
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*Find free population/slave pop. &amp; mortality, agriculture, industry data  
*Identify families by name
+
*Identify families by name  
*Identify birthplaces which helps w/immigration
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*Identify birthplaces which helps w/immigration  
*Identify ages —go to vital records
+
*Identify ages —go to vital records  
*Identify Real estate—land and tax records
+
*Identify Real estate—land and tax records  
*Identify probable relationships—be careful!
+
*Identify probable relationships—be careful!  
*Identify occupations/property value
+
*Identify occupations/property value  
 
*Identify possible remarriages/step relationships
 
*Identify possible remarriages/step relationships
  
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== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
#Census takers were given more instructions and guidelines in print
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#Census takers were given more instructions and guidelines in print  
#First census to list names of all in the household
+
#First census to list names of all in the household  
#First to list ages, sex, color, &amp; place of birth
+
#First to list ages, sex, color, &amp; place of birth  
#Census taken in order of visitation
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#Census taken in order of visitation  
#Listed those married within the year
+
#Listed those married within the year  
#Listed those who died after 1 June
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#Listed those who died after 1 June  
#Dwelling house number
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#Dwelling house number  
#Real estate value
+
#Real estate value  
#Occupation of males over 16
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#Occupation of males over 16  
#Whether a fugitive of the state
+
#Whether a fugitive of the state  
#Though it still did not list slave names, it listed more information about the slaves
+
#Though it still did not list slave names, it listed more information about the slaves  
#Listed heath or lifestyle issues: “Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict”
+
#Listed heath or lifestyle issues: “Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict”  
#Omitted children born after 1 June (even if the census taker took it later)
+
#Omitted children born after 1 June (even if the census taker took it later)  
#Indians that lived on reservations or unsettles tracts of land were not included.
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#Indians that lived on reservations or unsettles tracts of land were not included.  
#Make count by personal inquiry at every dwelling
+
#Make count by personal inquiry at every dwelling  
#Enumerator to make 2 additional copies:
+
#Enumerator to make 2 additional copies:  
##Clerk of county court
+
##Clerk of county court  
##Secretary of state/territory
+
##Secretary of state/territory  
 
#No Indians in reservations or unsettled land
 
#No Indians in reservations or unsettled land
  
== States and Territories Covered ==
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== States and Territories Covered ==
  
'''States'''
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'''States'''  
  
 
*Alabama  
 
*Alabama  
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*Wisconsin
 
*Wisconsin
  
'''Territories'''
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'''Territories'''  
  
 
*Minnesota (inc. Dakotas)  
 
*Minnesota (inc. Dakotas)  
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*Utah
 
*Utah
  
== Missing Records ==
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== Missing Records ==
  
 
*'''No States Missing'''
 
*'''No States Missing'''
  
== Where to Find the Records ==
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== Where to Find the Records ==
  
The 1850 Federal Census is available online.
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The 1850 Federal Census is available online.  
  
'''Online'''
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'''Online'''  
  
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8054 1850 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8054 1850 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)  
 
*{{RecordSearch|1401638|United States Census, 1850}} (FamilySearch)
 
*{{RecordSearch|1401638|United States Census, 1850}} (FamilySearch)
  
 
:''For the 1850 slave schedules see [[United States Census Slave Schedules|U.S. Census Slave Schedules]]''.
 
:''For the 1850 slave schedules see [[United States Census Slave Schedules|U.S. Census Slave Schedules]]''.
  
== Web Sites ==  
+
== Web Sites ==
  
 
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
 
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
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1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html]  
 
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html]  
  
== References ==
+
== References ==
  
 
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
 
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
  
 
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<br> {{USCensus}}  
{{USCensus}}  
+
  
 
[[Category:United_States_Census]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Revision as of 04:56, 8 March 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png 1850 Census

Contents

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1850 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1850 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses.

Also, there are articles about the 1850 mortality schedule indexes, and 1850 slave owner schedule indexes free online as part of FamilySearch Record Search. Ancestry.com has those mortality and slave owner indexes and images online for a subscription fee.

A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.

Contents

The 1850 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1850, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

Population Schedules

  • Name
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Color
  • Occupation males over 15
  • Value of real estate
  • Birthplace—territory of country of birth
  • Attended school or married in the year?
  • If over 20—could read/write?
  • Deaf-mute, blind, insane, or idiotic?
  • Fugitive from state?

Slave Schedules

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
  • NO NAME OF SLAVES
  • Age, color, sex
  • Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiotic?
  • Fugitive from state?


1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Value

The 1850 census can be used to:

  • Find free population/slave pop. & mortality, agriculture, industry data
  • Identify families by name
  • Identify birthplaces which helps w/immigration
  • Identify ages —go to vital records
  • Identify Real estate—land and tax records
  • Identify probable relationships—be careful!
  • Identify occupations/property value
  • Identify possible remarriages/step relationships

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Census takers were given more instructions and guidelines in print
  2. First census to list names of all in the household
  3. First to list ages, sex, color, & place of birth
  4. Census taken in order of visitation
  5. Listed those married within the year
  6. Listed those who died after 1 June
  7. Dwelling house number
  8. Real estate value
  9. Occupation of males over 16
  10. Whether a fugitive of the state
  11. Though it still did not list slave names, it listed more information about the slaves
  12. Listed heath or lifestyle issues: “Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict”
  13. Omitted children born after 1 June (even if the census taker took it later)
  14. Indians that lived on reservations or unsettles tracts of land were not included.
  15. Make count by personal inquiry at every dwelling
  16. Enumerator to make 2 additional copies:
    1. Clerk of county court
    2. Secretary of state/territory
  17. No Indians in reservations or unsettled land

States and Territories Covered

States

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Missouri
  • Mississippi
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Vermont
  • Virginia (inc. West Virginia)
  • Wisconsin

Territories

  • Minnesota (inc. Dakotas)
  • New Mexico (inc. Arizona)
  • Oregon (inc. Washington & Idaho)
  • Utah

Missing Records

  • No States Missing

Where to Find the Records

The 1850 Federal Census is available online.

Online

For the 1850 slave schedules see U.S. Census Slave Schedules.

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)