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Additional information may be found on the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Portal:United_States_Census United States Census Portal] page.  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United_States_Census_1890|1890 Census]]''__TOC__
  
== Content  ==
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The Eleventh Census of the United States (1890) was destroyed/damaged by fire, at the Commerce Dept. in 1921. Less than 1% survived, covering 6,160 individuals. The remaining population schedules "Eleventh Census of the United States, 1890" (M407) have been microfilmed.
  
1890 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1890, for two weeks to thirty days. The following information was recorded by the census taker:
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1890 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1890, for two weeks to thirty days.  
  
 
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== Content  ==
  
1890—destroyed/damaged by fire, in Commerce Dept. 1921. 1% survived, 6,160 individuals.
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The following information was recorded by the census taker:
  
   
+
#Name
 +
#Age
 +
#Sex
 +
#Address
 +
#Number of families in the house
 +
#Number of persons in the house
 +
#Number of persons in the family
 +
#Relationship to head of family
 +
#Race: white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian
 +
#Marital status
 +
#Whether married during the year
 +
#Total children born to mother
 +
#Number of children living
 +
#Birthplace
 +
#Birthplace of parents
 +
#If foreign born, how many years in the United States
 +
#Naturalized or in the process of naturalization
 +
#Profession, trade, or occupation
 +
#Months unemployed during census year
 +
#Able to read and write
 +
#Speak English; if not, language or dialect spoken
 +
#Suffering from acute or chronic disease (if so, name of disease and length of time afflicted)
 +
#Defective in mind, sight, hearing, or speech
 +
#Crippled, maimed, or deformed (with name of defect)
 +
#Prisoner, convict, homeless child, or pauper
 +
#Home is rented or owned by the head or a member of the family
 +
#(if so, whether mortgaged)
 +
#Head of family a farmer, if he or a family member rented or owned the farm
 +
#If mortgaged, the post office address of the owner
  
 
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
 
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
 
 
 
  
 
== Value  ==
 
== Value  ==
  
The 1890 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>
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The 1890 census can be used to:  
  
&nbsp;
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1. Determine how many children total in a family<br> 2. Determine immigration details
  
&nbsp;
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1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]  
 
+
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>
+
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
1.&nbsp; Listed the address of the individual<br>2.&nbsp; Listed if a person was a soldier, sailor, or a marine during the Civil War<br>3.&nbsp; Listed whether they were Union or Confederate<br>4.&nbsp; Listed whether they were a widow of a veteran<br>5.&nbsp; Listed, if a mother, the number of children she had and how many were living<br>6.&nbsp; If foreign born, the individual was asked how many years they had been in the United States and if they <br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; were naturalized&nbsp;or in the process of being naturalized<br>7.&nbsp; Lists what language the individual speaks<br>8.&nbsp; Lists number of months employed<br>9.&nbsp; Asks if the home is rented or owned (and mortgaged)<br>10.&nbsp;Listed individuals in Army forts, US vessels, Navy Yards, &amp; prisons.<br>11.&nbsp;Most schedules destroyed by fire in 1921<br>12. Special 1890 schedules enumerating Union veterans &amp; their widows from the Civil War are sometimes used as<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; a&nbsp;census&nbsp;substitute.<br>&nbsp;
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1. Listed the address of the individual<br>2. Listed if a person was a soldier, sailor, or a marine during the Civil War<br>3. Listed whether they were Union or Confederate<br>4. Listed whether they were a widow of a veteran<br>5. Listed, if a mother, the number of children she had and how many were living<br>6. If foreign born, the individual was asked how many years they had been in the United States and if they were naturalized or in the process of being naturalized<br>7. Lists what language the individual speaks<br>8. Lists number of months employed<br>9. Asks if the home is rented or owned (and mortgaged)<br>10. Listed individuals in Army forts, US vessels, Navy Yards, &amp; prisons.<br>11. Most schedules destroyed by fire in 1921<br>12. Special 1890 schedules enumerating Union veterans &amp; their widows from the Civil War are sometimes used as census substitute.  
  
== States Covered and Missing  ==
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== Missing Records ==
  
Alabama <br>Arkansas <br>California <br>Colorado <br>Connecticut <br>Delaware <br>District of Columbia <br>Florida <br>Georgia<br>Idaho<br>Illinois <br>Indiana <br>Iowa <br>Kansas <br>Kentucky <br>Louisiana <br>Maine <br>Maryland <br>Massachusetts <br>Michigan <br>Minnesota <br>Mississippi <br>Missouri<br>Montana <br>Nebraska <br>Nevada <br>New Hampshire <br>New Jersey <br>New York <br>North Carolina<br>North&nbsp;Dakota&nbsp;<br>Ohio <br>Oregon <br>Pennsylvania <br>Rhode Island <br>South Carolina<br>South Dakota&nbsp;<br>Tennessee <br>Texas <br>Vermont <br>Virginia <br>Washington<br>West Virginia <br>Wisconsin <br>Wyoming<br>
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Population schedules for all states and territories were destroyed except for those listed below. Some [[United States Census Veterans Schedules#1890_Federal_Census|1890 Census Veterans Schedules]] also survived.
  
