United States Census 1860

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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United_States_Census_1860|1860 Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[United_States_Census_1860|1860 Census]]''  
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== Indexes and Images  ==
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For an article about 1860 census population schedules available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1860 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1860]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1860 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1860 federal censuses.
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Also, there are articles about the [[U.S. Census Mortality Schedule, 1860|1860 mortality schedule indexes]], and [[U.S. Census Slave Schedule, 1860|1860 slave owner schedule indexes]] free online as part of FamilySearch Record Search. Ancestry.com has those mortality and slave owner indexes and images online for a subscription fee.
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A free Internet census index and images to the 1860 census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.
  
 
== Content  ==
 
== Content  ==
  
1860 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1860, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
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The 1860 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1860, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
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'''Population Schedules'''
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*Name
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*Age
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*Sex
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*Color
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*Occupation males over 15
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*Value of real estate
 +
*Value of personal estate
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*Birthplace—state/terr./country
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*Married during year
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*Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiot, pauper, convict
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'''Slave Schedules'''
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*Name of slave owner
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*Number of slaves owned
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*Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
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*NO NAME OF SLAVES
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*Age, color, sex
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*Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiotic?
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*Fugitive from state?
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*Number of slave houses
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{{See also|United States Census Slave Schedules}}
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<br> 1790-2000 Census Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Age<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Sex<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Color<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Occupation males over 15<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Value of real estate<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Value of personal estate<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Birthplace—state/terr./country<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Married during year<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiot, pauper, convict<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''SLAVE SCHEDULES:<br>'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name of slave owner<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; # of slaves owned<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; # of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; NO NAME OF SLAVES<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Age, color, sex<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiotic?<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fugitive from state?<br>1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
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== Value ==
  
== &nbsp;&nbsp;Value  ==
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The 1860 census can be used to:
  
&nbsp; The 1860 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>
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*Find free population/slave pop. &amp; mortality, agriculture, industry data
 +
*Identify families by name
 +
*Identify birthplaces which helps w/immigration
 +
*Identify ages —go to vital records
 +
*Identify real estate—land and tax records
 +
*Identify probable relationships—be careful!
 +
*Identify occupations/property value
 +
*Identify possible remarriages/step relationships
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Find free population/slave pop. &amp; mortality, agriculture, industry data<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify families by name<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify birthplaces which helps w/immigration<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify ages —go to vital records<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify real estate—land and tax records<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify probable relationships—be careful!<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify occupations/property value<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify possible remarriages/step relationships<br>1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>  
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1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html]<br>  
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
1.&nbsp; First time “value of personal estates” was asked (Note: Individuals may have hesitated to answer correctly because<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;they&nbsp;were taxed accordingly.)<br>2.&nbsp; Country of Birth: Instead of just Great Britain or Germany places were to be more specific: ex: England, Ireland, <br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Prussia&nbsp;Baden, etc.<br>3.&nbsp; Personal estate—first time<br>4.&nbsp; Total of 3 copies again<br>
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#First time “value of personal estates” was asked (Note: Individuals may have hesitated to answer correctly because they were taxed accordingly.)  
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#Country of Birth: Instead of just Great Britain or Germany places were to be more specific: ex: England, Ireland, Prussia, Baden, etc.  
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#Personal estate—first time  
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#Enumerator to make 2 additional copies:
 +
##Clerk of county court
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##Secretary of state/territory
  
== States Covered and Missing ==
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== States and Territories Covered ==
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'''States'''
  
 
*Alabama  
 
*Alabama  
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*Wisconsin
 
*Wisconsin
  
'''No states missing'''  
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'''Territories'''  
 
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== Territories  ==
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*Dakota (unorganized)  
 
*Dakota (unorganized)  
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*Washington Territory (inc. Idaho, western Montana, Wyoming
 
*Washington Territory (inc. Idaho, western Montana, Wyoming
  
== Web Sites ==
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== Missing Records ==
  
'''1860 United States Census'''—A free Internet census index and images to the 1860 census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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*'''No States Missing'''
  
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
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== Where to Find the Records  ==
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>
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The 1860 Federal Census is available online.  
  
There are many sites online that include census images, for example:
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'''Online'''
  
Ancestry.com  
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7667 1860 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
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*[http://www.fold3.com/title_19/census_us_federal_1860 Census - US Federal 1860] (Fold3) ($)
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*{{RecordSearch|1473181|United States Census, 1860}} (FamilySearch) - index only
  
HeritageQuestOnline.com
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:''For the 1860 slave schedules see [[United States Census Slave Schedules|U.S. Census Slave Schedules]]''.
  
FamilySearch Labs
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== Web Sites  ==
  
== &nbsp;Sources of This Collection&nbsp; ==
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1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
  
An example of citing these records is: United States. Census Office. 8th census, 1860. United States Census, 1860. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Henry Clayton, birth year 1820, Los Angeles, California, film number 803059, image number 00373.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html]
  
Instructions for citing this source can be found at: [[How_to_Cite_FamilySearch_Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
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== References  ==
  
&nbsp;1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
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1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
  
 
{{USCensus}}  
 
{{USCensus}}  
  
[[Category:United_States_Census]] [[Category:United_States_FamilySearch_Record_Collections]]
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[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Revision as of 08:30, 2 May 2012

United States go to U.S. Census go to 1860 Census

Contents

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1860 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1860 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1860 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1860 federal censuses.

Also, there are articles about the 1860 mortality schedule indexes, and 1860 slave owner schedule indexes free online as part of FamilySearch Record Search. Ancestry.com has those mortality and slave owner indexes and images online for a subscription fee.

A free Internet census index and images to the 1860 census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.

Content

The 1860 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1860, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

Population Schedules

  • Name
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Color
  • Occupation males over 15
  • Value of real estate
  • Value of personal estate
  • Birthplace—state/terr./country
  • Married during year
  • Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiot, pauper, convict

Slave Schedules

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
  • NO NAME OF SLAVES
  • Age, color, sex
  • Deaf-mute, blind, insane, idiotic?
  • Fugitive from state?
  • Number of slave houses


1790-2000 Census Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Value

The 1860 census can be used to:

  • Find free population/slave pop. & mortality, agriculture, industry data
  • Identify families by name
  • Identify birthplaces which helps w/immigration
  • Identify ages —go to vital records
  • Identify real estate—land and tax records
  • Identify probable relationships—be careful!
  • Identify occupations/property value
  • Identify possible remarriages/step relationships

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. First time “value of personal estates” was asked (Note: Individuals may have hesitated to answer correctly because they were taxed accordingly.)
  2. Country of Birth: Instead of just Great Britain or Germany places were to be more specific: ex: England, Ireland, Prussia, Baden, etc.
  3. Personal estate—first time
  4. Enumerator to make 2 additional copies:
    1. Clerk of county court
    2. Secretary of state/territory

States and Territories Covered

States

  • Alabama
  •  Arkansas
  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  •  Florida
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Vermont
  • Virginia (inc. West Virginia)
  • Wisconsin

Territories

  • Dakota (unorganized)
  • Indian (non-Indians included with Arkansas)
  • Kansas (portions of Colorado)
  • Nebraska (inc. parts Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, North & South Dakota)
  • New Mexico Territory (inc. Arizona)
  • Utah (inc. Nevada, Colorado, Washington)
  • Washington Territory (inc. Idaho, western Montana, Wyoming

Missing Records

  • No States Missing

Where to Find the Records

The 1860 Federal Census is available online.

Online

For the 1860 slave schedules see U.S. Census Slave Schedules.

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)