United States Census 1880

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== Indexes and Images  ==
 
== Indexes and Images  ==
  
For an article about 1880 census population schedules available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the [[U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1880]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. A [[Soundex]] for each state indexing families with children age ten or less is also available on microfilm.
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For an article about 1880 census population schedules available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1880 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1880]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. A [[Soundex]] for each state indexing families with children age ten or less is also available on microfilm.
  
For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.
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A free Internet census index to the 1880 census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&recordType=Census FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census including information about each person’s residence, age, and birthplace. Census images are not included.
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For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.  
  
 
== Content  ==
 
== Content  ==
  
'''1880 Census''' was taken beginning 1 June 1880, for thirty days or two weeks for communities with 10,000+ populations. The following information was recorded by the census taker:<br>
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The 1880 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1880, for thirty days or two weeks for communities with 10,000+ populations. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
  
:Name<br>
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*Name  
:Race: (white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)<br>
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*Race: (white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)  
:Month of birth if born within year<br>
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*Month of birth if born within year  
:Relationship to head of household<br>
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*Relationship to head of household  
:Single, married, widowed, divorced<br>
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*Single, married, widowed, divorced  
:Married within year<br>
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*Married within year  
:Occupation/months unemployed<br>
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*Occupation/months unemployed  
:Birthplace<br>
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*Birthplace  
:Parents’ birthplace<br>
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*Parents’ birthplace  
:School attendance within year<br>
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*School attendance within year  
:Whether unable to read if age 10+<br>
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*Whether unable to read if age 10+  
:Sick or temporarily disabled when enumerated and reason<br>
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*Sick or temporarily disabled when enumerated and reason  
:Blind, deaf-mute, idiotic, insane or permanently disabled
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*Blind, deaf-mute, idiotic, insane or permanently disabled
  
'''Missing Data'''
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[http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf 1790-2000 Information]
 
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A few localities in the 1880 U.S. census are either missing or were absorbed into other counties. When missing localities were reported, they were checked against their original census data. It was confirmed that the localities were missing in the original census returns. The following localities are missing data.&nbsp; Details can be found&nbsp;on the state census&nbsp;page and&nbsp;individual county page.
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<br>Kentucky = Crittenden County<br>Michigan = Oscoda and Sanilac Counties<br>Missouri = St. Louis<br>New York = Bronx and Madison and Tioga Counties<br>North Carolina = Guilford County&nbsp;<br>Ohio = Allen County&nbsp;<br>Oklahoma<br>Utah = Rich County<br>Virginia = Henrico and York&nbsp;Countues
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New York City = includes all 5 boroughs, Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Kings.<br>
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<br>1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
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[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Abbreviation_HCP_entry_in_the_1880_U.S._Federal_Census HCP entry]&nbsp; is an occasional footnote in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints abstract of the 1880 U.S. census.
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== Value  ==
 
== Value  ==
  
The 1880 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>
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The 1880 census can be used to:  
  
&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify birthplace of parents-immigrant information<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Supplement birth/marriage info. Due to relationship info.<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Identify relationships—surnamesof married daughter, mother-in-law, cousins, other relatives<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Indicate that wife may not be mother of kids<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Give clues to genetic symptoms or diseases  
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*Identify birthplace of parents-immigrant information  
 +
*Supplement birth/marriage info. Due to relationship info.  
 +
*Identify relationships—surnamesof married daughter, mother-in-law, cousins, other relatives  
 +
*Indicate that wife may not be mother of kids  
 +
*Give clues to genetic symptoms or diseases
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html]  
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[http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html 1850-1930 Search Tips]
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
1.&nbsp; Asked the relationship to the head of household<br>2.&nbsp; Asked marital status<br>3.&nbsp; Lists the name of the streets and house numbers of some of the urban homes<br>4.&nbsp; Lists an illness or disability on the day of visitation<br>5.&nbsp; Lists number of months unemployed.<br>6&nbsp;&nbsp;Lists birthplace of parents<br>7. People born/died after 1 Jun 1880 were not to be included.<br>8. [[Soundex|Soundex]]: Lists only families with children under the age of 10 years  
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#Asked the relationship to the head of household
 +
#Asked marital status
 +
#Lists the name of the streets and house numbers of some of the urban homes
 +
#Lists an illness or disability on the day of visitation
 +
#Lists number of months unemployed.
 +
#Lists birthplace of parents
 +
#People born/died after 1 Jun 1880 were not to be included.
 +
#[[Soundex|Soundex]]: Lists only families with children under the age of 10 years  
  