'''1890 Surviving schedules-- '''The following population schedules have survived for the 1890 federal census:
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== 1890 Surviving Population Schedules  ==
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Alabama--'''Perry County, Perryville beat number 11 and Severe beat number 8.<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''District of Columbia--'''Q. Thirteenth, Fourteenth, R.Q. Corcoran, Fifteenth, S.R. and Riggs streets, Johnson<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Avenue, and S Street<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Georgia--'''Muscogee County, Columbus Township<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Illinois--'''McDonough County, Mound Township.<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp; Minnesota--'''Wright County, Rockford Township.<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; New Jersey--'''Hudson County, Jersey City<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp;&nbsp; New York--'''Suffolk County, Brookhaven Township and Westchester County, Eastchester Township.<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp; North Carolina--'''Gaston County, South Point &amp; River Bend Townships and Cleveland County, Township No. 2<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp; Ohio--'''Hamilton County, Cincinnati and Clinton County, Wayne Township<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp;&nbsp; South Dakota--'''Union County, Jefferson Township<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp;&nbsp; Texas--'''Ellis County, J.P. No. 6, Mountain Peak and Ovilla Precinct<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Hood County, Precinct No. 5<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Rusk County, No. 6, J.P. No. 7<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Trinity County, Trinity Town and Precinct No. 2<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Kaufman County, Kaufman <br>
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The following population schedules have survived for the 1890 federal census<ref>United States. National Archives and Records Service. Pamphlet Describing M407: ''Eleventh Census of the United States, 1890.'' Washington, D.C., National Archives And Record Service, Pub. date unknown.</ref><ref>The Family History Library Compiled by Ken Nelson. {{FSbook|84409}} Salt Lake City, Utah, The Family History Library, 1991.</ref>:
  
<br>
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:'''Alabama'''
 +
:Perryville Beat No.11 (Perry County) and Severe Beat No.8 (Perry County)<br>  
 +
:'''District of Columbia'''
 +
:Q Street, 13th St., 14th St., R Street, Q Street, Corcoran St., 15th St., S Street, R Street, and Riggs Street, Johnson Avenue, and S Street<br>
 +
:'''Georgia'''
 +
:Columbus (Muscogee County)<br>
 +
:'''Illinois'''
 +
:Mound Township (McDonough County)<br>
 +
:'''Minnesota'''
 +
:Rockford (Wright County)<br>
 +
:'''New Jersey'''
 +
:Jersey City (Hudson County)<br>
 +
:'''New York'''
 +
:Brookhaven Township (Suffolk County) and Eastchester (Westchester County)<br>
 +
:'''North Carolina'''
 +
:South Point and River Bend Townships (Gaston County), Township No. 2 (Cleveland County)<br>
 +
:'''Ohio'''
 +
:Cincinnati (Hamilton County) and Wayne Township (Clinton County)<br>
 +
:'''South Dakota'''
 +
:Jefferson Township (Union County)<br>
 +
:'''Texas'''
 +
:J.P. No. 6, Mountain Peak, Ovilla Precinct (Ellis County)<br>Precinct No. 5 (Hood County)<br>No. 6 and J.P. No. 7 (Rusk County)<br>Trinity Town and Precinct No. 2 (Trinity County)<br>Kaufman (Kaufman County)
  
Check [http://www.ancestry.com/ ancestry.com] for the database of the 1890 Census Substitute.
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<br>
  
== &nbsp;Territories<br> ==
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== Where to Find the Records  ==
  
*Arizona
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The remainder of the 1890 Federal Census covering 6160 individuals is available online.
*Alaska
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*New Mexico
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*Oklahoma(unorganized)
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*Utah<br><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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== Web Sites  ==
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'''Online'''
  
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5445 1890 United States Federal Census Fragment] (Ancestry) ($)
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1610551|United States Census, 1890}} (FamilySearch) - index only
 +
 
 +
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
 +
 
 +
[https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/United_States_Census_Population_Schedules,_1890_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) United States Census Population Schedusle, 1980 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 +
 
 +
== See Also  ==
 +
 
 +
*[[United States Census Veterans Schedules#1890_Veterans_Schedules|1890 Census Veterans Schedules]]
 +
 
