United States Census 1880

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m (fixed link)
(cat)
Line 3: Line 3:
 
== Indexes and Images  ==
 
== Indexes and Images  ==
  
For an article about 1880 census population schedules available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1880]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. A [[Soundex]] for each state indexing families with children age ten or less is also available on microfilm.
+
For an article about 1880 census population schedules available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1880]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. A [[Soundex]] for each state indexing families with children age ten or less is also available on microfilm.  
  
 
A free Internet census index to the 1880 census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&recordType=Census FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census including information about each person’s residence, age, and birthplace. Census images are not included.  
 
A free Internet census index to the 1880 census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&recordType=Census FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census including information about each person’s residence, age, and birthplace. Census images are not included.  
Line 27: Line 27:
 
*Blind, deaf-mute, idiotic, insane or permanently disabled
 
*Blind, deaf-mute, idiotic, insane or permanently disabled
  
[http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf 1790-2000 Information]
+
[http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf 1790-2000 Information]  
  
 
== Value  ==
 
== Value  ==
Line 39: Line 39:
 
*Give clues to genetic symptoms or diseases
 
*Give clues to genetic symptoms or diseases
  
[http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html 1850-1930 Search Tips]
+
[http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html 1850-1930 Search Tips]  
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
#Asked the relationship to the head of household
+
#Asked the relationship to the head of household  
#Asked marital status
+
#Asked marital status  
#Lists the name of the streets and house numbers of some of the urban homes
+
#Lists the name of the streets and house numbers of some of the urban homes  
#Lists an illness or disability on the day of visitation
+
#Lists an illness or disability on the day of visitation  
#Lists number of months unemployed.
+
#Lists number of months unemployed.  
#Lists birthplace of parents
+
#Lists birthplace of parents  
#People born/died after 1 Jun 1880 were not to be included.
+
#People born/died after 1 Jun 1880 were not to be included.  
#[[Soundex|Soundex]]: Lists only families with children under the age of 10 years  
+
#[[Soundex|Soundex]]: Lists only families with children under the age of 10 years
  
 
== States and Territories Covered  ==
 
== States and Territories Covered  ==
Line 106: Line 106:
 
'''Territories'''  
 
'''Territories'''  
  
*[[Arizona Census|Arizona]]
+
*[[Arizona Census|Arizona]]  
 
*[[Idaho Census|Idaho]]  
 
*[[Idaho Census|Idaho]]  
 
*[[Montana Census|Montana]]  
 
*[[Montana Census|Montana]]  
Line 123: Line 123:
 
*[[Kentucky Census|Kentucky]] = Crittenden County  
 
*[[Kentucky Census|Kentucky]] = Crittenden County  
 
*[[Michigan Census|Michigan]] = Oscoda and Sanilac Counties  
 
*[[Michigan Census|Michigan]] = Oscoda and Sanilac Counties  
*[[Missouri Census|Missouri]] = St. Louis <!--is this correct? There were 2 enumerations for St. Louis in 1880 due to higher than expected numbers in the first enumeration.-->  
+
*[[Missouri Census|Missouri]] = St. Louis <!--is this correct? There were 2 enumerations for St. Louis in 1880 due to higher than expected numbers in the first enumeration.-->  
 
*[[New York Census|New York]] = Bronx and Madison and Tioga Counties, New York City (includes all 5 boroughs, Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Kings)  
 
*[[New York Census|New York]] = Bronx and Madison and Tioga Counties, New York City (includes all 5 boroughs, Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Kings)  
 
*[[North Carolina Census|North Carolina]] = Guilford County  
 
*[[North Carolina Census|North Carolina]] = Guilford County  
Line 142: Line 142:
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
  
[http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf 1790-2000 Info]
+
[http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf 1790-2000 Info]  
  
[http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html 1850-1930 Search Tips]
+
[http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html 1850-1930 Search Tips]  
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
Line 150: Line 150:
 
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
 
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
  
2. Missing Data: 1880 Census Index CD Manuel.
+
2. Missing Data: 1880 Census Index CD Manuel.  
  
 
{{USCensus}}  
 
{{USCensus}}  
  
[[Category:United_States_Census]]
+
[[Category:United States Census records]]

Revision as of 13:39, 3 July 2014

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  1880 Census

Contents

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1880 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1880 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. A Soundex for each state indexing families with children age ten or less is also available on microfilm.

A free Internet census index to the 1880 census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. This index shows every name listed on the census including information about each person’s residence, age, and birthplace. Census images are not included.

For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.

Content

The 1880 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1880, for thirty days or two weeks for communities with 10,000+ populations. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

  • Name
  • Race: (white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
  • Month of birth if born within year
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Single, married, widowed, divorced
  • Married within year
  • Occupation/months unemployed
  • Birthplace
  • Parents’ birthplace
  • School attendance within year
  • Whether unable to read if age 10+
  • Sick or temporarily disabled when enumerated and reason
  • Blind, deaf-mute, idiotic, insane or permanently disabled

1790-2000 Information

Value

The 1880 census can be used to:

  • Identify birthplace of parents-immigrant information
  • Supplement birth/marriage info. Due to relationship info.
  • Identify relationships—surnamesof married daughter, mother-in-law, cousins, other relatives
  • Indicate that wife may not be mother of kids
  • Give clues to genetic symptoms or diseases

1850-1930 Search Tips

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Asked the relationship to the head of household
  2. Asked marital status
  3. Lists the name of the streets and house numbers of some of the urban homes
  4. Lists an illness or disability on the day of visitation
  5. Lists number of months unemployed.
  6. Lists birthplace of parents
  7. People born/died after 1 Jun 1880 were not to be included.
  8. Soundex: Lists only families with children under the age of 10 years

States and Territories Covered

States

Territories

Missing Records

  • No States Missing

A few localities in the 1880 U.S. census are either missing or were absorbed into other counties. When missing localities were reported, they were checked against their original census data. It was confirmed that the localities were missing in the original census returns. The following localities are missing data. Details can be found on the state census page and individual county page.

Where to Find the Records

The 1880 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info

1850-1930 Search Tips

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)

2. Missing Data: 1880 Census Index CD Manuel.