== States Covered and Missing<br> ==
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== States and Territories Covered ==
  
*Alabama
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'''States'''
*Arkansas
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*California
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*Colorado
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*Connecticut
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*Delaware
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*District of Columbia
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*Florida
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*Georgia
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*Illinois
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*Indiana
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*Iowa
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*Kansas
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*Kentucky
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*Louisiana
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*Maine
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*Maryland
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*Massachusetts
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*Michigan
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*Minnesota
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*Mississippi
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*Missouri
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*Nebraska
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*Nevada
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*New Hampshire
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*New Jersey
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*New York
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*North Carolina
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*Ohio
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*Oregon
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*Pennsylvania
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*Rhode Island
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*South Carolina
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*Tennessee
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*Texas
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*Vermont
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*Virginia
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*West Virginia
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*Wisconsin
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'''No states missing'''&nbsp;
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*[[Alabama Census|Alabama]]
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*[[Arizona Census|Arizona]]
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*[[Arkansas Census|Arkansas ]]
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*[[California Census|California]]
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*[[Colorado Census|Colorado]]
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*[[Connecticut Census|Connecticut]]
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*[[Delaware Census|Delaware]]
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*[[District of Columbia Census|District of Columbia]]
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*[[Florida Census|Florida]]
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*[[Georgia Census|Georgia]]
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*[[Idaho Census|Idaho]]
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*[[Illinois Census|Illinois]]
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*[[Indiana Census|Indiana]]
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*[[Iowa Census|Iowa]]
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*[[Kansas Census|Kansas]]
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*[[Kentucky Census|Kentucky]]
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*[[Louisiana Census|Louisiana]]
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*[[Maine Census|Maine]]
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*[[Maryland Census|Maine]]
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*[[Massachusetts Census|Massachusetts]]
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*[[Michigan Census|Michigan]]
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*[[Minnesota Census|Minnesota]]
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*[[Mississippi Census|Mississippi]]
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*[[Missouri Census|Missouri]]
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*[[Montana Census|Montana]]
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*[[Nebraska Census|Nebraska]]
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*[[Nevada Census|Nevada]]
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*[[New Hampshire Census|New Hampshire]]
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*[[New Jersey Census|New Jersey]]
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*[[New Mexico Census|New Mexico]]
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*[[New York Census|New York]]
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*[[North Carolina Census|North Carolina]]
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*[[North Dakota Census|North Dakota]]
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*[[Ohio Census|Ohio]]
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*[[Oregon Census|Oregon]]
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*[[Pennsylvania Census|Pennsylvania]]
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*[[Rhode Island Census|Rhode Island]]
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*[[South Carolina Census|South Carolina]]
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*[[South Dakota Census|South Dakota]]
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*[[Tennessee Census|Tennessee]]
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*[[Texas Census|Texas]]
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*[[Utah Census|Utah]]
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*[[Vermont Census|Vermont]]
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*[[Virginia Census|Virginia]]
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*[[West Virginia Census|West Virginia]]
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*[[Wisconsin Census|Wisconsin]]
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*[[Wyoming Census|Wyoming]]
  
== Territories ==
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'''Territories'''
  
*Arizona  
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*[[Arizona Census|Arizona]]
*Dakota
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*[[Idaho Census|Idaho]]
*Idaho  
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*[[Montana Census|Montana]]
*Montana  
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*[[New Mexico Census|New Mexico]]
*New Mexico  
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*[[North Dakota Census|North Dakota]]
*Utah  
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*[[South Dakota Census|South Dakota]]
*Wyoming
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*[[Utah Census|Utah]]
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*[[Wyoming Census|Wyoming]]
  
== Web Sites ==
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== Missing Records ==
  
'''1880 United States Census'''—A free Internet census index to the 1880 census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census including information about each person’s residence, age, and birthplace. Census images are not included.
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*'''No States Missing'''
  