 +
== Websites  ==
 +
 
 +
*1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]
 +
*1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html]
 +
*1890 Census Findings: [http://www.censusfinder.com/1890-census.htm http://www.censusfinder.com/1890-census.htm]
 +
*Ancestry.com: [http://www.ancestry.com/ http://www.ancestry.com/]
 +
*See [http://www.ancestry.com/ ancestry.com] for their 1890 Census Substitute.
 +
*HeritageQuest: [http://www.heritagequestonline.com www.heritagequestonline.com]
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html ]<br>
+
== References  ==
  
Ancestry.com:&nbsp;[http://www.ancestry.com/ http://www.ancestry.com/]
+
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.) {{reflist}}
  
== Bibliographic Citations  ==
+
<references />
  
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)
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{{USCensus}}
  
<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Latest revision as of 22:37, 15 November 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png 1890 Census

Contents


The Eleventh Census of the United States (1890) was destroyed/damaged by fire, at the Commerce Dept. in 1921. Less than 1% survived, covering 6,160 individuals. The remaining population schedules "Eleventh Census of the United States, 1890" (M407) have been microfilmed.

1890 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1890, for two weeks to thirty days.

Content

The following information was recorded by the census taker:

  1. Name
  2. Age
  3. Sex
  4. Address
  5. Number of families in the house
  6. Number of persons in the house
  7. Number of persons in the family
  8. Relationship to head of family
  9. Race: white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian
  10. Marital status
  11. Whether married during the year
  12. Total children born to mother
  13. Number of children living
  14. Birthplace
  15. Birthplace of parents
  16. If foreign born, how many years in the United States
  17. Naturalized or in the process of naturalization
  18. Profession, trade, or occupation
  19. Months unemployed during census year
  20. Able to read and write
  21. Speak English; if not, language or dialect spoken
  22. Suffering from acute or chronic disease (if so, name of disease and length of time afflicted)
  23. Defective in mind, sight, hearing, or speech
  24. Crippled, maimed, or deformed (with name of defect)
  25. Prisoner, convict, homeless child, or pauper
  26. Home is rented or owned by the head or a member of the family
  27. (if so, whether mortgaged)
  28. Head of family a farmer, if he or a family member rented or owned the farm
  29. If mortgaged, the post office address of the owner

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Value

The 1890 census can be used to:

1. Determine how many children total in a family
2. Determine immigration details

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

1. Listed the address of the individual
2. Listed if a person was a soldier, sailor, or a marine during the Civil War
3. Listed whether they were Union or Confederate
4. Listed whether they were a widow of a veteran
5. Listed, if a mother, the number of children she had and how many were living
6. If foreign born, the individual was asked how many years they had been in the United States and if they were naturalized or in the process of being naturalized
7. Lists what language the individual speaks
8. Lists number of months employed
9. Asks if the home is rented or owned (and mortgaged)
10. Listed individuals in Army forts, US vessels, Navy Yards, & prisons.
11. Most schedules destroyed by fire in 1921
12. Special 1890 schedules enumerating Union veterans & their widows from the Civil War are sometimes used as census substitute.

Missing Records

Population schedules for all states and territories were destroyed except for those listed below. Some 1890 Census Veterans Schedules also survived.

1890 Surviving Population Schedules

The following population schedules have survived for the 1890 federal census[1][2]:

Alabama
Perryville Beat No.11 (Perry County) and Severe Beat No.8 (Perry County)
District of Columbia
Q Street, 13th St., 14th St., R Street, Q Street, Corcoran St., 15th St., S Street, R Street, and Riggs Street, Johnson Avenue, and S Street
Georgia
Columbus (Muscogee County)
Illinois
Mound Township (McDonough County)
Minnesota
Rockford (Wright County)
New Jersey
Jersey City (Hudson County)
New York
Brookhaven Township (Suffolk County) and Eastchester (Westchester County)
North Carolina
South Point and River Bend Townships (Gaston County), Township No. 2 (Cleveland County)
Ohio
Cincinnati (Hamilton County) and Wayne Township (Clinton County)
South Dakota
Jefferson Township (Union County)
Texas
J.P. No. 6, Mountain Peak, Ovilla Precinct (Ellis County)
Precinct No. 5 (Hood County)
No. 6 and J.P. No. 7 (Rusk County)
Trinity Town and Precinct No. 2 (Trinity County)
Kaufman (Kaufman County)


Where to Find the Records

The remainder of the 1890 Federal Census covering 6160 individuals is available online.

Online

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

United States Census Population Schedusle, 1980 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

See Also

Websites

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)

  1. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Pamphlet Describing M407: Eleventh Census of the United States, 1890. Washington, D.C., National Archives And Record Service, Pub. date unknown.
  2. The Family History Library Compiled by Ken Nelson. FamilySearch Books Online Salt Lake City, Utah, The Family History Library, 1991.



 

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  • This page was last modified on 15 November 2012, at 22:37.
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