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
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A few localities in the 1880 U.S. census are either missing or were absorbed into other counties. When missing localities were reported, they were checked against their original census data. It was confirmed that the localities were missing in the [http://www.1880uscensus.com/ original census returns]. The following localities are missing data. Details can be found on the state census page and individual county page.  
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>  
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*[[Kentucky Census|Kentucky]] = Crittenden County
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*[[Michigan Census|Michigan]] = Oscoda and Sanilac Counties
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*[[Missouri Census|Missouri]] = St. Louis  <!--is this correct? There were 2 enumerations for St. Louis in 1880 due to higher than expected numbers in the first enumeration.-->  
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*[[New York Census|New York]] = Bronx and Madison and Tioga Counties, New York City (includes all 5 boroughs, Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Kings)
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*[[North Carolina Census|North Carolina]] = Guilford County
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*[[Ohio Census|Ohio]] = Allen County
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*[[Oklahoma Census|Oklahoma]]
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*[[Utah Census|Utah]] = Rich County
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*[[Virginia Census|Virginia]]= Henrico and York Countues
  
== &nbsp;Sources of This Collection&nbsp; ==
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== Where to Find the Records ==
  
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)
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The 1880 Federal Census is available online.  
  
2. Missing Data: 1880 Census Index CD Manuel.<br>
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'''Online'''
  
'''How to Cite Your Sources'''
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6742 1880 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1417683|United States Census, 1880}} (FamilySearch) - free
  
An example of citing these records is: United States. Census Office. 10th census, 1880. United States Census, 1880. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Lillie Smith, Prattville, Autauga, Alabama, film number 1254001.
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== Web Sites  ==
  
Instructions for citing this source can be found at: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]<br>
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[http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf 1790-2000 Info]
  
&nbsp;
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[http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html 1850-1930 Search Tips]
  
<br>
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== References  ==
 +
 
 +
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)
  
To open the FamilySearch 1880 census search page, [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=census/search_census.asp '''click here''']. For information about the 1880 census on the FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service, [http://productsupport.familysearch.org/SupportRoot/Eng/Frameset_Products.asp?ReqPg=ProductTopics.asp&Selected=1&Color=green&Product=80US&DisplayName=1880+U%2ES%2E+Census&FAQ=80US&SS=True '''click here'''].  
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2. Missing Data: 1880 Census Index CD Manuel.
  
 
{{USCensus}}  
 
{{USCensus}}  
  
[[Category:United_States_Census]] [[Category:United_States_FamilySearch_Record_Collections]]
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[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Revision as of 23:16, 13 April 2013

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  1880 Census

Contents

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1880 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1880 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1880 federal censuses. A Soundex for each state indexing families with children age ten or less is also available on microfilm.

A free Internet census index to the 1880 census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. This index shows every name listed on the census including information about each person’s residence, age, and birthplace. Census images are not included.

For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.

Content

The 1880 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1880, for thirty days or two weeks for communities with 10,000+ populations. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

  • Name
  • Race: (white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
  • Month of birth if born within year
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Single, married, widowed, divorced
  • Married within year
  • Occupation/months unemployed
  • Birthplace
  • Parents’ birthplace
  • School attendance within year
  • Whether unable to read if age 10+
  • Sick or temporarily disabled when enumerated and reason
  • Blind, deaf-mute, idiotic, insane or permanently disabled

1790-2000 Information

Value

The 1880 census can be used to:

  • Identify birthplace of parents-immigrant information
  • Supplement birth/marriage info. Due to relationship info.
  • Identify relationships—surnamesof married daughter, mother-in-law, cousins, other relatives
  • Indicate that wife may not be mother of kids
  • Give clues to genetic symptoms or diseases

1850-1930 Search Tips

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Asked the relationship to the head of household
  2. Asked marital status
  3. Lists the name of the streets and house numbers of some of the urban homes
  4. Lists an illness or disability on the day of visitation
  5. Lists number of months unemployed.
  6. Lists birthplace of parents
  7. People born/died after 1 Jun 1880 were not to be included.
  8. Soundex: Lists only families with children under the age of 10 years

States and Territories Covered

States

Territories

Missing Records

  • No States Missing

A few localities in the 1880 U.S. census are either missing or were absorbed into other counties. When missing localities were reported, they were checked against their original census data. It was confirmed that the localities were missing in the original census returns. The following localities are missing data. Details can be found on the state census page and individual county page.

Where to Find the Records

The 1880 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info

1850-1930 Search Tips

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)

2. Missing Data: 1880 Census Index CD Manuel.